Basic Bible Survey One


Old Testament





AMES BIBLE COLLEGE &

HARVESTIME INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE


This course is part of the Harvestime International Institute, a program designed to equip believers for effective spiritual harvest.


The basic theme of the training is to teach what Jesus taught, that which took men who were fishermen, tax collectors, etc., and changed them into reproductive Christians who reached their world with the Gospel in a demonstration of power.


This manual is a single course in one of several modules of curriculum which moves believers from visualizing through deputizing, multiplying, organizing, and mobilizing to achieve the goal of evangelizing.


For further information on additional courses write:


Harvestime International Institute

3092 Sultana Dr.

Madera, California 93637

U.S.A.




c Harvestime International Institute

TABLE OF CONTENTS




How To Use This Manual      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           I 

Suggestions For Group Study             .           .           .           .           .           .           .           II

Course Introduction    .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           1

Course Objectives      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           2


INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE


1. Introducing The Bible      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .              3

2. Versions Of The Bible      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .            15

3. Bible Background             .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           35

4. An Introduction To Outlining       .           .           .           .           .           .           .              41


THE OLD TESTAMENT


Introduction To The Books Of Law   .           .           .           .           .           .                       46


5. Genesis     .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           47

6. Exodus      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           52

7. Leviticus   .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           59

8. Numbers   .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           64

9. Deuteronomy        .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           69


Introduction To The Books Of History          .           .           .           .           .           .           73


10. Joshua      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           74

11. Judges      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           78

12. Ruth         .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           84

13. I and II Samuel    .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           88

14. I and II Kings       .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           93

15. I and II Chronicles           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           99

16. Ezra         .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           103

17. Nehemiah            .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           107

18. Esther      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           112








Introduction To The Books Of Poetry.           .           .           .           .           .                       117


19. Job           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .          118

20. Psalms     .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           123

21. Proverbs   .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           129

22. Ecclesiastes         .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           133

23. Song of Solomon .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .                       137


Introduction To The Books Of Prophecy       .           .           .           .           .           .           141


24. Isaiah       .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           144

25. Jeremiah  .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           149

26. Lamentations       .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           153

27. Ezekiel     .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           157

28. Daniel      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           161

29. Hosea       .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           167

30. Joel          .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           171

31. Amos       .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           175

32. Obadiah   .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           179

33. Jonah       .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           183

34. Micah      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           187

35. Nahum     .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           191

36. Habakkuk            .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           195

37. Zephaniah            .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           199

38. Haggai     .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           203

39. Zechariah             .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           207

40. Malachi    .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           212

   

Answers To Self-Tests.          .           .           .           .           .           .           .                       216

















HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL




MANUAL FORMAT


Each lesson consists of:


Objectives: These are the goals you should achieve by studying the chapter. Read them before starting the lesson.


Key Verse: This verse emphasizes the main concept of the chapter. Memorize it.


Chapter Content: Study each section. Use your Bible to look up any references not printed in the manual.


Self-Test: Take this test after you finish studying the chapter. Try to answer the questions without using your Bible or this manual. When you have concluded the Self-Test, check your answers in the answer section provided at the end of the book.


For Further Study: This section will help you continue your study of the Word of God, improve your study skills, and apply what you have learned to your life and ministry.


Final Examination: If you are enrolled in this course for credit, you received a final examination along with this course. Upon conclusion of this course, you should complete this examination and return it for grading as instructed.




ADDITIONAL MATERIALS NEEDED


You will need a King James version of the Bible.




I







SUGGESTIONS FOR GROUP STUDY


FIRST MEETING


Opening: Open with prayer and introductions. Get acquainted and register the students.


Establish Group Procedures: Determine who will lead the meetings, the time, place, and dates for the sessions.


Praise And Worship: Invite the presence of the Holy Spirit into your training session.


Distribute Manuals To Students: Introduce the manual title, format, and course objectives provided in the first few pages of the manual.


Make The First Assignment: Students will read the chapters assigned and take the Self-Tests prior to the next meeting. The number of chapters you cover per meeting will depend on chapter length, content, and the abilities of your group.


SECOND AND FOLLOWING MEETINGS


Opening: Pray. Welcome and register any new students and give them a manual. Take attendance. Have a time of praise and worship.


Review: Present a brief summary of what you studied at the last meeting.


Lesson: Discuss each section of the chapter using the HEADINGS IN CAPITAL BOLD FACED LETTERS as a teaching outline. Ask students for questions or comments on what they have studied. Apply the lesson to the lives and ministries of your students.


Self-Test: Review the Self-Tests students have completed. (Note: If you do not want the students to have access to the answers to the Self-Tests, you may remove the answer pages from the back of each manual.)


For Further Study: You may do these projects on a group or individual basis.


Final Examination: If your group is enrolled in this course for credit, you received a final examination with this course. Reproduce a copy for each student and administer the exam upon conclusion of this course.



II


Module:         Deputizing

Course:          Basic Bible Survey I

 

COURSE INTRODUCTION


The many references to the Old Testament by Jesus during His earthly ministry illustrate the importance He placed on knowing the content of the Scriptures. Because Jesus stressed the importance of God's Word to the men He trained, Harvestime International Institute presents "Basic Bible Survey" as part of its training program to equip men and women to reach their nations with God's message.


"Basic Bible Survey" introduces the Bible and discusses its translations and various versions. It presents an overview of Biblical history, geography, and life in Bible times. The course provides an outline for each book of the Bible and teaches outlining skills for expanding these basic outlines into more detailed studies of God's Word.


Information presented on each Bible book includes the author, the people to whom the book was written, the purpose of the book, the key verse, a list of main characters, and an outline of the content. A life and ministry principle is also stated for each book. These principles are basic truths vital to Christian maturity and ministry which you should seek to incorporate into your own life. Helpful charts, maps, and time lines summarizing important facts in condensed form are also included in this course.

 

The course is divided into two parts:


Part One: Provides introductory material on the Bible and outlines for the books of the Old Testament.


Part Two: Provides outlines for the books of the New Testament.


"Basic Bible Survey" is a companion course of "Creative Bible Study Methods" which teaches various ways to study the Bible. Both courses are designed to enrich your personal study of God's Word.*




____________________



* Since each Harvestime International Institute course is designed to be complete in itself, it was necessary to repeat some introductory material from "Creative Bible Study Methods." Three of the introductory chapters are similar in both courses.




COURSE OBJECTIVES



Upon completion of this course you will be able to:

 

          Identify basic divisions of the Bible.

 

          Explain the difference between versions, translations, and paraphrased editions of the Bible.

 

          Describe everyday life in Bible times.

 

          Summarize the chronology of the Bible.

 

          Create and expand outlines.

 

          For each book in the Bible state the following:

                      Author

                      To whom the book was written

                      When it was written

                      Purpose of the book

                      Key Verse

                      Life and Ministry Principle

   

          Continue with a more detailed study of God's Word upon completion of this course.
















PART ONE: INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE


CHAPTER ONE


INTRODUCING THE BIBLE



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Write the Key Verse from memory.

          Define the word "Bible."

          Define the word "Scripture."

          Explain the origin of the Bible.

          Identify the major purposes of the Bible.

          Identify the Old and New Testaments as the two major divisions of the Bible.

          Name the four divisions of Old Testament books.

          Name the four divisions of New Testament books.

          Explain what is meant by the "unity and diversity" of the Bible.

          Identify the person upon whom the revelation of both testaments center.


KEY VERSES:

 

All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

 

That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. (II Timothy 4:16-17)


INTRODUCTION


This chapter introduces the Bible which is the written Word of the one true God. The word "Bible" means "the books." The Bible is one volume which consists of 66 separate books.


The word "Scripture" is also used to refer to God's Word. This word comes from a Latin word which means "writing." When the word "Scripture" is used with a capital "S" it means the sacred writings of the one true God. The word "Bible" is not used in the Bible. It is a word selected by men as a title for all of God's Words.


ORIGIN OF THE BIBLE


The Bible is the written Word of God. He inspired the words in the Bible and used approximately 40 different men to write down His words. These men wrote over a period of 1500 years. The perfect agreement of these writers is one proof that they were all guided by a single author. That author was God.


Some of the writers wrote down exactly what God said:

 

Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel . . . (Jeremiah 36:2)


Other writers wrote what they experienced or what God revealed concerning the future:

 

Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter. (Revelation 1:19)


All of the writers wrote under God's inspiration the words of His message for us.


THE PURPOSE OF THE BIBLE


The Bible itself records its main purpose:

 

All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

 

That the man of God may be perfect thoroughly furnished unto all good works. (II Timothy 3:16-17)


The Scriptures are to be used to teach doctrine, to reprove and correct from evil, and to teach righteousness. They will help you live right and equip you to work for God.


MAJOR DIVISIONS


The Bible is divided into two major sections called the Old Testament and the New Testament. The word "testament" means covenant. A covenant is an agreement. The Old Testament records God's original covenant or agreement with man. The New Testament records the new covenant made by God through His Son, Jesus Christ.


What was the subject of these two agreements? They both concerned restoring sinful man to right relationship with God. God made a law that sin can only be forgiven through the shedding of blood:

 

. . . without shedding of blood is no remission (forgiveness). (Hebrews 9:22)


Under God's agreement in the Old Testament, blood sacrifices of animals were made by man to obtain forgiveness for sin. This was a symbol of the blood sacrifice Jesus Christ would provide under the new agreement with God. Through the birth, life, death, and resurrection of Jesus, a final sacrifice for sin was made:

 

But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;

 

Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

 

For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:

 

How much more shall the blood of Christ who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

 

And for this cause He is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

(Hebrews 9:11-15)


Both testaments are the Word of God and we must study both in order to understand God's message. The terms "old" and "new" testaments are used to distinguish between God's agreement with man before and after the death of Jesus Christ. We do not disregard the Old Testament simply because it is called "old."


FURTHER DIVISIONS


The Bible is further divided into 66 books. The Old Testament has 39 books. The New Testament contains 27 books. Each book is divided into chapters and verses. Although the content of each book is the Word of God, the division into chapters and verses was made by man. to make it easy to locate specific passages. It would be very difficult to find a passage if the books were all one long paragraph.


Here is a simple diagram that shows the basic divisions of the Bible:

 




THE BIBLE

 

____________________

                                          

Old Testament New Testament

39 Books 27 Books


UNITY OF THE BIBLE


When we speak of the unity of the Bible, we mean two things:


ONE: THE BIBLE IS UNITED IN CONTENT:


Even though the Bible was written by many writers over many years, there are no contradictions. One author does not contradict any of the others.


The Bible includes discussion of hundreds of controversial subjects. (A controversial subject is one that creates different opinions when mentioned). Yet the writers of the Bible spoke on such subjects with harmony from the first book of Genesis through the last book of Revelation. This was possible because there was really only one author: God. The writers only recorded the message under His direction and inspiration. For this reason, the content of the Bible is united.


TWO: THE BIBLE IS UNITED IN THEME:


Some people think the Bible is a collection of 66 separate books on different subjects. They do not realize that the Bible is united by a major theme. From beginning to end, the Bible reveals God's special purpose which is summarized in the book of Ephesians:

 

Having made known unto us the mystery of His will, according His good pleasure which He hath purposed in Himself;

 

That in the dispensation of the fullness of times He might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in Him;

 

In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of Him who worketh all things after the counsel of His own will. (Ephesians 1:9-11)


The Bible reveals the mystery of God’s plan which is the unifying theme of the Bible. It is the revelation of Jesus Christ as the Savior of sinful mankind. Jesus explained how the Old Testament centered on Him:

 

And He said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms concerning me.

            (Luke 24:44)


With this introduction, Jesus continued and . . .

 

. . . opened He their understanding that they might understand the scriptures.

            (Luke 24:45)


What was the key Jesus gave them to understanding the Scriptures? The fact that its major theme focused on Him:

 

. . . Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day;

 

And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And Ye are witnesses of these things.

            (Luke 24:46-48)


The Old and New Testaments both tell the story of Jesus. The Old Testament prepares us for its happening and the New Testament tells how it happened. This unites the Bible in one major theme. The people who looked forward to Jesus under the Old Testament were saved from their sins through faith in God's promise. Everyone who looks back to it as having been fulfilled in Jesus Christ is saved in the same way: Through faith that it happened just as God promised.


DIVERSITY OF THE BIBLE


When we speak of the "diversity" of the Bible we mean that the Bible has variety. It records different ways in which God dealt with people and the different ways in which they responded to Him.


The Bible is written in different moods. Some portions express joy while others reflect sorrow. The Bible includes different types of writing. It contains history, poetry, prophecy, letters, adventure, parables, miracles, and love stories. Because of its variety, the Bible has been further divided into major groups of books.


OLD TESTAMENT DIVISIONS


The books of the Old Testament are divided into four major groups: Law, history, poetry and prophecy.


THE BOOKS OF THE LAW:


There are five books of law. The names of these books are:

 

Genesis

Exodus

Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy


These books record the creation of man and the world by God and the early history of man. They tell how God raised up the nation of Israel as a people through which He could reveal Himself to the nations of the world.


These books record the laws of God. The best known parts are the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:3-17), the greatest of all commandments (Deuteronomy 6:5), and the second greatest commandment (Leviticus 19:18).


Open your Bible and locate the books of Law in the Old Testament. Locate the three verses mentioned in the preceding paragraph and read them. These are an example of the laws of God recorded in these books.


THE BOOKS OF HISTORY:


There are 12 books of history in the Old Testament. The names of the books of history are:

 

Joshua

Judges

Ruth

I and II Samuel

I and II Kings

I and II Chronicles

Ezra

Nehemiah

Esther


Locate these books in your Bible. They are found right after the books of law. The books of history cover a thousand year history of God's people, Israel. Naturally they do not tell everything that happened, but they record the major events and show the results of both following and ignoring God's law.




THE BOOKS OF POETRY:


There are five books of poetry. The names of the books of poetry are:

 

Job

Psalms

Proverbs

Ecclesiastes

Song of Solomon


These books are the worship books of God's people, Israel. They still are used in worship by believers today. Turn to Psalm 23 and read it. This is an example of the beautiful worship poetry contained in these books.


THE BOOKS OF PROPHECY:


The books of prophecy are the Old Testament are divided into two groups which are called Major and Minor prophetical books. This does not mean the Major Prophets are more important than the Minor Prophets. The title is simply used because the Major Prophets are longer books than the Minor Prophets. There are 17 books of prophecy in the Old Testament. The names of the books of prophecy are:


            Major Prophets:

 

Isaiah

Jeremiah

Lamentations

Ezekiel

Daniel


            Minor Prophets:

 

HoseaNahum

JoelHabakkuk

AmosZechariah

ObadiahHaggai

JonahZechariah

MicahMalachi


These books are prophetic messages from God to His people about future events. Many of the prophecies have already been fulfilled, but some remain to be fulfilled in the future. Find these prophetic books in your Bible. They are the last books in the Old Testament.


NEW TESTAMENT DIVISIONS


The New Testament has also been divided into four groups: Gospels, History, Letters, and Prophecy.


THE GOSPELS:


There are four books in the Gospels. The names of these books are:

 

            Matthew         Mark               Luke               John


These books tell about the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus. Their purpose is to lead you to believe that He is the Christ, the Son of God. Find the Gospels in your Bible and then read John 20:31 which states this purpose.


THE BOOK OF HISTORY:


There is one book of history in the New Testament, the book of Acts. This book tells how the church began and fulfilled Christ's commission to spread the Gospel throughout the world. Locate this book in your Bible.


LETTERS:


There are 21 letters in the New Testament. The names of these letters are:

 

RomansTitus

I and II CorinthiansPhilemon

GalatiansHebrews

EphesiansJames

PhilippiansI and II Peter

ColossiansI, II, and III John

I and II ThessaloniansJude

I and II Timothy


The letters are addressed to all believers. Their purpose is to guide them in living and help them do what Jesus commanded. Romans 12 is a good example of their teaching. Turn to this chapter in your Bible and read it. The letters are also sometimes called "epistles" which means letters.


PROPHECY:


Revelation is the only book of prophecy in the New Testament. It tells of the final victory of Jesus and His people. Its purpose is to encourage you to keep living as a Christian should live until the end of time. Its message is summarized in Revelation 2:10.


SELF-TEST


1. Write the Key Verses from memory:


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. What does the word "Bible" mean?_____________________________________________


3. What does the word "Scripture" mean?_____________________________________________

4. What are the two major divisions of the Bible?


______________________________ _______________________________


5. How many books are there in the Bible?____________________________________________


6. Name the four major groups into which Old Testament books are divided:


______________________________ _______________________________


______________________________ _______________________________

  

7. Name the four major groups into which New Testament books are divided:


______________________________ _______________________________


______________________________ _______________________________


8. What is the meaning of the word "testament"?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________






9. What are four main purposes of the Bible? Give a Bible reference to support your answer.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


10. What is meant by the "unity of the Bible"?


_______________________________________________________________________________


11. What is meant by the "diversity of the Bible"?


_______________________________________________________________________________


12. Read each statement. If the statement is TRUE put the letter T on the blank in front of it. If the statement is FALSE put the letter F on the blank in front of it:


a._____The Bible is the written Word of the one true God.


b._____Although God inspired the Bible, He used men to write down His words.


c._____Because there were many writers over a period of many years, the Bible contains a lot of contradictions.


d._____There is no united theme of the Bible. It is just a collection of books on different subjects.


e._____The Major Prophets of the Old Testament are more important than the Minor Prophets.


13. Who is the person on which the revelation of both testaments centers? Give a Bible


reference to support your answer.____________________Reference___________________







(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


The bookmarks on the next page will help you learn the major divisions of the Bible. Cut out the bookmarks on the lines dividing them and place them in your Bible. If you have difficulty in locating the place to insert your bookmarks, use the Table of Contents in the front of your Bible. It lists the books in the order in which they appear in the Bible. It also provides the page number where each book begins.


OLD TESTAMENT


Place bookmark 1 at the beginning of the book of Genesis.


Place bookmark 2 at the beginning of the book of Joshua.


Place bookmark 3 at the beginning of the book of Job.


Place bookmark 4 at the beginning of the book of Isaiah.


NEW TESTAMENT


Place bookmark 5 at the beginning of the book of Matthew.


Place bookmark 6 at the beginning of the book of Acts.


Place bookmark 7 at the beginning of the book of Romans.


Place bookmark 8 at the beginning of the book of Revelation.


You have now located the major divisions of the Bible. Keep using the bookmarks until you can name and locate these divisions by memory.














 

OLD TESTAMENT                                                       OLD TESTAMENT                                                       OLD TESTAMENT

LAW (1)                                                                          HISTORY (2)                                                                 POETRY (3)

 

GENESIS                                                      JOSHUA                                                       JOB

EXODUS                                                       JUDGES                                                        PSALMS

LEVITICUS                                RUTH                                                            PROVERBS

NUMBERS                                  I SAMUEL                                  ECCLESIASTES

DEUTERONOMY                                       II SAMUEL                                SONG OF SOLOMON

                                                                        I KINGS

                                                                        II KINGS

                                                                        I CHRONICLES

                                                                        II CHRONICLES

                                                                        EZRA

                                                                        NEHEMIAH

                                                                        ESTHER

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

OLD TESTAMENT

PROPHECY (4)

 

MAJOR PROPHETS                 MINOR PROPHETS:

ISAIAH                                                         HOSEA                                                          OLD TESTAMENT BOOK MARKS

JEREMIAH                                JOEL

LAMENTATIONS                                       AMOS

EZEKIEL                                                      OBADIAH

DANIEL                                                        JONAH

                                                                        MICAH

                                                                        NAHUM

                                                                        HABAKKUK

                                                                        ZECHARIAH

                                                                        HAGGAI

                                                                        ZECHARIAH

                                                                        MALACHI



______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

NEW TESTAMENT                                                   NEW TESTAMENT                                   NEW TESTAMENT

GOSPELS (5)                                              HISTORY (6)                                                                 LETTERS (7)


MATTHEW                                ACTS                                                             ROMANS

MARK                                                                                                                                   I CORINTHIANS

LUKE                                                                                                                                    II CORINTHIANS

JOHN                                                                                                                                    GALATIANS

                                                                                                                                                EPHESIANS

                                                                                                                                                PHILIPPIANS

                                                                                                                                                COLOSSIANS

                                                                                                                                                I THESSALONIANS

                                                                                                                                                II THESSALONIANS

                                                                                                                                                I TIMOTHY

                                                                                                                                                II TIMOTHY

                                                                                                                                                TITUS

                                                                                                                                                PHILEMON

                                                                                                                                                HEBREWS

                                                                                                                                                JAMES

                                                                                                                                                I PETER

                                                                                                                                                II PETER

_______________________________________________________________                                     I JOHN

NEW TESTAMENT                                                                                                            II JOHN

PROPHECY (8)                                                                                                                                      III JOHN

                                                                                                                                                JUDE

REVELATION                                                                                                   ______________________________________________________


                                                                                                                               NEW TESTAMENT BOOK MARKS


CHAPTER TWO


THE BOOKS OF THE BIBLE


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Write the Key Verse from memory.

          Identify the number of books in the Old Testament.

          Identify the number of books in the New Testament.

          Explain why it is important to have a systematic plan for reading the Bible.

          List four suggestions for successful Bible reading.


KEY VERSE:

 

Let my cry come near before thee, O Lord; give me understanding according to thy Word. (Psalms 119:169)


INTRODUCTION


In the previous chapter you learned that the Bible is the written Word of God. You learned it is divided into two major sections called the Old Testament and the New Testament. You learned the four divisions of the Old Testament books:


            Law

            History

            Poetry

            Prophecy


You also learned the four divisions of the New Testament books:


            Gospels

            History

            Letters

            Prophecy


The following chart summarizes what you have learned about the Bible so far:


                         

THE BIBLE

 

GOD'S WRITTEN WORD

 

66 BOOKS

 

____________________________________

                                  

OLD TESTAMENT DIVISIONS NEW TESTAMENT DIVISIONS

                                   

                                    Law                                                                Gospels

                                    History                                                            History

                                    Poetry                                                             Letters

                                    Prophecy                                                         Prophecy



This chapter contains a summary of each of the 66 books of the Bible which make up the major divisions of the Old and New Testaments. It provides an introduction to the content of both testaments. Four suggestions for successful Bible reading are given and you will choose a systematic plan to start reading God's Word.


OLD TESTAMENT BOOKS


(39 Books)


BOOKS OF LAW:


Genesis: Records the beginning of the universe, man, the Sabbath, marriage, sin, sacrifice, nations, and government and key men of God like Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph.


Exodus: Details how Israel became a nation with Moses as leader. Israel is delivered from bondage in Egypt and travels to Mt. Sinai where the law of God is given.


Leviticus: This book was a manual of worship for Israel. It provides instruction to the religious leaders and explains how a sinful people can approach a righteous God. It relates to the coming of Jesus Christ as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world.


Numbers: Records Israel's 40 years of wandering in the wilderness which was a result of disobedience to God. The title of the book is from two numberings (population censuses) taken during the long journey.


Deuteronomy: Records the final days of Moses' life and reviews the laws given in Exodus and Leviticus.


BOOKS OF HISTORY:


Joshua: Details how Joshua, the successor of Moses, led the people of Israel into the Promised Land of Canaan. It records the military campaigns and the division of the land among the people.


Judges: Israel turned away from God after Joshua's death. This book records the sad story of their repeated sins and the judges God raised up to deliver them from enemy forces.


Ruth: The story of Ruth, a woman of the Gentile nation of Moab, who chose to serve the God of Israel. She became the great grandmother of David.


I Samuel: This book centers on three persons: Samuel who was the last of the judges of Israel; Saul, the first king of Israel; and David who succeeded Saul as king.


II Samuel: The glorious 40 year reign of King David is recorded in this book.


I Kings: King Solomon's reign and the kings of the divided kingdom through the reigns of Ahab in the north and Jehoshaphat in the south are the subjects of this book.


II Kings: The final decline of Israel and Judah is recalled in this book. God's people fell into deep sin.


I Chronicles: The reign of David and preparations for building the temple are recorded here. The time of this book is the same as II Samuel.


II Chronicles: This book continues Israel's history through Solomon's reign with focus on the southern kingdom. It closes with the decree of Cyrus which permitted the return of the people from Babylon to Jerusalem.


Ezra: The return of the Jews from Babylonian captivity is detailed.


Nehemiah: The rebuilding of Jerusalem's walls under the direction of Nehemiah is recalled by this book. The project was begun about 14 years after Ezra's return with the people.


Esther: God's deliverance of the Jews through Esther and Mordecai is the subject of this book.



BOOKS OF POETRY:


Job: This book is the story of Job, a man who lived around the time of Abraham. The theme is the question of why righteous men suffer.


Psalms: The prayer and praise book of the Bible.


Proverbs: Divine wisdom for practical problems of everyday life.


Ecclesiastes: A discussion of the futility of life apart from God.


Song Of Solomon: The romance of Solomon and his Shulamite bride. The story represents God's love for Israel and of Christ for the church.


BOOKS OF PROPHECY:


Several of these books were written during a period when the nation of Israel was divided into two separate kingdoms: Israel and Judah.


Isaiah: Warns of coming judgment against Judah because of their sin against God.


Jeremiah: Written during the later decline and fall of Judah. Told of the coming judgment and urged surrender to Nebuchadnezzar.


Lamentations: Jeremiah's lament (expression of sorrow) over the destruction of Jerusalem by Babylon.


Ezekiel: Warns first of Jerusalem's impending fall and then foretells its future restoration.


Daniel: The prophet Daniel was captured during the early siege of Judah and taken to Babylon. This book provides historic and prophetic teaching which is important in understanding Bible prophecy.


Hosea: Theme of this book is Israel's unfaithfulness, their punishment, and restoration by God.


Joel: Tells of the plagues which foreshadowed future judgment.


Amos: During a period of material prosperity but moral decay, Amos warned Israel and surrounding nations of God's future judgment on their sin.


Obadiah: God's judgment against Edom, an evil nation located south of the Dead Sea.



Jonah: The story of the prophet Jonah who preached repentance in Ninevah, capitol of the Assyrian empire. The book reveals God's love and plan of repentance for the Gentiles.


Micah: Another prophecy against Israel's sin. Foretells the birthplace of Jesus 700 years before the event happened.


Nahum: Tells of the impending destruction of Ninevah which had been spared some 150 years earlier through Jonah's preaching.


Habakkuk: Reveals God's plan to punish a sinful nation by an even more sinful one. Teaches that "the just shall live by faith."


Zephaniah: Judgment and restoration of Judah.


Haggai: Urges the Jews to rebuild the temple after a 15 year delay due to enemy resistance.


Zechariah: Further urging to complete the temple and renew spiritual commitment. Foretells Christ's first and second comings.


Malachi: Warns against spiritual shallowness and foretells the coming of John the Baptist and Jesus.


NEW TESTAMENT BOOKS


(27 Books)


THE GOSPELS:


The four books known as the Gospels record the birth, life, ministry, teachings, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The approach of each book differs:


Matthew: Emphasizes Jesus Christ as King and was directed especially to the Jews.


Mark: Emphasizes Jesus Christ as the Servant of God and was directed especially to the Romans.


Luke: Presents Jesus Christ as the "Son of Man," the perfect man and Savior of imperfect men.


John: Presents Jesus in His position as the Son of God.


BOOK OF HISTORY:


Acts: The one history book of the New Testament records the early growth of Christianity from the time of Christ's return to Heaven through Paul's imprisonment in Rome. The book covers about 33 years and emphasizes the work of the Holy Spirit.


LETTERS:


Romans: A presentation of the Gospel which stresses salvation by faith alone.


I Corinthians: Written to correct errors of Christian conduct in the local church.


II Corinthians: Speaks of the true ministry of the Gospel, stewardship, and Paul's apostolic authority.


Galatians: Deals with the error of mixing law and faith. The theme is justification by faith alone.


Ephesians: Encourages believers regarding their position in Christ.


Philippians: Emphasizes the joy of the Christian unity.


Colossians: Deals with the error of "Gnosticism," a false teachings which denied Jesus was truly Son of God and Son of Man. The book also emphasizes Jesus as head of the Church.


I Thessalonians: Counsel in Christian living and emphasis on the return of Jesus.


II Thessalonians: Further instruction on the Lord's return and how knowledge of this should affect everyday life.


I Timothy: Stresses sound doctrine, orderly church government, and principles to guide the church in the years to come.


II Timothy: Describes the true servant of Jesus Christ. It also warns of the apostasy (spiritual decline) which had already started. It presents the Word of God as the remedy to correct all error.


Titus: Paul's letter to a young minister named Titus who was serving God on the island of Crete. Doctrine and a Godly life are stressed.


Philemon: Paul's intercession for a runaway slave of a wealthy Colossian Christian. It illustrates the intercession of Jesus on the behalf of believers who were once slaves to sin.


Hebrews: Explains the superiority of Christianity over Judaism. Presents Jesus as the Great High Priest and the mediator between God and man.


James: Teaches that true faith is evidenced by works, although salvation is by faith alone.



I Peter: A letter of comfort and encouragement to believers, especially those suffering spiritual attacks from outside the church through unbelievers.


II Peter: A warning against spiritual attacks from within. For example, false teachers who had already "crept" into the Church.


I John: Written to combat Gnosticism which denied Christ's position as Son of God and Son of Man. The book emphasizes fellowship and love among believers and assures true believers of eternal life.


II John: Warns against any compromise with doctrinal error and emphasizes that the truth must be guarded in love.


III John: Warns of the sin of refusing fellowship with those who are true believers.


Jude: Another warning against apostasy and false doctrine. The theme is similar to that of II Peter.


BOOK OF PROPHECY:


Revelation: This prophetic book tells of the final events of world history. It tells of the things which were, are, and which will be in the future plan of God.


SUCCESSFUL BIBLE READING


You will learn much in this course about how to understand and interpret the Bible. You will also learn methods of creative Bible study. But the first step in understanding the Bible is to begin to read it. To help you start reading God's Word we have outlined several different reading plans. These include a plan for those just starting their study as well as a plan for those who are more advanced in the study of God's Word.


First, here are four suggestions for successful Bible reading:


1. READ DAILY:

 

But his delight is in the law of the Lord; and in His law doth he meditate day and night. (Psalms 1:2)


God made your physical body so you must have food daily in order to remain healthy. In a similar manner, your spirit must be fed daily with the food of the Word of God if you are to be spiritually healthy:

 

. . . It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every Word of God. (Luke 4:4)


2. READ SELECTIVELY:


Start by reading the "milk" of the word. These are the simple truths of the Word of God:

 

As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the Word that ye may grow thereby. (I Peter 2:2)


Later you will mature spiritually to where you can eat "meat" of the Word of God. This means you will be able to understand more difficult teachings of the Bible:

 

For everyone that useth milk is unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

 

But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil. (Hebrews 5:13-14)

 

I have fed you with milk, and not with meat; for hitherto ye were not able to bear it . . . (I Corinthians 3:2)


3. READ PRAYERFULLY:

 

For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the law of the Lord. (Ezra 7:10)


Before you start to read, pray to God and ask Him to help you understand the message He has given you through His written Word. Let your prayer be as the Psalmist David prayed:

 

Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law. (Psalms 119:18)


4. READ SYSTEMATICALLY:


Some people do not understand God's Word because they do not have a systematic plan for reading. They read a chapter here and there and fail to understand how it all fits together. This is like reading a few pages here and there in a text book on medicine and then trying to set up a medical practice.


The Bible tells us to "search the scriptures" (John 5:39). This means to study them carefully. The Bible is like a text book used in school. You must read it in an orderly way if you are to understand its content. Select one of the following reading schedules and begin reading your Bible daily.



FOR BEGINNERS


If you have never read the Bible before, start with the book of John in the New Testament. This book was written by one of the Disciples of Jesus Christ named John. He tells the story of Jesus in a simple way which is easy to understand.


Read one chapter in John each day in the order in which they are found in your Bible. Use the following chart to check off each chapter as you read it.


The Gospel Of John:

 

            _____1            _____5                        _____9                        _____13          _____17

 

            _____2            _____6                        _____10                      _____14          _____18

 

            _____3            _____7                        _____11                      _____15          _____19

 

            _____4            _____8                        _____12                      _____16          _____20


























THE SHORT SCHEDULE


The short schedule of Bible reading is designed to provide a basic knowledge of the Bible through selected portions of Scripture. Read the selected portions in the order in which they are listed. Use the chart to check off each portion as you complete your reading.


THE NEW TESTAMENT:


            _____John                  _____I Thessalonians _____Ephesians

 

            _____Mark                 _____I Corinthians                 _____II Timothy

 

            _____Luke                 _____Romans             _____I Peter

 

            _____Acts                  _____Philemon                      _____I John

 

            _____Romans _____Philippians                    _____Revelation 1-5; 19:6-22:21

 

THE OLD TESTAMENT:

 

            ______Genesis                                               _____Amos

 

            ______Exodus l-20                                        _____Isaiah l-12

 

            ______Numbers 10:11-21:35             _____Jeremiah l-25;39-33

 

            ______Deuteronomy l-ll                                _____Ruth

 

            ______Joshua l-12; 22-24                              _____Jonah

 

            ______Judges l-3                                           _____Psalms l-23

 

            ______I Samuel l-3, 9-10,1 3,15-18,31         _____Job 1-14, 38-42

 

            ______II Samuel l                                          _____Proverbs 1-9

 

            ______I Kings l-ll                                          _____Daniel 1-6 

            ______Nehemiah 

THE LONGER SCHEDULE


This reading plan covers the Bible in greater depth than the Short Schedule, but it does not cover the entire Bible.


NEW TESTAMENT:


            _____Mark                             _____Philippians


            _____Matthew                       _____Ephesians


            _____John                              _____II Timothy


            _____Luke                             _____Titus


            _____Acts                              _____I Timothy


            _____I Thessalonians _____I Peter


            _____II Thessalonians            _____Hebrews


            _____I Corinthians                 _____James


            _____II Corinthians               _____I John


            _____Galatians                       _____II John


            _____Romans             _____III John


            _____Philemon                      _____Jude

 

            _____Colossians                    _____II Peter 

                                                            _____Revelation 1-5 and 19:6-22:21











(The Longer Schedule Continued)

OLD TESTAMENT:

 

            _____Genesis                                                 _____Jeremiah 1-25 and 30-33


            _____Exodus (l-24)                                        _____Nahum


            _____Leviticus l-6:7                                      _____Habakkuk


            _____Numbers 10:11-21:35                           _____Ezekiel 1-24 and 33-39


            _____Deuteronomy l-ll and 27-34                 _____Obadiah


            _____Joshua l-12 and 22-24                                       _____Lamentations


            _____Judges l-16                                           _____Isaiah 40-66


            _____I Samuel                                               _____Zechariah 1-8


            _____II Samuel                                              _____Malachi


            _____I Kings                                                  _____Joel


            _____II Kings                                     _____Ruth


            _____I Chronicles                                          _____Jonah


            _____II Chronicles                                         _____Psalms


            _____Ezra                                                      _____Job


            _____Nehemiah                                             _____Proverbs 1-9


            _____Amos                                                    _____Song of Solomon


            _____Hosea                                                    _____Ecclesiastes


            _____Micah                                                   _____Esther


            _____Isaiah l-12                                             _____Daniel


            _____Zephaniah



THE COMPLETE SCHEDULE


The complete Bible reading schedule takes you through the entire Bible in one year.


            January                                                         February



_____1.           Genesis l-2                              _____1.           Exodus 14-17

_____2.           Genesis 3-5                             _____2.           Exodus 18-20

_____3.           Genesis 6-9                             _____3.           Exodus 21-24

_____4.           Genesis 10-11             _____4.           Exodus 25-27

_____5.           Genesis 12-15             _____5.           Exodus 28-31

_____6.           Genesis 16-19             _____6.           Exodus 32-34

_____7.           Genesis 20-22             _____7.           Exodus 35-37

_____8.           Genesis 23-26             _____8.           Exodus 38-40

_____9.           Genesis 27-29             _____9.           Leviticus 1-4

_____10.         Genesis 30-32             _____10.         Leviticus 5-7

_____11.         Genesis 33-36             _____11.         Leviticus 8-10

_____12.         Genesis 37-39             _____12.         Leviticus 11-13

_____13.         Genesis 40-42             _____13.         Leviticus 14-16

_____14.         Genesis 43-46             _____14.         Leviticus 17-19

_____15.         Genesis 47-50             _____15.         Leviticus 20-23

_____16.         Job 1-4                                    _____16.         Leviticus 24-27

_____17.         Job 5-7                                    _____17.         Numbers 1-3

_____18.         Job 8-10                                  _____18.         Numbers 4-6

_____19.         Job ll-13                                  _____19.         Numbers 7-10

_____20.         Job 14-17                                _____20.         Numbers 11-14

_____21.         Job 18-20                                _____21.         Numbers 15-17

_____22.         Job 21-24                                _____22.         Numbers 18-20

_____23.         Job 25-27                                _____23.         Numbers 21-24

_____24.         Job 28-31                                _____24.         Numbers 25-27

_____25.         Job 32-34                                _____25.         Numbers 28-30

_____26.         Job 35-37                                _____26.         Numbers 31-33

_____27.         Job 38-42                                _____27.         Numbers 34-36

_____28.         Exodus l-4                              _____28.         Deuteronomy 1-3

_____29.         Exodus 5-7

_____30.         Exodus 8-10

_____31.         Exodus 11-13








(The Complete Schedule Continued)


            March                                                            April


_____1.           Deuteronomy 4-6                   _____1.           I Samuel 21-24

_____2.           Deuteronomy 7-9                   _____2.           I Samuel 25-28

_____3.           Deuteronomy 10-12               _____3.           I Samuel 29-31

_____4.           Deuteronomy 13-16               _____4.           II Samuel 1-4

_____5.           Deuteronomy 17-19               _____5.           II Samuel 5-8

_____6.           Deuteronomy 20-22               _____6.           II Samuel 9-12

_____7.           Deuteronomy 23-25               _____7.           II Samuel 13-15

_____8.           Deuteronomy 26-28               _____8.           II Samuel 16-18

_____9.           Deuteronomy 29-31               _____9.           II Samuel 19-21

_____10.         Deuteronomy 32-34               _____10.         II Samuel 22-24

_____11.         Joshua 1-3                              _____11.         Psalms l-3

_____12.         Joshua 4-6                              _____12.         Psalms 4-6

_____13.         Joshua 7-9                              _____13.         Psalms 7-9

_____14.         Joshua 10-12                           _____14.         Psalms 10-12

_____15.         Joshua 13-15                           _____15.         Psalms 13-15

_____16.         Joshua 16-18                           _____16.         Psalms 16-18

_____17.         Joshua 19-21                           _____17.         Psalms 19-21

_____18.         Joshua 22-24                           _____18.         Psalms 22-24

_____19.         Judges 1-4                              _____19.         Psalms 25-27

_____20.         Judges 5-8                              _____20.         Psalms 28-30

_____21.         Judges 9-12                            _____21.         Psalms 31-33

_____22.         Judges 13-15                           _____22.         Psalms 34-36

_____23.         Judges 16-18                           _____23.         Psalms 37-39

_____24.         Judges 19-21                           _____24.         Psalms 40-42

_____25.         Ruth 1-4                                  _____25.         Psalms 43-45

_____26.         I Samuel 1-3                           _____26.         Psalms 46-48

_____27.         I Samuel 4-7                           _____27.         Psalms 49-51

_____28.         I Samuel 8-10                                     _____28.         Psalms 52-54

_____29.         I Samuel ll-13                         _____29.         Psalms 55-57

_____30.         I Samuel 14-16                       _____30.         Psalms 58-60

_____31.         I Samuel 17-20









(The Complete Schedule Continued)


            May                                                                June



_____1.           Psalms 61-63              _____1.           Proverbs 1-3

_____2.           Psalms 64-66              _____2.           Proverbs 4-7

_____3.           Psalms 67-69              _____3.           Proverbs 8-11

_____4.           Psalms 70-72              _____4.           Proverbs 12-14

_____5.           Psalms 73-75              _____5.           Proverbs 15-18

_____6.           Psalms 76-78              _____6.           Proverbs 19-21

_____7.           Psalms 79-81              _____7.           Proverbs 22-24

_____8.           Psalms 82-84              _____8.           Proverbs 25-28

_____9.           Psalms 85-87              _____9.           Proverbs 29-31

_____10.         Psalms 88-90              _____10.         Ecclesiastes 1-3

_____11.         Psalms 91-93              _____11.         Ecclesiastes 4-6

_____12.         Psalms 94-96              _____12.         Ecclesiastes 7-9

_____13.         Psalms 97-99              _____13.         Ecclesiastes 10-12

_____14.         Psalms 100-102          _____14.         Songs 1-4

_____15.         Psalms 103-105          _____15.         Songs 5-8

_____16.         Psalms 106-108          _____16.         I Kings 5-7

_____17.         Psalms 109-111          _____17.         I Kings 8-10

_____18.         Psalms 112-114          _____18.         I Kings 11-13

_____19.         Psalms 115-118          _____19.         I Kings 14-16

_____20.         Psalms 119                 _____20.         I Kings 17-19

_____21.         Psalms 120-123          _____21.         I Kings 20-22

_____22.         Psalms 124-126          _____22.         II Kings 1-3

_____23.         Psalms 127-129          _____23.         II Kings 4-6

_____24.         Psalms 130-132          _____24.         II Kings 7-10

_____25.         Psalms 133-135          _____25.         II Kings 11-14:20

_____26.         Psalms 136-138          _____26.         Joel 1-3

_____27.         Psalms 139-141          _____27.         II Kings 14:21-25; Jonah 1-4

_____28.         Psalms 142-144          _____28.         II Kings 14:26-29; Amos 1-3

_____29.         Psalms 145-147          _____29.         Amos 4-6

_____30.         Psalms 148-150          _____30.         Amos 7-9

_____31.         I Kings l-4

                    








(The Complete Schedule Continued)



            July                                                                            August



_____1.           II Kings 15-17            _____1.           II Kings 20-21

_____2.           Hosea l-4                    _____2.           Zephaniah l-3

_____3.           Hosea 5-7                   _____3.           Habakkuk 1-3

_____4.           Hosea 8-10                 _____4.           II Kings 22-25

_____5.           Hosea ll-14                 _____5.           Obadiah/Jeremiah 1-2

_____6.           II Kings 18-19            _____6.           Jeremiah 3-5

_____7.           Isaiah l-3                     _____7.           Jeremiah 6-8

_____8.           Isaiah 4-6                    _____8.           Jeremiah 9-12

_____9.           Isaiah 7-9                    _____9.           Jeremiah 13-16

_____10.         Isaiah 10-12                _____10.         Jeremiah 17-20

_____11.         Isaiah 13-15                _____11.         Jeremiah 21-23

_____12.         Isaiah 16-18                _____12.         Jeremiah 24-26

_____13.         Isaiah 19-21                _____13.         Jeremiah 27-29

_____14.         Isaiah 22-24                _____14.         Jeremiah 30-32

_____15.         Isaiah 25-27                _____15.         Jeremiah 33-36

_____16.         Isaiah 28-30                _____16.         Jeremiah 37-39

_____17.         Isaiah 31-33                _____17.         Jeremiah 40-42

_____18.         Isaiah 34-36                _____18.         Jeremiah 43-46

_____19.         Isaiah 37-39                _____19.         Jeremiah 47-49

_____20.         Isaiah 40-42                _____20.         Jeremiah 50-52

_____21.         Isaiah 43-45                _____21.         Lamentations 1-5

_____22.         Isaiah 46-48                _____22.         I Chronicles 1-3

_____23.         Isaiah 49-51                _____23.         I Chronicles 4-6

_____24.         Isaiah 52-54                _____24.         I Chronicles 7-9

_____25.         Isaiah 55-57                _____25.         I Chronicles 10-13

_____26.         Isaiah 58-60                _____26.         I Chronicles 14-16

_____27.         Isaiah 61-63                _____27.         I Chronicles 17-19

_____28.         Isaiah 64-66                _____28.         I Chronicles 20-23

_____29.         Micah 1-4                   _____29.         I Chronicles 24-26

_____30.         Micah 5-7                   _____30.         I Chronicles 27-29

_____31.         Nahum 1-3                  _____31.         II Chronicles 1-3







(The Complete Schedule Continued)



            September                                                                 October



_____1.           II Chronicles 4-6                    _____1.           Esther 4-7

_____2.           II Chronicles 7-9                    _____2.           Esther 8-10

_____3.           II Chronicles 10-13                _____3.           Ezra 1-4

_____4.           II Chronicles 14-16                _____4.           Haggai 1-2/Zechariah 1-2

_____5.           II Chronicles 17-19                _____5.           Zechariah 1-2

_____6.           II Chronicles 20-22                _____6.           Zechariah 3-6

_____7.           II Chronicles 23-25                _____7.           Zechariah 7-10

_____8.           II Chronicles 26-29                _____8.           Ezra 5-7

_____9.           II Chronicles 30-32                _____9.           Ezra 8-10

_____10.         II Chronicles 33-36                _____10.         Nehemiah l-3

_____11.         Ezekiel 1-3                             _____11.         Nehemiah 4-6

_____12.         Ezekiel 4-7                             _____12.         Nehemiah 7-9

_____13.         Ezekiel 8-11                           _____13.         Nehemiah 10-13

_____14.         Ezekiel 12-14                         _____14.         Malachi l-4

_____15.         Ezekiel 15-18                         _____15.         Matthew 1-4

_____16.         Ezekiel 19-21                         _____16.         Matthew 5-7

_____17.         Ezekiel 22-24                         _____17.         Matthew 8-11

_____18.         Ezekiel 25-27                         _____18.         Matthew 12-15

_____19.         Ezekiel 28-30                         _____19.         Matthew 16-19

_____20.         Ezekiel 31-33                         _____20.         Matthew 20-22

_____21.         Ezekiel 34-36                         _____21.         Matthew 23-25

_____22.         Ezekiel 37-39                         _____22.         Matthew 26-28

_____23.         Ezekiel 40-42                         _____23.         Mark l-3

_____24.         Ezekiel 43-45                         _____24.         Mark 4-6

_____25.         Ezekiel 46-48                         _____25.         Mark 7-10

_____26.         Daniel 1-3                               _____26.         Mark ll-13

_____27.         Daniel 4-6                               _____27.         Mark 14-16

_____28.         Daniel 7-9                               _____28.         Luke l-3

_____29.         Daniel 10-12                           _____29.         Luke 4-6

_____30.         Esther l-3                                _____30.         Luke 7-9

                                                                        _____31.         Luke 10-13

                                          




                                          



(The Complete Schedule Continued)



            November                                                      December

 


_____1.           Luke 14-17                 _____1.           Romans 5-8

_____2.           Luke 18-21                 _____2.           Romans 9-11

_____3.           Luke 22-24                 _____3.           Romans 12-16

_____4.           John 1-3                      _____4.           Acts 20:3-22

_____5.           John 4-6                      _____5.           Acts 23-25

_____6.           John 7-10                    _____6.           Acts 26-28

_____7.           John 11-13                  _____7.           Ephesians 1-3

_____8.           John 14-17                  _____8.           Ephesians 4-6

_____9.           John 18-21                  _____9.           Philippians 1-4

_____10.         Acts 1-2                      _____10.         Colossians 1-4

_____11.         Acts 3-5                      _____11.         Hebrews 1-4

_____12.         Acts 6-9                      _____12.         Hebrews 5-7

_____13.         Acts 10-12                  _____13.         Hebrews 8-10

_____14.         Acts 13-14                  _____14.         Hebrews 11-13

_____15.         James 1-2                    _____15.         Philemon/I Peter 1-2

_____16.         James 3-5                    _____16.         I Peter 3-5

_____17.         Galatians l-3               _____17.         II Peter 1-3

_____18.         Galatians 4-6              _____18.         I Timothy l-3

_____19.         Acts 15-18:11 _____19.         I Timothy 4-6

_____20.         I Thessalonians l-5     _____20.         Titus l-3

_____21.         II Thessalonians l-3     _____21.        II Timothy l-4

_____22.         I Corinthians 1-4        _____22.         I John l-2; Acts 18:12-19:10

_____23.         I John 3-5                   _____23.         I Corinthians 5-8

_____24.         II John, III John          _____24.         I Corinthians 9-12

_____25.         Revelation 1-3, Jude   _____25.         I Corinthians 13-16

_____26.         Revelation 4-6            _____26.         Acts 19:11-20:1; II Corinthians 1-3

_____27.         Revelation 7-9            _____27.         II Corinthians 4-6

_____28.         Revelation 10-12        _____28.         II Corinthians 7-9

_____29.         Revelation 13-15        _____29.         II Corinthians 10-13

_____30.         Revelation 16-18        _____30.         Acts 20:2/Romans 1-4

_____31.         Revelation 19-22









SELF-TEST


1. Write the Key Verse from memory.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. How many books are in the Old Testament?


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. How many books are in the New Testament?


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. Why is it important to have a systematic plan for reading the Bible?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. What were the four suggestions for successful Bible reading?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________







(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


-Review the descriptions of each book of the Bible given in this chapter.

-Write the name of each book of the Bible below.

-By the name of each book summarize its basic content in three or four words.

-The first two are done as examples for you to follow.

(By condensing material in this manner you will be able to develop a general knowledge of the content of the entire Bible.)


Name Of Book                      Content


Genesis                       Book of beginnings

______________________________________________________________________________

Exodus                        Exit from Egypt

______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________












CHAPTER THREE


VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Write the Key Verse from memory.

          Name the three languages in which the Bible was written.

          Define the word "version."

          Explain the difference between a translation and a paraphrase version of the Bible.


KEY VERSE:

 

The Lord gave the Word: great was the company of those that published it. (Psalms 68:11)


INTRODUCTION


This chapter identifies the original languages in which the Bible was written and explains how the Scriptures have been translated into other languages. You will learn the difference between a translation and a paraphrase version of the Bible. Examples from various versions of the Bible are provided.


THREE LANGUAGES


The Bible was originally written in three languages. Most of the Old Testament was written in Hebrew except for parts of the books of Daniel and Nehemiah which were written in Aramaic. The New Testament was written in Greek.


None of the original manuscripts of the Bible are now in existence. Some good manuscripts exist which are copies of the original. Versions are translations of these copies of the original manuscripts. From early times men saw the necessity of translating the Bible so everyone could read it in their own language.


No translation is exact because no two languages are exactly alike. Some words used in the Bible do not even exist in different languages. For example, there is a tribe of Indians in Ecuador, South America, called the Auca Indians. When missionaries first contacted them, these Indians did not know how to read or write. There were no words in their language for "writing" or "book."


The Auca Indians did have a custom of carving identification marks on their property. Since there were no words in their language for scriptures, writing, or book, when the Bible was translated for them it was called "God's Carving." This identified it as something belonging to God. This is just one example of the difficulties in translating the Bible into various languages.


TRANSLATIONS AND PARAPHRASES


There are many different versions of the Bible. The word "version" means a Bible written in a language different from those in which God's Word was originally written. There are two main types of versions of the Bible: Translations and paraphrases.


TRANSLATION:


A translation is an effort to express what the Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic words actually say. It gives as nearly as possible a literal word by word translation. Extra words are inserted only when it is necessary in order for the reader to understand the meaning.


PARAPHRASE:


A paraphrase does not attempt to translate word for word. It translates thought by thought. A paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a passage. Paraphrase versions are easier to read and understand because they are written in modern vocabulary and grammar, but they are not an exact translation of God's Word.


The "For Further Study" section of this chapter provides examples from several English versions of the Bible for you to compare. These illustrate the differences in translation and paraphrase versions.


SELECTING A STUDY BIBLE


For purposes of this course and Bible study in general, we recommend use of the King James version of the Bible. There are several reasons for this:


FIRST:


The King James Bible is very accurate and a good translation for serious study. A paraphrase version does not contain the exact word-by-word translation of Scriptures.



SECOND:


There are more study tools available for the King James version. There are a large number of concordances, dictionaries, and commentaries written for the King James text.


THIRD:


The King James version is available in more languages than any other version. Since Harvestime International Institute courses are used throughout the world, we selected this version of the Bible because it is available in many languages. It is important to have a Bible in your native tongue because you think and understand best in your own language.


If you do not have a King James version of the Bible write to the American Bible Society at P.O. Box 5601, Grand Central Station, New York, New York 10164, U.S.A. They have a complete listing of all the languages in which the King James version of the Bible is available. If you find the King James Version is not available in your language or have difficulty in obtaining a Bible, write to the United Bible Societies, Bible House, P.O. Box 755, Stuttgart l, Germany. They maintain a list of "Scriptures of the World" which identifies all the languages in the world in which at least one book of the Bible has been published.


If you read English but have a limited vocabulary, you may be interested in obtaining the "Bible in Basic English." This is the entire Old and New Testament written in English using only a basic 1,000 word vocabulary. Write to Cambridge University Press, New York, New York, U.S.A. for further information.


RED LETTER EDITIONS


Several versions of the Bible come in what are called "red letter editions." In red letter editions of the Bible the words of Jesus are printed in red. The rest of the text of the Bible is printed in black ink.


If a red letter edition of the King James version is available in your language, we suggest you obtain it. What Jesus taught is one of the major focuses of Harvestime International Institute training and a red-letter edition emphasizes His teachings.


A SUMMARY


The following chart summarizes how the various versions of the Bible developed:








The Bible:

Inspired By God


 


Revealed To Holy Men Who Wrote God's Words

In Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic


 


Interpreted Into Various Languages

Resulting In


 


Exact Translations And Paraphrase Versions Of The Bible























SELF-TEST


1. Write the Key Verse from memory.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. What does the word "version" mean?


_____________________________________________________________________________


3. What is the difference between a translation and a paraphrase version of the Bible?


_____________________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________


4. What version of the Bible is used in this course?


_____________________________________________________________________________

5. Why is no translation of the Bible exact?


_____________________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________


6. What are the three languages in which the Bible was originally written?


_____________________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________




(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


We have selected the text of John 3:16 to illustrate the difference between the different versions of the Bible. The versions listed are the most popular English versions of the Bible.


King James Version: For God so loved the world that He gave his only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.


New King James Version: For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.


Revised Standard Version: For God so loved the world that He gave His only Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life.


Living Bible: For God loved the world so much that He gave His only Son so that anyone who believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.


New American Standard Bible: For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.


New English Bible: God loved the world so much that He gave His only Son, that everyone who has faith in Him may not die but have eternal life.


Amplified Version: For God so greatly loved and dearly prized the world that He (even) gave up His only-begotten (unique) Son, so that whoever believes in (trusts, clings to, relies on) Him shall not perish-come to destruction, be lost-but have eternal (everlasting) life.


Phillips: For God loved the world so much that He gave His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him should not be lost, but should have eternal life.


Wurst: For in such a manner did God love the world, insomuch that His Son, the uniquely-begotten One, He gave, in order that everyone who places his trust in Him may not perish but may be having life eternal.


Moffat: For God loved the world so dearly that He gave up His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him may have eternal life instead of perishing.








CHAPTER FOUR


AN INTRODUCTION TO OUTLINING



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Write the Key Verse from memory.

          Define the term "outline."

          Read an outline.

          Create an outline.


KEY VERSE:

 

Moreover He said unto me, Son of man, all my words that I shall speak unto thee receive in thine heart and hear with thine ears. (Ezekiel 3:10)


INTRODUCTION


Basic Bible Survey I” includes an outline of each Old Testament book of the Bible. The outlines provide an overview of the general content of God's Word. More detailed outlines are given in “Basic Bible Survey II” for the Gospels, Acts, and the Epistles due to the special focus of Harvestime International Institute. The Institute emphasizes what Jesus taught and the results when His teachings were put into action in the early church.


The outlines in this course summarize only the general content of each book of the Bible. When you complete this general survey you should go back and study each book in more detail. These outlines are only a starting point for you to develop more detailed notes for each book of the Bible. To do this you must know how to create a proper outline.


OUTLINING


An outline is a method of organizing study notes. It puts information in summary form for use in future ministry and study. An outline helps you "hear with your ear and receive in your heart" the Word of God (Ezekiel 3:10). An outline centers on a selected subject. This subject becomes the title of the outline. We have used the names of Bible books as outline titles in this course because they are the subjects of study.


The main points in the outline tell something about the subject. There are also sub-points which tell something about the main points. The prefix "sub" means they relate to (tell something about) the main point. They provide more detailed information about the main points.


There are many ways to outline. We have selected one which uses special numbers called Roman numerals for the main points. If you are not familiar with Roman numerals a list is provided in the "For Further Study" section of this chapter. Subpoints on the outline are shown with capital letters of the alphabet. If there are further points under these, they are shown with regular numbers.


Study the following example of an outline:


The Title Is Placed Here


I.         This is the Roman numeral for l used for the first main point.


            A.        This is a capital letter used for a subpoint relating to the main point.

                        1.         If there was a further subpoint relating to this, it would be marked with                                     the number l.

                        2.         If there are other points relating back to subpoint A, continue to place                                     them in numerical order.


            B.        Main point I may have several subpoints. If so, continue down through the                         alphabet using capital letters in order. Each one of these should relate to the                         main point.


II.        To present another main point, use the next Roman numeral.


            A.        Subpoints follow the same pattern under every main point.


EXPANDING THE OUTLINES


As an example of how you can expand the general outlines given in this course, we have selected Romans 12:1-2. First read the verses:

 

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

 

And be not conformed to this world; but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good and acceptable, and perfect will of God. (Romans 12:1-2)


Here is the outline developed from the verses:


Steps For Finding God's Will


I.         Present your bodies a living sacrifice:


            A.        Holy.

            B.        Acceptable unto God.


II.        Be not conformed to this world:


            A.        Be transformed.


                        1.         We are transformed by the renewing of our minds.

             

III.       These steps will help us prove or find the will of God which is:


            A.        Good.

            B.        Acceptable.

            C.        Perfect.



You can see how this outline clearly summarizes the steps to God's will given in Romans 12:1-2.


You will never complete your outline study of God's Word. The Holy Spirit will constantly give you new understanding about the Word which you will want to add to your outlines.




















SELF-TEST



1. Write the Key Verse from memory.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. What is an outline?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. Turn to the outline on Genesis in this study. Can you read and understand the information in this outline form?


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. How are the main points on an outline indicated?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. How are subpoints under a main point indicated?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


l. Subpoints are where you can add details to expand the simple outlines given in this course. For example, turn to the outline on the book of Daniel on page 174. The first main point is entitled "Introductory Background: The Reasons for Daniel's Prosperity" and covers chapter l verses l-21. Read through these verses and identify the reasons for his success. List these as subpoints under this main point.


2. The following list of Roman Numerals will assist you in creating and expanding outlines:

 

            Numbers                                            Roman Numerals

            1                                                          I

            2                                                          II

            3                                                          III

            4                                                          IV

            5                                                          V

            6                                                          VI

            7                                                          VII

            8                                                          VIII

            9                                                          IX

            10                                                        X

            11                                                        XI

            12                                                        XII

            13                                                        XIII

            14                                                        XIV

            15                                                        XV

            16                                                        XVI

            17                                                        XVII

            18                                                        XVIII

            19                                                        XIX

            20                                                        XX

            30                                                        XXX

            40                                                        XL

            50                                                        L

            60                                                        LX

            70                                                        LXX

            80                                                        LXXX

            90                                                        XC

            100                                                      C




THE OLD TESTAMENT


INTRODUCTION TO THE


BOOKS OF LAW


In previous chapters you learned that the Bible is the written Word of God. You learned it is divided into two major sections called the Old Testament and the New Testament. You learned the four divisions of the Old Testament books: Law, History, Poetry, Prophecy. You also learned the four divisions of the New Testament books: Gospels, History, Letters, and Prophecy.


With this lesson you begin a basic survey of the books which make up the major divisions you have learned about. There are 39 books in the Old Testament. We will start our survey with the books of law:


THE BOOKS OF LAW


The books of law were written by Moses and they span a period of 600 years. The books of law consist of five books:


Genesis: Records the beginning of the universe, man, the Sabbath, marriage, sin, sacrifice, nations, and government. Also records the stories of key men of God: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph.


Exodus: Details how Israel became a nation with Moses as leader. Israel is delivered from bondage in Egypt and journeys to Mt. Sinai where the law of God is given.


Leviticus: This book was a manual of worship for Israel. It provides instruction to the religious leaders and explains how a sinful people can approach a righteous God. It points also to the coming of Jesus Christ as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world.


Numbers: Records Israel's 40 years of wandering in the wilderness as a result of disobedience to God. The title of the book is from two "numberings" or population census taken during the long journey.


Deuteronomy: Records the close of Moses' life and reviews the laws given in Exodus and Leviticus.



CHAPTER FIVE


GENESIS



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Genesis.

          Identify to whom the book of Genesis was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Genesis.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Genesis from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Genesis.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Moses


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: To preserve the historical background of Israel and the record of creation, sin, redemption, and God's first dealings with man.


KEY VERSE: Genesis 3:15


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLES: God's plan from the beginning included all nations. God begins new things with people.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Enoch, Esau, Jacob (Israel), Enoch, Abraham, Isaac, Joseph


OUTLINE


I.         The history of humanity: 1:1-11:26


            A.        Creation: 1:1-2:25

            B.        The fall of man: 3:1-4:26

                        l.         Adam and Eve: 3:1-24

                        2.         Cain and Abel: 4:1-26

            C.        Genealogy from the fall to the flood: 5:1-32

            D.        The flood: 6:1-9:29

                        l.         The wickedness of man: 6:1-4

                        2.         God's decision: 6:5-7

                        3.         Noah: 6:8-10

                        4.         God speaks to Noah: 6:11-21

                        5.         Noah's response: 6:22

                        6.         God speaks to Noah: 7:1-4

                        7.         Noah's response: 7:5-16

                        8.         Life in the ark: 7:17-24

                        9.         Release from the ark: 8:1-19

                        10.       God's covenant: 9:1-17

                        ll.        Generations of Noah: 9:18-19

                        12.       Sins of Noah's family: 9:20-29

            E.        From the flood to Abraham: 10:1-11:26

                        l.         Generations of the sons of Noah: 10:1-32

                        2.         The tower of Babel: 11:1-9

                        3.         Generations of Shem: 11:10-26

                        4.         Generations of Terah: 11:27-32


II.        The patriarchal history of Israel: 11:27-50:26


            A.        Abraham: 11:27-25:10

                        1.         Abraham's birth and ancestry: 11:26-30

                        2.         His wanderings: 11:31-13:1

                                    (a)       From Ur to Haran: 11:31-32

                                    (b)       From Haran to Canaan: 12:1-9

                                    (c)       To Egypt and back: 12:10-13:1

                        3.         Abraham and Lot: 13:2-14:24

                                    (a)       Dispute and division: 13:2-13

                                    (b)       God's promise to Abraham: 13:14-18

                                    (c)       Lot captured by the kings of the east: 14:1-24

                        4.         The covenant: 15:1-20

                        5.         Ishmael: 16:1-16

                        6.         Circumcision: 17:1-27

                        7.         A promised son: 18:1-15

                        8.         Sodom and Gomorrah: 18:16-19:38

                        9.         Abraham visits Abimelech: 20:1-18

                        10.       Isaac born and Ishmael driven out: 21:1-21

                        ll.        Abraham and Abimelech: 21:22-34

                        12.       Proposed sacrifice of Isaac: 22:1-19

                        13.       The death and burial of Sarah: 23:1-20

                        14.       Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah: 24:1-67

                        15.       Abraham and Keturah: 25:1-6

                        16.       Abraham's death and burial 25:7-10

            B.        Isaac: 25:11-35:29

                        1.         Birth of Isaac: 21:1-8

                        2.         Marriage to Rebekah: 24

                        3.         Isaac and his sons: 25:19-35:29

                        4.         Covenant renewed: 26:1-5

                        5.         Deception of Abimelech: 26:6-33

                        6.         Marriage to Judith and Bashemath: 26:34-35

                        7.         Isaac deceived by Jacob: 27:1-45

                        8.         Jacob's flight to Haran: 27:46-28:5

                        9.         Death of Isaac: 35:27-29

            C.        Jacob: 28:10-36:43

                        l.         His birth: 25:19-26

                        2.         Rivalry between Jacob and Esau: 25:27-45

                                    (a)       The birthright: 25:27-34

                                    (b)       The blessing: 27:1-45

                        3.         The flight to Haran: 27:46-29:14

                        4.         Jacob's marriages to Leah and Rachel: 29:15-30

                        5.         Life in Haran: 29:31-30:43

                        6.         Return to Canaan: 31:1-55

                        7.         Preparations to meet Esau: 32:1-23

                        8.         Jacob's wrestling match: 32:24-32

                        9.         Peace with Esau: 33:1-17

                        10.       Jacob and his family in Canaan: 33:18-45:28

                        ll.        Jacob's final days and death: 46:1-50:14

            D.        Joseph: 37:1-50:26

                        l.         Joseph's early life: 37:1-36

                                    (a)       His coat: 37:1-4

                                    (b)       His dreams: 37:5-11

                                    (c)       Sold into slavery: 37:12-36

                                    (d)       The sin of Judah: 38:1-30

                        2.         Joseph the slave: 39:1-40:23

                                    (a)       In Potiphar's house: 39:1-20

                                    (b)       In prison: 39:21-40:23

                        3.         Joseph the prime minister: 41:1-45:28

                                    (a)       Preparation for famine: 41:1-57

                                    (b)       Joseph and his brothers: 42:1-45:28

                                    (c)       Joseph and his family in Egypt: 46:1-50:21

                                    (d)       Joseph's death: 50:22-26






SELF-TEST



1. Who was the author of the book of Genesis?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Genesis.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Genesis written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principles of the book of Genesis.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Genesis.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________






(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. The name "Genesis" means beginnings. This book contains the record of the beginning of:


            -The world: 1:1-25

            -Humanity: 1:26-2

            -Sin: 3:1-7

            -Salvation: 3:8-24

            -Families: 4:1-15

            -Civilization: 4:16-9

            -Nations: 10:1-11:32

            -The Jewish nation: 12:50


2. Genesis is divided into two major segments: Chapters 1-11 cover four major events. Chapters 12-50 cover four major people.


3. Study chapters 1-2 and complete the following chart:


            Day                 What God Created


            1

            2

            3

            4

            5

            6

            7


4. In chapters 3-9 what do you learn about the following:


            -Tactics of the enemy (Satan...the serpent):____________________________________

            -Eve's progression into sin:_________________________________________________

            -The consequences of sin entering the world:__________________________________             -God's judgment by the flood:_______________________________________________


5. For chapters 12-50: Identify the four major characters and study their lives in depth, drawing spiritual applications to your own life. Also study the word "covenant" which is used extensively in this section.






CHAPTER SIX


EXODUS



OBJECTIVES


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Exodus.

          Identify to whom the book of Exodus was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Exodus.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Exodus from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Exodus.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Moses


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: To record the deliverance of Israel from slavery and document their purpose for existence as a nation.


KEY VERSE: 12:13


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Salvation comes only through the blood of the Lamb of God, Jesus.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Moses, Aaron, Pharaoh, Miriam, Jethro


OUTLINE


I.         The nation of Israel in Egypt: 1:1-12:36


            A.        Egyptian bondage: 1:1-22

            B.        God prepares a deliverer: Moses: 2:1-4:31

            C.        The dialogue with Pharaoh: 5:1-11:10

            D.        The Passover: 12:1-30

            E.        Deliverance from Egypt: 12:31-36


II.        Israel in the wilderness: 12:37-18:27


            A.        The Exodus and the pursuit by the Egyptians: 12:37-15:21

            B.        The journey to Sinai: 15:22-17:16

            C.        The visit of Jethro: 18:1-27


III.       Israel at Sinai: 19:1-40:38


            A.        The giving of the law: 19:1-25

            B.        Laws governing moral life: 19-22

            C.        Laws governing social life: 22-23

            D.        Laws governing religious life: 24:1-31:18

            E.        The tabernacle: 24:12-40:38

                        l.         The tabernacle designed: Instructions concerning the tabernacle and the                                     priests: 24:12-31:18

                        2.         The tabernacle delayed: The golden calf and renewal of the covenant:                                     32:1-34:35

                        3.         The tabernacle completed: Erection of the tabernacle and institution of                                     the priesthood: 35:1-40:38

























SELF-TEST



1. Who was the author of the book of Exodus?


________________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Exodus.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Exodus written?


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Exodus.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Exodus.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY



1. God sent ten plagues on Egypt in the process of making Pharaoh willing to release Israel from slavery:


            -Blood: 7:14-25

            -Frogs: 8:1-15

            -Lice: 8:16-19

            -Flies: 8:20-32

            -Murrain: 9:1-7

            -Boils: 9:8-12

            -Hail: 9:13-35

            -Locusts: 10:1-20

            -Darkness: 10:21-29

            -Death: 11:1-10, 12:29-36


2. Exodus 20:1-17 records the best known of Old Testament law, the Ten Commandments.


3. One of the important subjects in Exodus is the plan for the tabernacle. The diagram on the next page shows the plan God gave Moses for this holy place of worship.


The tabernacle was important because it was the place of worship and sacrifice for Israel, but the tabernacle was also a spiritual type. This means that each part of the tabernacle was symbolic of a greater spiritual truth.


The courtyard around the tabernacle measured 150 feet by 75 feet. It is a symbol of the world.


The altar of burnt offering was 7 l/2 feet square and 4 l/2 feet high. Sacrifices were burned here which symbolized the sacrifice of Jesus for the sins of the world.


The laver was a large basin where the priests washed their hands and feet before going into the Holy Place. It is a symbol of Christian baptism.


The Holy Place measured 30 by 15 feet. It symbolizes the church separated from the world (the court) and entered by way of Christ's sacrifice (the altar) and baptism (the laver).


The table of shewbread is a symbol of the Lord's Supper (or communion, as it is called in some denominations).


The candlestick provided light for the Holy Place. It is a symbol of God's Word.


The altar of incense was the place where incense was burned. The sweet smelling smoke ascended to God as a symbol of the prayers of His people.


The veil was a curtain between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place. It symbolized the separation between God and man.


The Most Holy Place was 15 feet long, wide, and high. It was a perfect cube shape and is a symbol of heaven. It was the dwelling place of God's presence.


The ark of the covenant was a wooden chest covered with gold. It had a lid decorated with two golden cherubim. The ark contained the Ten Commandments which symbolized God's government, a dish of manna which recalled God's provision, and Aaron's rod which was a reminder of God's power among His people. Once a year the high priest sprinkled the top of the ark with blood which was a symbol of Christ's blood by which we are cleansed from sin.


The Tabernacle




                      ☐5



☐10 ☐7 4

       9 8

                    ❢ 6

                                                      N

                                 ↕

 ❂3 ☐ 2 1 1











 

1.         The court yard.

2.         The altar of burnt offering.

3.         The laver

4.         The Holy Place

5.         The table of shewbread.

6.         The candlestick.

7.         The altar of incense.

8.         The veil between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place.

9.         The Most Holy Place.

10.       The Ark of the Covenant.






Holy Days



Study the references in Column One and complete the chart. The first one is done as an example for you to follow. These are the Holy Days which God ordained for the nation of Israel to observe.


Passages                                             Holy Days                         Date                            Purpose Of Observance

 

Leviticus 23:3             Sabbath                       7th                  Rest from labor; worship

Exodus 20:8-ll                                                            Day 

Deuteronomy 5:12-15                                    Weekly

 

Leviticus 23:5             Passover                     1/14

Numbers 28:16

Deuteronomy 16:1-2

 

Leviticus 23:6-8                     Unleavened                 1/15-21

Numbers 28:17-25                  Bread

Deuteronomy 16:3-8

 

Leviticus 23:9-14                   First fruits                   1/16

Exodus 23:16

Numbers 28:26-31

 

Leviticus 23:15-22                 Pentecost                    3/6

Exodus 34:22                          (Harvest; Weeks)

Deuteronomy 16:9-12

 

Leviticus 23:23-25                 Trumpets                    7/1

Numbers 29:1-6          

Leviticus 23:26-32                 Day Of Atonement     7/10

Leviticus 16

Numbers 29:7-11

 

Leviticus 23:33-44                 Tabernacles                7/15-21

Numbers 29:12-40

Deuteronomy 16:13-15






 

Passages                                             Holy Days                         Date                            Purpose Of Observance

 

Leviticus 25:1-7                     Sabbatical Year          Every 7th

Exodus 23:10-11                                                        Year

 

Leviticus 25:8-55                   Jubilee                        Every 50th

                                                                                    Year



































CHAPTER SEVEN


LEVITICUS



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Leviticus.

          Identify to whom the book of Leviticus was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Leviticus.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Leviticus from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Leviticus.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Moses


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: To show Israel how to live as a holy nation in fellowship with God and prepare them to extend the redemptive plan of God to all nations.


KEY VERSE: 20:7


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: God requires holiness of His people.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Moses, Aaron


OUTLINE


I.         Laws concerning sacrifices: 1:1-7:38


            A.        Introduction: 1:1-2

            B.        The burnt offering: 1:3-17

            C.        The meal offering: 2:1-16

            D.        The peace offering: 3:1-17

            E.        The sin offering: 4:1-5:13

            F.        The trespass offering: 5:14-17


II.        Laws and incidents concerning the priests: 8-10


            A.        Prescriptions for consecration: 8:1-9:24

            B.        Punishment for violation: 10:1-20


III.       Laws of purification: 11:1-15:33


            A.        Clean and unclean food: 11:1-47

            B.        Purification after childbirth: 12:1-8

            C.        Leprosy: 13:1-14:57

            D.        Sexual impurities and cleansings: 15:1-33


IV.      The day of Atonement: 16:1-34


            A.        Aaron's preparation: 16:1-10

            B.        The sin offering for the priests: 16:11-14

            C.        The sin offering for the people: 16:15-19

            D.        The scapegoat: 16:20-22

            E.        The offering completed: 16:23-28

            F.        The solemnity of the day: 16:29-34


V.        The holiness code: 17:1-27:34


            A.        Prohibitions: 17:1-22:33

                        1.         Holiness on the part of the people: 17:1-20:27

                        2.         Holiness on the part of the priests: 21:1-22:33

            B.        Religious festivals: 23:1-44

                        1.         The Sabbath: 23:1-3

                        2.         Passover and unleavened bread: 23:4-14

                        3.         Feast of weeks, or Pentecost: 23:15-22

                        4.         Feast of trumpets: 23:23-25

                        5.         Day of Atonement: 23:25-32

                        6.         Feast of tabernacles: 23:33-44

            C.        Religious symbols: 24:1-23

            D.        Sabbatic year and jubilee: 25:1-26:2

            E.        Promises and warnings: 26:3-46

                        1.         The necessity for right relationship to God: 26:1-2

                        2.         The blessings of obedience to God: 26:1-2

                        3.         The chastisements for disobedience: 26:14-39

                        4.         God's faithfulness to His covenant: 26:40-45

                        5.         Summary statement: 26:46

            F.        Vows and tithes: 27:1-34

                        1.         Vows to persons: 27:2-8

                        2.         Vows of domestic animals: 27:9-1.

                        3.         Vows of houses and fields: 27:14-25

                        4.         The tithe: 27:30-33

                                    (a)       First among beasts: 27:26-27

                                    (b)       Devoted things: 27:28-29

                                    (c)       The tithe: 27:30-33



































SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Leviticus?


________________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Leviticus.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Leviticus written?


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Leviticus.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Leviticus.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Study the word "holy" in Leviticus. It is used over 100 times. Other key words are "sacrifice" used 42 times, "priest" used 189 times, and "blood" used 86 times.


2. The standard of holiness described in Leviticus is both vertical and horizontal. It is vertical in the message of chapters 1-10 ("I am holy") and horizontal in the message of chapters ll-27 ("Be ye holy").

I

Am

Holy

Chapters 1-10

Be Ye Holy

Chapters ll-27


3. There are five different offerings described in Leviticus. The first three offerings were instituted to maintain fellowship with God. The last two were to restore broken fellowship.

               

Offering         Chapter Were It Is Introduced                                           Laws Detailed

 

Burnt                          l                                                          6:8-13 

Meal                           2                                                          6:14-23

Peace                          3                                                          7:11-34

Sin                              4                                                          6:25-30

Trespass                      5:1-6:7                                                7:1-7


4. The number seven (7) has great significance in the book of Leviticus:

            -Every 7th day was a Sabbath. 

            -Blood was sprinkled 7 times in the tabernacle.

            -Every 7th year was a Sabbatic year.

            -Every 7th Sabbatic year was followed by a Jubilee year.

            -Every 7th month was especially holy, having three feasts.

            -There were 7 weeks between Passover and Pentecost.

            -The Passover feast lasted 7 days.

            -Unclean persons were isolated 7 days.

            -The Feast of Tabernacles lasted 7 days.

            -At Passover, 14 lambs (2 x 7) were offered daily.

            -At Pentecost 7 lambs were offered.

            -At the feast of tabernacles 14 lambs were offered daily.


CHAPTER EIGHT


NUMBERS


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Numbers.

          Identify to whom the book of Numbers was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Numbers.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Numbers from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Numbers.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Moses


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Records experiences of the wilderness journey which are a type of the defeated Christian.


KEY VERSE: 32:23


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: God is not pleased with anything less than total commitment.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Moses, Korah, Balaam, Aaron, Miriam, Joshua, Caleb


OUTLINE


I.         Preparation for departure from Sinai: 1:1-10:10


            A.        The people numbered: 1:1-54

            B.        The camp arranged: 2:1-34

            C.        The priest and Levites instructed: 3:1-4:49

            D.        The people protected: 5:1-31

            E.        The vow of the Nazarite: 6:1-27

            F.        Gifts of the princes: 7:1-89

            G.        Lighting of the tabernacle lamps: 8:1-4

            H.        Cleansing of the Levites: 8:5-26

            I.         Observance of the Passover: 9:1-14

            J.         Guidance of the camp: 9:15-23

            K.        Calling an assembly and moving the camp: 10:1-10


II.        The journey from Mt. Sinai to Kadesh-Barnea: 10:11-12:15


            A.        Mobilizing for the march: 10:11-28

            B.        Hobab refuses service: 10:29-32

            C.        A continuing cloud: 10:34-36

            D.        A fiery judgment: 11:1-3

            E.        A murmuring multitude: 11:4-9

            F.        A provoked prophet: 11:10-15

            G.        A deadly diet: 11:31-34

            H.        A suffering sister: 12:1-15


III.       Israel at Kadesh-Barnea: 13:1-14:45

 

            A.        Spying out the land: 13:1-25

            B.        The reports and response: 13:26-14:10

            C.        The judgment of God: 14:11-34


IV.      Events during the wilderness wandering: 20:1-35:34


            A.        Stoning of a Sabbath breaker: 15:32-36

            B.        The rebellion of Korah: 16:1-32

            C.        The budding of Aaron's rod: 17:1-13

            D.        Instructions to Aaron: 18:1-19:22

            E.        The death of Miriam: 20:1

            F.        The sin of Moses: 20:1-13

            G.        A request refused: 20:14-22

            H.        Aaron's death: 20:23-29

            I.         Serpents among the people: 21:5-9

            J.         A perverted prophet: 22:1-24:25

            K.        A patriotic priest: 25:1-18

            L.        Miscellaneous instructions: 26:1-31:54

            M.       Territorial distribution in East Jordan: 32:1-42

            N.        Record of the journey from Egypt: 33:1-56

            O.        Instructions prior to entering Canaan: 34:1-36:13






SELF-TEST



1. Who was the author of the book of Numbers?


________________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Numbers.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Numbers written?


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Numbers.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


_________________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Numbers.


_________________________________________________________________________________


_________________________________________________________________________________


_________________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY



1. Changes in leadership of Israel occur in Numbers. Joshua replaces Moses as the political leader and Eleazar succeeds Aaron as the religious leader: See Numbers 27:15-23 and 20:23-29.


2. The death and resurrection of Jesus are illustrated in Numbers by a serpent and a stick: 21:5-9; 17:8


3. The following chart records the results of the two "numberings" or census of Israel:


Tribe                                                              First Census                                                  Second Census

 

Reuben                                               46,500                                     43,730

 

Simeon                                               59,300                                     22,200

 

Gad                                                     45,650                                     40,500

 

Judah                                                  74,600                                     76,500

 

Issachar                                               54,400                                     64,300

 

Zebulun                                              57,400                                     60,500

 

Ephriam                                              40,500                                     32,500

 

Manasseh                                            32,200                                     52,700

 

Benjamin                                            35,400                                     45,600

 

Dan                                                     62,700                                     64,400

 

Asher                                                  41,500                                     53,400

 

Naphtali                                              53,400                                     45,400

 

_________                                          ________                                            ________

 

Total                                                              603,550                                               601,730






4. This diagram shows the arrangement of the camps of the tribes of Israel in relation to the tabernacle.



                                                                         North


            x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

            x                                                                                                                                   x

            x          Asher                                      Dan                                         Naphtali           x

            x                                                                                                                                   x

            x                                  x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x                                                 x

            x          Benjamin        x                                                          x          Issachar            x

            x                                  x                      Merarites                    x                                   x

            x                                  x                                                          x                                   x

            x          Ephraim          x                     Gershonites     Moses x                                   x

            x                                  x                                   Aaron                x          Judah               x

            x                                  x                      __________    Priests x                                   x

            x                                  x                                                          x                                   x

            x                                  x                      Tabernacle                  x                                   x

            x                                  x                      __________                x                                   x

            x                                  x                                                          x                                   x

            x                                  x                      Kohathites                  x                                   x

            x          Manasseh        x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x                         Zebulun             x

            x                                                                                                                                   x

            x          Gad                                         Reuben                                   Simeon            x

            x                                                                                                                                   x

            x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x


                                                                        South














CHAPTER NINE


DEUTERONOMY



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Deuteronomy.

          Identify to whom the book of Deuteronomy was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Deuteronomy.

          Write the Key Verses of the book of Deuteronomy from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Deuteronomy.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Moses


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: To restate the law to the new generations of Israelites born since Mt. Sinai.


KEY VERSES: 6:4-5


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Obedience brings blessing. Disobedience brings judgment.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Moses, Joshua, Balaam, Amalek, Miriam


OUTLINE


I.         Moses' first sermon: Historical 1:1-4


            A.        Historical introduction: 1:1-5

            B.        Review of the journey from Horeb to Moab: 1:6-3:29

            C.        Appeal to the new generation to keep the law: 4:1-40

            D.        Account of the appointment of the cities of refuge: 4:41-43

            E.        Summary of the law of Moses: 4:44-49


II.        Moses' second sermon: Legal 5:1-26:19


            A.        The ten commandments are repeated: 5:7-21

            B.        He warns against immorality (23:17); compromise (7:1-5); and witchcraft: 18:9-14

            C.        Moses describes Canaan: 8:7-8

            D.        He reviews his personal experiences with God on Mt. Sinai: 9:9-21

            E.        He reminds them of their financial obligations to God: 26:1-19

F.Laws concerning clothing (22:50; divorce (24:1-4); women's rights (21:10-17; 22:13-20); and warfare (20:1-20) are given.

            G.        He summarizes God's plan: 6:23

   

III.       Moses' third sermon: Prophetic: 27:1-30:20


            A.        Inscription of laws on stone, and blessings and curses: 27:1-26

            B.        Prediction of blessings and curses: 28:1-68

            C.        Exhortations to holiness: 29:1-30:20


IV.      Historical appendix: 31:1-34:12


            A.        Moses' final words and appointment of Joshua: 31:1-30

            B.        Moses' song and exhortation: 32:1-47

            C.        God's final words to Moses: 32:48-52

            D.        Moses' parting blessing on the tribes: 33:1-29

            E.        The death and burial of Moses: 34:1-12






















SELF-TEST



1. Who was the author of the book of Deuteronomy?


________________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Deuteronomy:


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Deuteronomy written?


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Deuteronomy.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


_________________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verses of Deuteronomy.


________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________


_________________________________________________________________________________






(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Jesus quoted from the book of Deuteronomy during His temptation by Satan. Compare Matthew 4:4 with Deuteronomy 8:3; Matthew 4:7 with Deuteronomy 6:16; and Matthew 4:10 with Deuteronomy 6:13.


2. Deuteronomy is a historical book, but it contains four important prophecies:


            -The entrance of Israel under Joshua into Canaan: 7:2; 9:1-3; 31:3,5

            -The sin of Israel while in Canaan: 31:16-18, 20, 29

            -The exile from Canaan: 4:26-28; 7:4; 8:19-20; 28:36,41,49,50,53,64

            -The return of Israel back to Canaan: 4:29; 30:1-3,10


3. Study the key words "do," "keep," and "observe." They are found 177 times in Deuteronomy.


4. Another key word of this book is "remember." It is frequently repeated throughout the entire book. The Israelites are told to remember:


            -The giving of the Law: 4:9-10

            -The covenant: 4:23

            -Their past slavery: 5:15

            -Their deliverance: 7:18

            -God's leadership and provision: 8:2-6

            -Sins of the past: 9:7

            -Judgments of God: 24:9

            -The days of old: 32:7


5. This book contains a song that may be sung during the great tribulation. Compare Deuteronomy 31:30-32:45 with Revelation 15:3-4.


6. A major theme of Deuteronomy is the importance of the Word of God. See 4:1, 2, 7, 9; 6:7-9; 11:18-21; 27:1-4; 30:11-14; 31:11-12; 32:46-47.


7. For the historical context of Leviticus, read Numbers 21:21-22:1; 365:13; and Deuteronomy 1:1-5.








INTRODUCTION TO


THE BOOKS OF HISTORY


The next group of books we will survey are the books of history. These include the following books:


Joshua: Details how the successor of Moses, Joshua, led the people of Israel into the Promised Land of Canaan. It records the military campaigns and the division of the land among the people.


Judges: Israel turned away from God after Joshua's death. This book records the sad story of their repeated sins and the judges God raised up to deliver them from enemy forces.


Ruth: The story of Ruth, a woman of the Gentile nation of Moab, who chose to serve the God of Israel. She became the great grandmother of David.


I Samuel: This book centers on three persons: Samuel who was the last of the judges of Israel; Saul, the first king of Israel; and David who succeeded a disobedient Saul as king.


II Samuel: The glorious forty year reign of King David is recorded in this book.


I Kings: King Solomon's reign and the kings of the divided kingdom through the reigns of Ahab in the north and Jehoshaphat in the south are the subjects of this book.


II Kings: The final decline of Israel and Judah is recalled in this book.


I Chronicles: The reign of David and preparations for building the temple are recorded here. The time of this book parallels that of II Samuel.


II Chronicles: This book continues Israel's history through Solomon's reign with focus on the southern kingdom. It closes with the decree of Cyrus which permitted the return of the people from Babylon to Jerusalem.


Ezra: The return of the Jews from Babylon captivity is detailed in this book.


Nehemiah: The rebuilding of Jerusalem's walls under Nehemiah is documented in the book of Nehemiah. This project was begun about fourteen years after Ezra's return with the people.


Esther: God's deliverance of the Jews through Esther and Mordecai is the subject of this book.



CHAPTER TEN


JOSHUA


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Joshua.

          Identify to whom the book of Joshua was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Joshua.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Joshua from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Joshua.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Joshua


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Record the history of the conquest of Canaan.


KEY VERSE: 24:15


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: No moral or spiritual victories are won without battles.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Joshua, Rahab, Caleb, Achan, Balaam, Eleazar


OUTLINE


I.         Entering the land: 1:1-5:15


            A.        Joshua commissioned: 1:1-9

            B.        Preparation to cross the Jordan: 1:10-2:24

            C.        Jordan crossed: 3:1-4:24

            D.        Gilgal occupied: 5:1-15


II.        Possessing the land: 6:1-12:24


            A.        Jericho and Ai taken: 6:1-8:29

            B.        Joshua's altar: 8:30-35

            C.        The Gibeonites received: 9:1-27

            D.        Southern Canaan conquered: 10:1-43

            E.        Northern Canaan conquered: 11:1-15

            F.        The conquest summarized: 11:16-12:24


III.       Occupying the land: 13:1-22:34


            A.        Joshua instructed: 13:1-7

            B.        The eastern tribes assigned: 13:8-33

            C.        The western tribes assigned: 14:1-19:51

            D.        The cities of refuge: 20:1-9

            E.        Levitical towns: 21:1-45

            F.        Eastern tribes sent home: 22:1-34


IV.      Joshua's farewell address and death: 23:1-24:33

 

            A.        He reminds them of God's goodness: 23:3-10

            B.        He warns them concerning disobedience: 23:11-13

            C.        He reviews this history: 24:1-13

            D.        He challenges them to serve God: 24:14-18

            E.        He completes the book that bears his name: 24:26-28

            F.        He dies and departs for Heaven: 24:29-33





















SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Joshua?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Joshua.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Joshua written?


______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Joshua.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Joshua.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________







(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)




FOR FURTHER STUDY


The book of Joshua can be contrasted to the book of Exodus. In Exodus, God parted the waters of the Red Sea to bring His people out of the land of bondage in Egypt. In Joshua, God parted the waters of the Jordan River to bring His people into Canaan, the land of blessing.


Moses summarized both books in Deuteronomy 6:23:


         "And He brought us out...that He might bring us in."


































CHAPTER ELEVEN


JUDGES



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Judges.

          Identify to whom the book of Judges was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Judges.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Judges from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Judges.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Samuel


TO WHOM: Israel.


PURPOSE: Historical record of the rule of the judges which occurred after the close of the book of Joshua.


KEY VERSE: 17:6


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: There is a divine pattern of chastisement designed to turn God's people from sin to salvation.


MAIN CHARACTERS: The judges (See list in outline below)


OUTLINE


I.         Introduction to the period of the judges: 1:1-2:5


            A.        Political conditions from Joshua to the time of the judges: 1:1-36

            B.        Religious conditions from Joshua to the time of the judges: 2:1-5


II.        The period of the judges: 2:6-16:31


            A.        Summary of religious conditions of the entire period: 2:6-3:6

            B.        List of the judges: 3:7-16:31

                        l.         Othniel of Judah: 3:7-11

                        2.         Ehud of Benjamin: 3:12-30

                        3.         Shamgar: 3:31

                        4.         Deborah of Ephraim and Barak of Naphtali: 4:1-5:31

                        5.         Gideon of Manasseh and Abimelech: 6:1-9:57

                        6.         Tola of Issachar: 10:1-2

                        7.         Jair of Gilead: 10:3-5

                        8.         Jephthah of Gilead: 10:6-12:7

                        9.         Ibzan of Zebulon: 12:8-10

                        10.       Elon of Zebulon: 12:11-12

                        11.       Abdon of Ephriam: 12:13-15

                        12.       Samson of Dan: 13:1-16:31


III.       Historical appendix: 17:1-21:25


            A.        The idolatry of Micah and the Danites: 17:1-18:31

                        1.         Micah and his personal priest: 17:1-13

                        2.         The Danites join the idolatry: 18:1-31

            B.        The crime of Benjamin at Gibeah and its punishment: 19:1-21:25

                        1.         The stop in Gibeah: 19:1-15

                        2.         The crime: 19:16-27

                        3.         The Levite's response: 19:28-29

                        4.         The outrage of Israel: 19:30-20:11

                        5.         The three battle war: 20:12-21:25



















SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Judges?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Judges.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Judges written?


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Judges.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Judges.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________






(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY



1. The book of Judges is a direct contrast to the book of Joshua.


Joshua tells of victory, freedom, faith, progress, obedience, spiritual vision, joy, strength, and unity among the tribes with strong leadership.


Judges describes defeat, slavery, unbelief, division, disobedience, earthly emphasis, sorrow, weakness, and disunity among the tribes.


2. Galatians provides an excellent summary of the books of Joshua and Judges. Galatians 5:22-26 describes Joshua, and 5:17-21 describes Judges.


3. Judges is a classic example of Hosea 8:7 and Galatians 6:7.


4. Judges 17:6 summarizes the conditions which existed in Israel during the period of the Judges.


5. The story of the strongest man in history is found in Judges 15.


6. Read the story of an army which was put to death for mispronouncing a word: Judges 12.


7. God used unusual methods in the book of Judges. He used:


            -An ox goad: 3:31

            -A nail: 4:21

            -Trumpets: 7;20

            -Pitchers: 7:20

            -Lamps: 7:20

            -A millstone: 9:53

            -A jawbone of an ass: 15:15


8. Complete the following chart as you study the recurring cycles of the book of Judges. The first cycle is done as an example for you to follow:

The Cycle Of Judges



Cycles                        3:7-11 3:12-30 4:1-5:31 6:1-8:32 8:33-10:5 10:6-12:15 13:1-16:31 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S               Idolatry

I

N

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S

E               8 years

R               King of

V               Mesopotamia

I

C

E

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S

U               Cried unto

P               the Lord

P

L

I

C

A

T

I

O

N

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S

A               Othniel by war

L

V

A

T

I

O

N

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


S

I                40 years

L

E

N

C

E




Judges Of Israel



Name                                                  Dates B.C                                                       Number of Years




Othniel                                    1400-1360                                                      40


Ehud                                       1360-1280                                                      80


Shamgar                                 1280                                                                1


Deborah                                  1280-1240                                                      40


Gideon                        1240-1200                                                      40


Abimelech                              1200-1197                                                      3


Tola                                        1197-1174                                                      23


Jair                                          1174-1152                                                      22


Jephthah                                 1152-1146                                                      6


Ibzan                                       1146-1138                                                      8


Elon                                        1138-1128                                                      10


Abdon                         1128-1121                                                      7


Samson                                   1121-1101                                                      20











CHAPTER TWELVE


RUTH


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Ruth.

          Identify to whom the book of Ruth was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Ruth.

          Write the Key Verses of the book of Ruth from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Ruth.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Unknown


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Written as part of the historical record of Israel to illustrate the concern of God for all people. It also illustrates the kinsman-redeemer relationship of Jesus Christ.


KEY VERSES: 1:16-17


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: God can turn bitterness to blessing.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Naomi (Mara), Elimelech, Mahlon, Chilion, Orpha, Ruth, Boaz, an unnamed kinsman.


OUTLINE


I.         Moab: 1:1-5


            A.        Journey to Moab: 1:1-2

                        1.         When the story occurs: 1:1

                        2.         Why they went to Moab: 1:1

                        3.         Introduction of the family: 1:2

            B.        Tragedy in Moab: 1:3-5

                        1.         Naomi's husband dies: 1:3

                        2.         Naomi's sons marry 1:4

                        3.         Naomi's sons die: 1:5


II.        Return to Bethlehem: 1:6-18


            A.        Naomi plans return and tells daughters-in-law to return to their own people: 1:6-9

            B.        Their appeal to stay: 1:10

            C.        Naomi's answer: 1:11-13

            D.        Their response: 1:14

            E.        Ruth's declaration: 1:16-18

                        1.         She does not want to leave Naomi: 1:16

                        2.         She will go where Naomi goes: 1:16

                        3.         She will live where Naomi lives: 1:16

                        4.         Naomi's people shall be hers: 1:16

                        5.         Naomi's God shall be her God: 1:16

                        6.         She will remain faithful to death: 1:17


III.       Arrival in Bethlehem: 1:19-22


            A.        Reception by the city: 1:19

            B.        Naomi's response: 1:20-21

            C.        The timing of the return: 1:22


IV.      Ruth in the fields of Boaz: 2:1-17


            A.        Gleaning in the fields: 2:1-3

            B.        Boaz's recognition: 2:4-13

            C.        Mealtime with Boaz: 2:14

            D.        Gleaning the best: 2:15-17

            E.        Return from the fields: 2:18-23

   

V.        A special plan: 3:1-18


            A.        Naomi's plan: 3:1-5

            B.        The results: 3:6-15

            C.        The return to Naomi: 3:16-18


VI.      The redemption: 4:1-13

            A.        The process: 4:1-12

            B.        The union of Ruth and Boaz: 4:13-17

            C.        The blessing: 4:14-16


VII.     The genealogy of David: 4:17-22













SELF-TEST



1. Who was the author of the book of Ruth?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Ruth.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Ruth written?


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Ruth.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verses of Ruth.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________






(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. For further background on the period during which the events of the book of Ruth occurred, refer to the book of Judges.


2. Ruth was one of four women mentioned in the genealogy of Christ in Matthew l. The others are Tamar Matthew 1:3; Rahab, 1:5; and Bathsheba, 1:6.


3. The obligations of the near kinsman relationship are outlined in Deuteronomy 25:5-10. The property laws with which the unnamed kinsman was concerned are given in Leviticus 25:23.


The kinsman who was able to redeem had to meet certain requirements:


            -He must be a near kinsman.


            -He must be willing to redeem.


            -He must have the ability to redeem.


            -He must be free himself.


            -He must have the price of redemption.


Boaz met all of these requirements for Ruth. Jesus met all these requirements as the redeemer of sinful humanity.


4. Study the character of Ruth:


            -Loving, committed: 1:16-17

            -Steadfast: 1:18

            -Humble: 2:2

            -Temperate: 2:14

            -Accountable: 2:18-19

            -Faithful: 2:23

            -Obedient: 3:5

            -Submissive: 3:10

            -Focus on eternal values: 3:10

            -Concerned about appearance of evil: 3:14

            -Patient: 3:18



CHAPTER THIRTEEN


I AND II SAMUEL


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the books of I and II Samuel.

          Identify to whom the books were written.

          State the purposes for the books.

          Write the Key Verses of I and II Samuel from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principles for the books of I and II Samuel.


I SAMUEL


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Samuel


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Continued record of God's dealing with His people.


KEY VERSES: 15:22-23


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Obedience to God is more important than sacrifice.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Samuel, Elkanah, Hannah, Eli, David, Goliath, Saul, Jonathan, Michal, Abigail


OUTLINE


I.         Samuel: The last of the judges: 1:1-7:17


            A.        Samuel's birth and childhood: 1:1-2:10

            B.        Eli's rejection and Samuel's call: 2:11-3:21

            C.        The ark among the Philistines: 4:1-7:1

            D.        Samuel's activities as judge: 7:2-17


II.        Saul: The first of the kings: 8:1-15:35


            A.        Israel's demand for a king: 8:1-22

            B.        The choice of Saul: 9:1-11:15

            C.        Samuel's farewell address: 12:1-25

            D.        Saul's war against the Philistines: 13:1-14:52

            E.        Saul's disobedience and rejection: 15:1-35


III.       Saul and David: 16:1-31:13

        

            A.        David's anointing and call: 16:1-23

            B.        David's victory over Goliath: 17:1-58

            C.        David's flight from Saul: 18:1-20:42

            D.        David's wanderings: 21:1-30:31

            E.        Saul's death: 31:1-13


II SAMUEL


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Samuel


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Continue the historical record of God's dealing with His people.


KEY VERSES: 7:22-23


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: God carries out His plan through those obedient to Him in spite of their human frailties.


MAIN CHARACTERS: David, Uriah, Bathsheba, Nathan, Absalom, Abner, Isbosheth, Joab


OUTLINE


I.         The triumphs of David: 1:1-10:19


            A.        The lament of David over Saul and Jonathan: 1:1-27

            B.        David's coronation over Judah: 2:1-7

            C.        David establishes national and religious unity: 2:8-6:23

            D.        The Davidic covenant: 7:1-29

            E.        David's conquests: 8:1-10:19




II.        The troubles of David: 11:1-24:25


            A.        David's sin and repentance: 11:1-12:31

            B.        Amnon and Absalom's crimes: 13:1-18:33

            C.        David's restoration to power: 19:1-20:26

            D.        The famine and revenge of the Gibeonites: 21:1-14

            E.        Heroes in the war with the Philistines: 21:15-22

            F.        David's song and last words: 22:1-23:7

            G.        David's heroes: 23:8-39

            H.        David's census and punishment: 24:1-25

































SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the books of I and II Samuel?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of I Samuel.


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of I Samuel written?


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of I Samuel.


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verses of I Samuel.


______________________________________________________________________________


6. State the purpose for the book of II Samuel.


______________________________________________________________________________


7. To whom was the book of II Samuel written?


______________________________________________________________________________


8. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of II Samuel.


______________________________________________________________________________


9. Write the Key Verses of II Samuel.


______________________________________________________________________________




(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY



1. I Samuel records a transition in Israel from a theocracy (where God ruled directly through priests and military leaders) to a monarchy (the rule by various kings).


2. I Samuel 15:22-23 is one of the greatest passages on obedience.


3. I Samuel 16:7 is one of the greatest passages on true human worth.


4. I Samuel 17:4 describes the world's tallest man.


5. I Samuel 18:1 records of one of the most beautiful friendships recorded in the Bible.


6. I Samuel records the first of several conversations of people who had previously left this earth in death. See I Samuel 28; Luke 16:23-31; Revelation 6:9-10 and 7:9-10.


7. Samuel started the first Bible schools recorded in Scripture. These were located at Gilgal, Jericho, and Bethel. See I Samuel 10:10; I Kings 18:13; II Kings 2:3,5; 6:1-2.


8. II Samuel records an important law of sowing and reaping in the spiritual world. After David's prayer of repentance (Psalms 51) God forgave him for adultery and murder (II Samuel ll). But David still harvested sorrow from his actions. The harvest involved the death of an infant son, the rape of a daughter by her own brother, the murder of that brother by another brother, and the rebellion of his favorite son who was later executed by a military commander.


9. Another important principle is taught in II Samuel. It is the principle of doing God's will God`s way. It was God's will for David to bring the ark into the Holy City. God's way was for the priests to carry it. At first David did not obey and it resulted in sorrow and death (6:1-7). It is important to harmonize God's will with God's way.















CHAPTER FOURTEEN


I AND II KINGS



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the books of I and II Kings.

          Identify to whom these books were written.

          State the purpose for each book.

          Write the Key Verses of the books of I and II Kings from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principles for I and II Kings.


I KINGS


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Unknown. Possibly Jeremiah.


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Continue the record of God's dealings with His people, Israel.


KEY VERSE: 19:18


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Compromise may seem easy but it is always costly later.


MAIN CHARACTERS: David, Solomon, kings of Judah and Israel (see chart on the kings), Nabath, Ahab, Elijah, Elisha


OUTLINE


I.         The reign of King Solomon: 1:1-11:43


            A.        His anointing as king: 1:1-53

            B.        David's challenge to Solomon and the death of David: 2:1-46

            C.        Solomon's marriage and choice of wisdom: 3:1-28

            D.        Solomon's administration: 4:1-34

            E.        Building activities of Solomon: 5:1-8:66

            F.        The wealth and splendor of Solomon: 9:1-10:29

            G.        Solomon's sin: 11:1-43


II.        The reigns of the kings of Judah and Israel: 12:1-22:53; also continues into II Kings. (See             chart on the kings.)


            A.        Accession of Rehoboam: 12:1-33

            B.        Judah's kings: Rehoboam to Jehoshaphat: 13:1-22:53

            C.        Israel's kings: Jeroboam to Ahaziah: 13:1-22:53

            D.        Ministry of the Prophet Elijah to Israel: 17:1-22:53


II KINGS


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Unknown. Possibly Jeremiah.

   

TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Continue the record of God's dealings with His people, Israel.


KEY VERSES: 2:9-10


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Kingdoms of this world are temporal: They rise and fall under God's control.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Kings of Israel and Judah (see chart on the kings), Elisha, Elijah


OUTLINE


I.         Ministry of Elisha and continuing record of the kings of Israel: 1:1-10:36


II.        Record of the kings of Israel and Judah: 11:1-17:41

            Continued from the I Kings record. (See chart of the kings.)


III.       Reigns of Judah's kings: Hezekiah to Zedekiah: 18:1-25:30

            (See chart of the kings.)







SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the books of I and II Kings?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of I Kings.


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of I Kings written?


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of I Kings.


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of I Kings.


______________________________________________________________________________


6. State the purpose for the book of II Kings.


______________________________________________________________________________


7. To whom was the book of II Kings written?


______________________________________________________________________________


8. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of II Kings.


______________________________________________________________________________


9. Write the Key Verses of II Kings.


______________________________________________________________________________




(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


l. I Kings 12 records the disintegration of Israel's 12 tribes. Revelation 7 describes the future uniting of these tribes. The chart in this section summarizes information on the divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah. The map shows the territorial division.


2. King Solomon, a main character in the book of I Kings, wrote Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon. You will study these books later in this course.


3. The following charts of the kings of Israel and Judah will assist you as you study the books of the Kings and Chronicles.


Kings Of Israel


Name Of King Years of Reign                                                      Dates B.C.                              Reference


  

Jeroboam I                  22                                976-954                      I Kings 11:26-14:20

Nadab                         2                                  954-953                      I Kings 15:25-28

Baasha                        24                                953-930                      I Kings 15:27-16:7

Elah                            2                                  930-929                      I Kings 16:6-14

Zimri                       (7 days)                       929                              I Kings 16:9-20

Omri                           12                                929-918                      I Kings 16:15-28

Ahab                           21                                918-898                      I Kings 16:28-22:40

Ahaziah                      1                                  898-897                      I Kings 22:40-II Kings 1:18

Jehoram                      11                                897-885                      II Kings 3:1-9:25

Jehu                            28                                885-857                      II Kings 9:1-10:36

Jehoahaz                     16                                857-841                      II Kings 13:1-9

Jehoash (Joah)            16                                841-825                      II Kings 13:10-14:16

Jeroboam II                40                                825-773                      II Kings 14:23-29

Zechariah                    1/2                              773-772                      II Kings 14:29-15:12

Shallum                    (l month)                     772                              II Kings 15:10-15

Menahem                    10                                772-762                      II Kings 15:14-22

Pekahiah                     2                                  762-760                      II Kings 15:22-26

Pekah                          20                                760-730                      II Kings 15:27-31

Hoshea                        9                                  730-721                      II Kings 15:30-17:6








Kings Of Judah

 

Name Of King Years of Reign                                                      Dates B.C.                   Reference



Rehoboam                  17                                976-959                      I Kings 11:42-14:31

Abijam            3                                  959-996                      I Kings 14:31-15:8

Asa                             41                                956-915                      I Kings 15:8-24

Jehosaphat                  25                                915-893                      I Kings 22:41-50

Johoram                      8                                  893-886                      II Kings 8:16-24

Ahaziah                      l                                  886-885                      II Kings 8:24-9:29

Athliah                        6                                  885-879                      II Kings 11:1-20

Joash                           40                                879-840                      II Kings 11:1-12:21

Amaziah                     29                                840-811                      II Kings 14:1-20

Azariah (Uzziah)        52                                811-759                      II Kings 15:1-7

Jotham                        l8                                759-743                      II Kings 15:32-38

Ahaz                           l9                                743-727                      II Kings 16:1-20

Hezekiah                     29                                727-698                      II Kings 18:1-20:21

Manasseh                    55                                698-643                      II Kings 21:1-18

Amon                          2                                  643-640                      II Kings 21:19-26

Josiah                          3l                                640-609                      II Kings 22:1-23:30

Jehohaz            (3 months)                                       609                              II Kings 23:31-33

Jehoiakim                   ll                                 609-597                      II Kings 23:34-24:5

Jehoiachin        (3 months)                                       597                              II Kings 24:6-16

Zedekiah                     ll                                 597-586                      II Kings 24:17-25:30









Summary Chart Of The Divided Kingdom


ISRAEL 933-722 B.C.                                                                                  JUDAH 933-586 B.C.


Other names:                                                                                      Other Names:


The Ten Tribes                                                                                   The Two Tribes

The Northern Kingdom                                                                      The Southern Kingdom

Samaria/Ephraim                                                                                House Of David


Ruling Families:                                                                                 Ruling Families:


Nine dynasties or ruling families                                                        One dynasty (David)

Nineteen kings (all wicked)                                                                Twenty kings (Many Good)

One Suicide/Seven assassinations                                                      Five assassinations


Duration:                                                                                             Duration:


211 years                                                                                            347 years


Captivity:                                                                                            Captivity:


Punished by captivity to Assyria                                                        Carried to Babylon

Dispersed among nations                                                                   Returned after 70 years

                                                                                                            Rebuilt Jerusalem and temple

                                                                                                             Did not regain freedom


Territory:                                                                                            Territory:


More than 2/3 of Canaan                                                                    Less than l/3 of Canaan

The best portion                                                                                  The temple and Jerusalem


Religion:                                                                                             Religion:


Forsook God-ordained way of worship                                              Idolatry added to worship

Worshiped golden calf all through history                                         Frequent reforms

Added Baal and Asherah worship during Ahab's reign                      God-fearing kings







CHAPTER FIFTEEN


I AND II CHRONICLES


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of I and II Chronicles.

          Identify to whom these books were written.

          State the purpose for each book.

          Write the Key Verses of the books of I and II Chronicles from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principles for I and II Chronicles.


I CHRONICLES


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Unknown. Possibly Ezra.


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Record of the religious history of Judah.


KEY VERSE: 29:11


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: When God is exalted His people are blessed.


MAIN CHARACTERS: King David, Solomon


OUTLINE


I.         Genealogies from Adam to David: 1:1-9:44


            A.        From Adam to Jacob: 1:1-2:2

            B.        From Jacob to David: 2:2-9:44


II.        History of King David: 10:1-29:30


            A.        The death of King Saul: 10:1-14

            B.        Capture of Zion and David's heroes: 11:1-12:40

            C.        David's prosperous reign: 13:1-22:1

            D.        David's religious accomplishments: 22:2-29:30


II CHRONICLES


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Unknown. Possibly Ezra.


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Record of the religious history of Judah.


KEY VERSE: 7:14


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: God's blessing comes through humbling ourselves and seeking Him.


MAIN CHARACTERS: King Solomon and his successors from Rehoboam to Zedekiah. (See chart of the kings of Judah.)


OUTLINE


I.         History of King Solomon: 1:1-9:31


            A.        Solomon's wealth and wisdom: 1:1-17

            B.        Solomon's building and dedication of the temple: 2:1-7:22

            C.        Solomon's various activities: 8:1-9:28

            D.        Solomon's death: 9:29-31


II.        History of the kings of Judah: 10:1-36:23


            A.        Kings from Rehoboam to Zedekiah: 10:1-36:21

 

(For detailed study of these kings, see the chart of the kings of Judah in the preceding chapter.)


            B.        The edict of Cyrus: 36:22-23

















SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the books of I and II Chronicles?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of I Chronicles.


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of I Chronicles written?


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of I Chronicles.


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of I Chronicles.


______________________________________________________________________________


6. State the purpose for the book of II Chronicles.


______________________________________________________________________________


7. To whom was the book of II Chronicles written?


______________________________________________________________________________


8. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of II Chronicles.


______________________________________________________________________________


9. Write the Key Verse of II Chronicles.


______________________________________________________________________________



(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Although there is much similar material in the books of II Samuel, the Kings, and the Chronicles, each book is written to accomplish a specific purpose.


For example, II Samuel and I and II Kings present the political history of both Israel and Judah. In I and II Chronicles a detailed religious history of Judah only is presented.


II Samuel and I and II Kings focus on the rulers and prophets of the period. I and II Chronicles focus on the priests and the temple.


As you study these books in detail, look for the differing emphasis of the material which is repeated.


2. II Chronicles is a book of revivals. Great revivals occurred under:

 

            -Asa:                           II Chronicles 15

            -Jehosaphat:                II Chronicles 20

            -Joash:                        II Chronicles 23-24

            -Hezekiah:                  II Chronicles 29-31

            -Josiah:                       II Chronicles 35


3. Key words in Chronicles to mark in your Bible:


            -house

            -ark

            -covenant

            -cry (cried)

            -seek (sought)

            -heart

            -pray (prayer, prayed)

            -prophet(s)


4. Many lessons about prayer and seeking God can be learned form these books. Review what you learn from marking the key words. Study especially 2 Chronicles 6.


5. What did you learn from the successes and failures of men such as Jehosaphat, Hezekiah, and Uzziah?






CHAPTER SIXTEEN


EZRA


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Ezra.

          Identify to whom the book of Ezra was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Ezra.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Ezra from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Ezra.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Ezra


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Tells of the return of God's people from exile in Babylon and the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem.


KEY VERSE: 6:16


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Return and restoration are basic principles of repentance.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Ezra, Jeshua, Zerubbabel, Cyrus, Haggai, Zechariah, Artaxerxes

OUTLINE


I.         Restoration under Zerubbabel: 1:1-6:22


            A.        First return of exiles: 1:1-2:70

                        1.         Edict of Cyrus: 1:1-11

                                    (a)       The writing of the edict: 1:2-4

                                    (b)       The desire of the people: 1:5-11

                        2.         List of exiles: 2:1-70

            B.        Restoration of public worship : 3:1-6:22

                        1.         Rebuilding of temple: 3:1-6:15

                                    (a)       Worship reinstated in Jerusalem: 3:1-7

                                    (b)       Work on the temple: 3:8-13

                                    (c)       Satan tries to hinder the work: 4:1-24

                                    (d)       The prophets come to help: 5:1-2

                                    (e)       The governor's questions: 5:3-5

                                    (f)        The letter to Darius: 5:6-17

                                    (g)       The search: 6:1-12

                                    (h)       Tatnai's response: 6:13-15

                        2.         Dedication of temple: 6:16-22


II.        Reforms under Ezra: 7:1-10:44


            A.        Second Return of Exiles 7:1-8:36

                        1.         Ezra's background and preparation: 7:1-10

                        2.         The letter of Artaxerxes: 7:11-26

                        3.         The response of Ezra: 7:27-28

            B.        Correction of social evils: 9:1-10:44

                        1.         God's people compromising: 9:1-2

                        2.         Ezra's supplication: 9:3-15

                        3.         Conviction settles on the people: 10:1-8

                        4.         Confession and repentance: 10:9-16

                        5.         The list of offenders: 10:18-44
























SELF-TEST



1. Who was the author of the book of Ezra?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Ezra.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Ezra written?


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Ezra.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Ezra.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________




(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY


l. Read Psalms 137. This chapter records the sorrow of God's people as they made the trip from Jerusalem to captivity in Babylon. Read Psalms 126 which describes the joy of the return to Jerusalem from captivity.


2. The divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah were both taken captive by enemies. Israel was taken captive by Assyria in 721 B.C. Judah was taken captive by Babylon in 606 B.C. The return of God's people to Jerusalem from captivity was as follows:


536 B.C. Zerubbabel with 42,360 Jews, 7,337 servants, 200 singers, 736 horses, 245 mules, 435 camels, 6,720 asses, and 5,400 gold and silver vessels.


457 B.C. Ezra with 1,754 men, 100 talents of gold, 750 talents of silver. It is not stated whether women and children were in this group of returning exiles.


444 B.C. Nehemiah, with an army escort, to rebuild and fortify Jerusalem.


3. There were three trips into Babylonian bondage. In Ezra, there are three journeys back to the Promised Land.


Three trips into Babylon:


-In the days of Daniel: 606 B.C.

-In the days of Ezekiel: 597 B.C.

-In the days of King Zedekiah: 586 B.C.


Three trips into freedom:


-Led by Zerubbabel and Joshua 538 B.C.

-Led by Ezra: 456 B.C.

-Led by Nehemiah: 446 B.C.











CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

                   

NEHEMIAH



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Nehemiah.

          Identify to whom the book of Nehemiah was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Nehemiah.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Nehemiah from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Nehemiah.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Nehemiah


TO WHOM: Israel


PURPOSE: Continuation of the history of Israel. Record of the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem.


KEY VERSE: 6:3


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: There is no opportunity without opposition. Faith without works is dead.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Nehemiah, Sanballat, Geshem, Gashmu, Shemiah, Tobiah, Hananiah, Ezra, Artaxerxes


OUTLINE


I.         Introduction: 1:1-11


            A.        Bad news from Jerusalem: 1:1-3

            B.        Nehemiah's response: 1:4-11


II.        Preparation for the task: 2:1-20


            A.        With the King: 2:1-8

            B.        With the governors: 2:9-10

            C.        In Jerusalem: 2:11-15

            D.        With the leaders of the people: 2:15-20


III.       Restoration of the walls: 3:1-6:19


            A.        List of builders and organization: 3:1-32

            B.        External and internal opposition: 4-6:14

                        1.         External opposition:

                                    (a)       Direct criticism: 2:19

                                    (b)       Mocking and scorn: 4:1-3

                                    (c)       False accusations: 6:5-7

                                    (d)       Strikes at times of vulnerability: 4:6

                                    (e)       Diversion: 6:2

                                    (f)        Popular influence: 6:2

                                    (g)       Threats, fear: 6:5-9

                                    (h)       Compromise: 5:14-19

                                    (i)        Fighting, hindering: 4:8

                                    (j)        Conspiracy: 4:8; 6:2

                                    (k)       Threats and fear: 6:5-9

                        2.         Internal opposition:

                                    (a)       Discouragement: 4:10-11

                                    (b)       Dissension: 5:1-19

                                    (c)       Weak believers: 4:12

                                    (d)       Opposition of religious leaders: 3:5

                                    (e)       False prophets of God: 6:10-13

            C.        The wall is finished: 6:15-19


IV.      Control and census: 7:1-73


            A.        City controls established: 7:1-4

            B.        Census of returning exiles: 7:5-73


V.        Religious reforms by Ezra and Nehemiah: 8:1-13:31


            A.        Reading of the law: 8:1-8:18

            B.        Confession and prayer: 9:1-37

            C.        Renewal of the covenant: 9:38-10:39

            D.        List of residents: 11:1-12:26

            E.        Dedication of the wall: 12:27-47

            F.        Reforms of Nehemiah: 13:1-31


Inspirational Slogans


Nehemiah's ten inspirational slogans:


            -The good hand of my God upon me: 2:8

            -Let us rise up and build: 2:18

            -The God of Heaven will prosper us: 2:20

            -The people had a mind to work: 4:6

            -Remember the Lord and fight: 4:14

            -God shall fight for us: 4:20

            -O God, strengthen my hands: 6:9

            -This work was wrought of our God: 6:16

            -The joy of the Lord is our strength: 8:10

            -Remember, O My God: 13:29,31





























SELF-TEST



1. Who was the author of the book of Nehemiah?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Nehemiah.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Nehemiah written?


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Nehemiah.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Nehemiah.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. A work for God will always be met by human and Satanic opposition both internal and external. As you study the book of Nehemiah, make a list of the various attacks of the enemy designed to stop the work of God.


2. The gates in the wall around Jerusalem are a type of the Christian life. That means although they were actual gates, they were also symbols of spiritual truth:


Name Of Gate                       Symbolizes                                                     References

                                                                                    Nehemiah                              Other

            

Sheep gate                  The cross                                3:1                              John 10:11

 

Fish gate                     Soul-winning                          3:3                              Matthew 4:19

 

Old gate                      Old nature                               3:6                              Romans 6:1-23

 

Valley gate                 Suffering and testing              3:13                            II Corinthians 1:3-5

 

Dung gate                   Works of the flesh                  3:14                            Galatians 5:16-21

 

Fountain gate              Holy Spirit                              3:15                            John 7:37-39

 

Water gate                  Word of God                          3:26                            John 4:10-14

 

Horse gate                  Believer's warfare                   3:28                            Ephesians 6:10-17

 

Eastern gate                Return of Jesus                       3:29                            Ezekiel 43:1,2

 

Miphkad gate              Judgment seat of Jesus           3:31                            I Corinthians 3:9-15;

                                                                                                                        II Corinthians 5:10











CHAPTER EIGHTEEN


ESTHER



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Esther.

          Identify to whom the book of Esther was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Esther.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Esther from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Esther.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Unknown


TO WHOM: The Jews scattered throughout Persia.


PURPOSE: Continuation of history of Israel. Also to recount the providential care of God for His people.


KEY VERSE: 4:14


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: God meets the crises of life with human vessels which He has prepared.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Esther, Vashti, Haman, Mordecai, Ahasuerus


OUTLINE


I.         Introduction: 1:1-22


            A.        The great feasts: 1:1-9

            B.        A domestic problem: 1:10-12

            C.        A royal commandment: 1:13-22




II.        A new queen: 2:1-21


            A.        The search for a queen: 2:1-4

            B.        Esther enters the competition: 2:5-11

                        1.         Mordecai's background: 2:5-6

                        2.         Esther's background: 2:7

            C.        Esther in the custody of Hegai: 2:8-11

            D.        The women presented before the king: 2:12-14

            E.        Esther selected as queen: 2:15-17

            F.        The feast for Esther: 2:18

            G.        Esther's secret: 2:19


III.       Two men, two plots: 2:21-3:15


            A.        The plot overthrown by Mordecai: 2:22-23

                        1.         Mordecai in the king's gate: 2:22-23

                        2.         Mordecai aborts the plot: 2:21-22

                        3.         The two criminals hanged: 2:23

            B.        The promotion and plot of Haman: 3:1-15

                        1.         Haman promoted above all other princes: 3:1

                        2.         The problem between Haman and Mordecai: 3:2-6

                        3.         Haman's vengeful plot: 3:7-15


IV.      Despair and deliverance: 4:1-7:10


            A.        Despair of the Jews: 4:1-3

            B.        Despair of the Queen: 4:4-9

            C.        A plan for deliverance: 4:10-5:14

                        1.         The plan: 4:10-17

                        2.         Before the King: 5:1-3

                        3.         Invitation to a banquet: 5:4-8

                        4.         Haman's pride: 5:9-14

            D.        Mordecai honored: 6:1-14

                        1.         The king's reading: 6:1-3

                        2.         Haman sought for advice: 6:4-5

                        3.         Haman prideful response: 6:6-9

                        4.         Haman's mortification as Mordecai is honored: 6:10-12

                        5.         The response of Haman's family and friends: 6:13-14

            E.        The feast of Esther: 7:1-6

            F.        Haman punished: 7:7-10




V.        The new kingdom order: 8:1-10:3


            A.        New orders from the king: 8:1-14

            B.        Mordecai honored: 8:15-17

            C.        Deliverance of the Jews: 9:1-11

            D.        House of Haman destroyed: 9:12-14

            E.        The feast of Purim: 9:15-32

            F.        Representation by Mordecai: 10:1-3



































SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Esther?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Esther.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Esther written?


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Esther.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Esther.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________






(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. The longest verse in the Bible is Esther 8:9. It contains 90 words in the English King James version.


2. Note the contrasts between the books of Ruth and Esther:


            -Ruth was a Gentile who lived among Jews.

            -Esther was a Jew who lived among Gentiles.

            -Ruth married a Jew.

            -Esther married a Gentile.


The outcome of both stories was determined through a midnight meeting:


            -Ruth talked with Boaz: Ruth 3:8-13

            -Haman talked with the king: Esther 6:1-10


3. Study Haman as a type of Satan:


            -Above all princes: 3:1

            -Full of wrath: 3:5

            -Full of scorn: 3:6

            -Destroyer: 3:6

            -Enemy: 3:10

            -Materialistic: 3:8,9,11; 4:7

            -Perplexes: 3:15

            -Taxes prey: 3:13

            -None escape: 4:13

            -Man of indignation: 5:9

            -Proud: 5:11-12; 6:6-9

            -Petty: 5:13; 6:12

            -Plotter: 3:1-15; 5:14; 6:4

            -Adversary and enemy: 7:6

            -Immoral: 7:8

            -Wicked devises: 9:25

            -Fears before the King: 7:6

            -Falls before the people of God: 6:13









AN INTRODUCTION


TO THE BOOKS OF POETRY



The five books of poetry show a progression of spiritual life.


Job: Describes the death to the old life of self.


Psalms: Illustrates the new life in God, expressing itself in praise, prayer, adoration, supplication, confession, and intercession. Psalms is the hymn book and worship manual of the Bible.


Proverbs: Gives heavenly, yet practical, wisdom for life on earth.


Ecclesiastes: Tells of the vanity of pursuing life "under the sun" apart from God.


Song of Solomon: Provides an example of life with meaning by a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. Biblical poetry is different from most types of poetry because it is written in Hebrew poetic structure. Keys to understanding this structure are given in the Harvestime International Institute Course entitled "Creative Bible Study Methods."
















CHAPTER NINETEEN


JOB



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Job.

          Identify to whom the book of Job was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Job.

          Write the Key Verses of the book of Job from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Job.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Unknown


TO WHOM: The book is not specifically addressed to anyone but is applicable to all believers who experience suffering.


PURPOSE: This book wrestles with the question, "Why do the righteous suffer?"


KEY VERSES: 19:25-27; 23:10


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: There is a spiritual reason behind suffering of the righteous. Suffering is not necessarily evidence of God’s displeasure.


MAIN CHARACTERS: God, Satan, Job, Job's wife, and his friends, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, and Elihu.


OUTLINE


I.         Prologue: 1:1-2:13


            A.        Introduction: 1:1-5

            B.        Satan's first appearance and accusation: 1:6-12

            C.        Job's trial: 1:13-22

            D.        Satan's second appearance and accusation: 2:1-6

            E.        Job's trial: 2:7-13


II.        First cycle of speeches: 3:1-14:22


            A.        Job's speech: 3:1-26

            B.        Eliphaz's speech: 4:1-5:27

            C.        Job's reply: 6:1-7:21

            D.        Bildad's speech: 8:1-22

            E.        Job's reply: 9:1-10:22

            F.        Zophar's speech: 11:1-20

            G.        Job's reply: 12:1-14:22


III.       Second cycle of speeches: 15:1-21:34

 

            A.        Eliphaz's speech: 15:1-35

            B.        Job's reply: 16:1-17:16

            C.        Bildad's speech: 18:1-21

            D.        Job's reply: 19:1-29

            E.        Zophar's speech: 20:1-29

            F.        Job's reply: 21:1-34


IV.      Third cycle of speeches: 32:1-37


            A.        Eliphaz's final speech: 22:1-30

            B.        Job's reply: 23:1-24:25

            C.        Bildad's final speech: 25:1-6

            D.        Job's reply: 26:1-31:40


V.        Elihu's speeches: 32:1-37:24


            A.        First speech: 32:1-33:33

            B.        Second speech: 34:1-37

            C.        Third speech: 35:1-16

            D.        Fourth speech 36:1-37:24


VI.      God's answer: 38:1-42:6


            A.        First speech: 38:1-40:5

                        1.         God questions Job from the realm of creation: 38:1-38

                        2.         God questions Job from the realm of animals: 38:39-39:30

                        3.         God demands an answer to His questions: 40:1-2

                        4.         Job's first answer to God: 40:3-5

            B.        Second speech: 40:6-42:6

                        1.         God tells Job to save himself: 40:6-14

                        2.         God compares the power of Job with Behemoth: 40:15-24

                        3.         God compares the power of Job with Leviathan: 41:1-34

                        4.         Job's second answer to God: 42-1-6

                                    a.         He confesses lack of understanding: 42:1-3

                                    b.         He repents of His rebellion: 42:4-6

  

VII.     Epilogue: 42:1-17


            A.        Divine rebuke of Job's three friends: 42:1-9

            B.        Job's restoration: 42:10-17


































SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Job?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Job.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Job written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Job.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verses of Job.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________




(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter of this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. List the name of each character who speaks in the book of Job. Summarize the thoughts presented by each. The answers for the problem of suffering is dealt with from different perspectives by the friends of Job. They all agree that Job must have sinned.


            Eliphaz views the problem from the perspective of philosophy.


            Bildad bases his advice on tradition rooted in history.


            Zophar bases his ideas on assumption and is the voice of orthodox morality.


            Elihu was an intellectual and bases his advice on education and logic.


2. Compare Job 1:21 with Philippians 4:11-12


3. The book of Job provides the most extended description of the world's history before man. See chapters 38-39. Other statements about the earth reveal it is suspended in space (26:7) and that it is a sphere shape (22:14).


4. The book of Job reveals two important truths:


First, there is a spiritual reason behind the suffering of the righteous: Job 1:6-12; 2:1-6.


Second, Satan cannot afflict a believer without the permission of God: Job 1:6-12; 2:1-6. God knows how much we can bear and will not let Satan go beyond this point (I Corinthians 10:13).


5. The book reveals several reasons for Job's suffering:


-That Satan might be silenced: 1:9-11; 2:4,5

-That Job might see himself as he really was: 40:4; 42:6

-That Job might see God: 42:5

-That Job's friends might learn not to judge: 42:7

-That Job might learn to pray for his critics rather than lash out against them verbally: 42:10

-To show that God's plans for His children eventually result in happiness: 42:10








CHAPTER TWENTY


PSALMS


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Psalms.

          Identify to whom the book of Psalms was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Psalms.

          Write, from memory, the Key Verse of the book of Psalms.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Psalms.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: All the Psalms were written by King David with the exception of the following:


            -Asaph: 50; 73-83

            -Heman: 88

            -Ethan: 89

            -Solomon: 127

            -Moses: 90

            -Hezekiah: 120, 121,123,125, 126, 128-130, 132, 134

-Author Unknown: 1, 10, 33, 43, 66, 67, 71, 911-94, 96-100, 102, 104, 106, 107, 111-119, 135, 136, 137, 146-150


TO WHOM: Israel, but the book has been used for devotion, prayer, and praise by believers down through the centuries.


PURPOSE: The book of Psalms was known as the hymn book of Israel. The word "Psalms" means "songs to the accompaniment of a stringed instrument.” It is the prayer and praise book of the Bible.


KEY VERSE: 95:1


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Prayer, praise, intercession, and confession are all part of true worship.




MAIN CHARACTERS: There are several people mentioned in Psalms, either in the Psalm itself or in the title of the Psalm:


-Abimelech (Achish): I Samuel 21:10-15

-Absalom: I Samuel 13

-Ahimelech: I Samuel 22:9-19

-Aram-naharaim: Armeans of northwest Mesopotamia

-Aram-zobath: Armeans of central Syria

-Asaph: Levite, family of singers: II Chronicles 5:12

-Bath-sheba: II Samuel ll

-Cush the Benjamite (Shimel): II Samuel 16:5-14

-Doeg the Edomite: I Samuel 22:9-23

-Ethan the Ezrahite (A wise man in Solomon's time): I Kings 4:31

-Heman the Ezrahite (Levite family of singers): II Chronicles 5:12

-Jeduthun (Chief musician in the temple): I Chronicles 16:41-42

-Korah (Levite, head of the temple musicians):I Chronicles 6:22

-Nathan (Prophet of God): II Samuel 12:1-14

-Sons of Korah (Musical Levite family): I Chronicles 6:22

-Ziphites: I Samuel 23:19


OUTLINE


It is difficult to outline the book of Psalms as each chapter focuses on different subject matter. Many of the Psalms have titles which either tell the occasion when the Psalm was written or the purpose of the Psalm. Some of the Psalms were not given titles so we can only speculate as to when and why they were written. The Harvestime International Institute course entitled "Creative Bible Study Methods" provides a special study form for outlining each chapter in Psalms. The general outline of this book consists of five major divisions:


Part One:                   Psalms l-41


Number of Psalms:                 41

Summary of content:              Concerns man, his state of blessedness, fall, and recovery.

Key word:                               Man

Final doxology:                      41:13


Part Two:                  Psalms 42-72


Number of Psalms:                 31

Summary of content:              Israel, her ruin, her Redeemer

Key word:                               Deliverance

Final doxology:                      42:18-19


Part Three:                Psalms 73-89


Number of Psalms:                 17

Summary of content:              The sanctuary, looking forward to its establishment.

Key word:                               Sanctuary

Final doxology:                      89:52


Part Four:                 Psalms 90-106


Number of Psalms:                 17

Summary of content:              The earth: The blessing needed, anticipated, and enjoyed.

Key words:                             Unrest, wandering (which describes the believer's position in the                                                 present world)

Final doxology:                      106:48


Part Five:                  Psalms 107-150


Number of Psalms:                 44

Summary of content:              The Word of God

Key words:                             Word of God

Final doxology:                      150:6






















SELF-TEST



1. Who was the author of the book of Psalms?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Psalms.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Psalms written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Psalms.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Psalms.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________






(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter of this manual.)

FOR FURTHER STUDY



INSTRUMENTS MENTIONED IN PSALMS:


            -Alamoth: High-pitched harps

            -Gittith: Similar to the modern guitar

            -Mahalath: Flutes

            -Mahalath Leannoth: Special flutes played in times of mourning

            -Sheminith: A lyre or five stringed harp


TYPES OF PSALMS:


Psalms Of Instruction: The word "Maschil" in the title means these and other Psalms are to be used for instruction or teaching. (Psalms 32, 44, 52, and 78 are examples.)


Psalms Of Adoration: In these Psalms God's greatness, mercy, love, and power are the theme. (See Psalms 8, 29.)


Psalms Of History: These recall historical events of the nation of Israel. (See Psalms 78, 105 and 106.)


Psalms Of Supplication: Making requests of God. (An example is Psalm 86.)


Psalms Of Thanksgiving: An example is Psalm 18.


Imprecatory Psalms: The word "imprecatory" means cursing. These Psalms are not for personal revenge nor is bad language used. As a prophet of God, the writer speaks out against sin and the enemies of God. (Examples of these are Psalms 35, 55, 58, 59, 69, 83, 109, 137 and 140.)


Confession Psalms: Examples are Psalms 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130 and 143.


Messianic Psalms: These Psalms, or portions of them, give prophecies relating to the coming of the Messiah, Jesus Christ. They are recorded on the next page to enable your further study:









Prophecies Concerning Jesus In The Book Of Psalms

                   

 

Psalm                                                                         New Testament Fulfillment

 

8:3-8                                                   Hebrews 2:5-10; I Corinthians 15:27

 

72:6-17                                               This will be fulfilled in the future

 

89:3-4,26, 28-29,34-37                       Acts 2:30

 

109:6-19                                             Acts 1:16-20

   

132:12b                                               Acts 2:30

   

45:6-7                                                 Hebrews 1:8-9

   

102:25-27                                           Hebrews 1:10-12

    

110:1-7                                               Matthew 22:43-45; Acts 2:33-35;

                                                            Hebrews 1:13; 5:6-10; 6:20,7-24

 

2:1-12                                                 Acts 4:25-28; 13:33; Hebrews 1:5; 5:5

 

16:10                                                  Acts 2:24-31; 13:35-37

     

22:1-31                                               Matthew 27:35-46; John 19:23-25; Hebrews 2:12

 

40:6-8                                                 Hebrews 10:5-10

 

69:25                                                  Acts 1:16-20













CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE


PROVERBS

OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Proverbs.

          Identify to whom the book of Proverbs was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Proverbs.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Proverbs from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Proverbs.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Solomon, the son of King David, wrote most of the Proverbs. It is recorded in I Kings 4:32 that Solomon spoke three thousand proverbs under the inspiration of God. Some of these are preserved for us by the Holy Spirit in the book of Proverbs. Two chapters in Proverbs are written by authors with another name: Agur wrote chapter 30 and Lemuel wrote chapter 31. Some of the Proverbs Solomon set in order himself. This means he not only wrote them but also arranged them in the order in which they are presented in the Bible. Other Proverbs of Solomon were put in their order by King Hezekiah’s men


TO WHOM: Israel, but the truths for practical living are applicable to all believers.


PURPOSE: The purposes of this book are given in Proverbs 1:1-6. Read them in your Bible. An introduction to Proverbs is given in Ecclesiastes 12:8-14. Read this passage in your Bible.


KEY VERSE: 3:13


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Vertical wisdom is necessary for horizontal living. Proverbs is a collection of wise principles given by God to man (vertical) to govern living with others (horizontal).


MAIN CHARACTERS: The authors, Solomon, King Lemuel, and Agur. The woman apart from God is called the "strange woman.” The final chapter of Proverbs presents a contrast to her by describing the "virtuous woman" who knows God.





OUTLINE


The word "proverbs" means "a brief saying instead of many words." Each verse in Proverbs is a concise summary of an important truth. It is difficult to make a general outline of the book because each chapter and sometimes each verse within the chapter deals with a different subject. The reason for writing these brief sayings or "proverbs" is to condense wisdom to help us remember spiritual truths better. The Proverbs are short summaries of great spiritual truths. Here is a general outline of the book:


I.         Introduction: 1:1-6


II.        Lessons on wisdom: 1:7-9:18


            A.        The call of wisdom: 1:7-33

            B.        The rewards of wisdom: 2:1-7:27

            C.        Praise of divine wisdom: 8:1-9:18


III.       Miscellaneous proverbs of Solomon set in order himself: 10:1-22:16


(From this chapter through chapter 25 are various observations about Christian virtues and their opposite sinful attitudes and responses.)


IV.      Collections of proverbs of wise men: 22:17-24:34


V.        Proverbs of Solomon set in order by Hezekiah's scribes: 25:1-29:27


            A.        Observations about kings; quarrels; relationships with others: 25:1-28

            B.        Comments on fools, sluggards, and busybodies: 26:1-28

            C.        Self-love, true love; offenses; thoughts on household care: 27:1-27

            D.        Contrasts of the wicked and righteous: 28:1-28

            E.        Proverbs about public government and private affairs: 29:1-27


VI.      A proverb of Agur: Confessions and instructions: 30:1-33


VII.     A proverb of Lemuel: A lesson in chastity and temperance; praise of a good wife:             31:1-31








SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Proverbs?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Proverbs.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Proverbs written?


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Proverbs.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Proverbs.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________






(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Key words to study in Proverbs include:


                -wisdom

                -knowledge

                -instruction

                -folly

                -fear, fear of the Lord

                -life

                -law (commandments) righteousness/evil/justice

                -my son


2. Study the following groups mentioned in Proverbs:


                -Seven things God hates: 6:16-19

                -Two things the author requests of God: 30:7-9

                -Four things which are never satisfied: 30:15-16

                -Four things which the earth finds unbearable: 30:21-23

                -Four wonderful things: 30:18-19

                -Four small but wise things: 30:24-28

                -Four stately rulers: 30:29-31


3. Study the different fools mentioned in Proverbs:


                -The simple fool: 1:4,22; 7:7; 21:11

                -The hardened fool: 1:7; 10:23; 12:23; 17:10; 20:3; 27:22

                -The arrogant fool: 3:34; 21:24; 22:10; 29:8

                -The brutish fool: 17:21; 26:3; 30:22


4. Record what the book of Proverbs teaches on the following subjects:


                -A good name                      -Self control                -Masters/servants

                -Youth and discipline          -Strong drink              -Anger/strife

                -Business matters                            -Friendship                 -Rich/poor, poverty/wealth

                -Marriage                                         -Words/tongue            -Women

                -Immorality                         -Wisdom and folly      -Oppression

                -Evil companions                            -Laziness/work           -Scorners

                -Wisdom                              -Proud/humble



CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO


ECCLESIASTES


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Ecclesiastes.

          Identify to whom the book of Ecclesiastes was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Ecclesiastes.

          Write the Key Verse of the book of Ecclesiastes from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Ecclesiastes.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Solomon


TO WHOM: Israel and believers in general with a special emphasis towards youth.


PURPOSE: A description of the quest for life apart from God.


KEY VERSE: 12:13


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Life apart from God is futile.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Solomon. No other characters are mentioned by name.


OUTLINE


I.         Searching by personal experimenting: 1:1-2:26


            A.        By wisdom: 1:12-18

            B.        By pleasure: 2:1-11

            C.        A comparison of the two: 2:12-23

            D.        The first tentative conclusion: 2:24-26


II.        Searching by general observation: 3:1-5:20


            A.        Of natural order: 3:1-22

            B.        Of human society: 4:1-16

            C.        His advice in view of these two: 5:1-17

                        1.         Regarding religion: 5:1-7

                        2.         Regarding society: 5:8

                        3.         Regarding riches: 5:9-17

            D.        The third tentative conclusion: 5:18-20


III.       Searching by practical morality: 6:1-8:17


            A.        Economic level: 6:1-12

            B.        Reputation: 7:1-22

            C.        Education: 7:23-8:1

            D.        Social position: 8:2-14

            E.        The third tentative conclusion 8:15-17


IV.      The search reviewed: 9:1-12:12


Solomon concludes the following about life apart from God (references relate back to his discussion of these facts):


            A.        It is utterly futile: 2:11

            B.        It is filled with repetition: 3:1-8

            C.        It is filled with sorrow: 4:1

            D.        It is grievous and frustrating: 2:17

            E.        It is uncertain: 9:11-12

            F.        It is without purpose: 4:2,3; 8:15

            G.        It is incurable: 1:15

            H.        It is unjust: 7:15; 8:14; 9:11; 10:6-7

            I.         It is on the level of animal existence: 3:19


V.        The search concluded; A final conclusion: 12:13-14


            A.        What we should do: 12:13

                        1.         Fear God: 12:13

                        2.         Keep His commandments: 12:13

            B.        Why we should do it: 12:13b-14

                        1.         It is the whole duty of man: 12:13b

                        2.         We will someday be judged: 12:14








SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Ecclesiastes?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Ecclesiastes.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Ecclesiastes written?


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Ecclesiastes.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Ecclesiastes.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________







(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter of this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Study the ten vanities:


                -Human wisdom: 2:15-16

                -Human labor: 2:19-21

                -Human purpose: 2:26

                -Human rivalry: 4:4

                -Human awareness: 4:7

                -Human fame: 4:16

                -Human dissatisfaction: 5:10

                -Human coveting: 6:9

                -Human frivolity: 7:6

                -Human system of awards: 8:10,14


2. The word "heart" is used 40 times in Ecclesiastes. Read the book to discover what the book has to say about the heart.


3. Make a list of all of Solomon's possessions and experiences in chapter 2. Note in verse 10 that he had "whatever he desired." Observe the results in verse 11: All was vanity. Note the steps which made him realize this: He looked, he turned, he saw, he said in his heart.


4. Study the key word of Ecclesiastes "vanity" which is used 37 times.


5. Note the phrase "under the sun." This is life when spiritual values are ruled out and one dwells only on the world. This phrase occurs 25 times. As you study Ecclesiastes, list Solomon's conclusions about life apart from God (for example, 2:11). Compare this kind of life to the life found in Jesus Christ.


6. The Bible records that King Solomon tried all of the following things trying to give meaning to his life:


-Human wisdom: Ecclesiastes 1:16-18                     -Wealth: Ecclesiastes 2:7-8

-Alcohol: Ecclesiastes 2:3                                         -International reputation: I Kings 10:6-7

-Pleasure: Ecclesiastes 2:1-3                                     -Music: Ecclesiastes 2:8

-Building projects: Ecclesiastes 2:4                           -Literature: I Kings 4:32

-Beautiful gardens and parks: Ecclesiastes 2:4-6      -Military power: I Kings 4:26 and 9:26

-Personal indulgences: Ecclesiastes 2:7                    -Natural science: I Kings 4:33

-Sex: I Kings 11:3


CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE

                 

SONG OF SOLOMON



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the Song of Solomon.

          Identify to whom the book was written.

          State the purpose for the Song of Solomon.

          Write the Key Verse of the Song of Solomon from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the Song of Solomon.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Solomon


TO WHOM: Israel and all believers


PURPOSE: To show the relationship between Jesus and the Church as demonstrated by the marriage relationship.


KEY VERSE: 8:7


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: The divine model of love between a man and his wife is the pattern for relationship between Christ and the Church.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Solomon who represents the bridegroom (Jesus Christ); the Shulamite girl who is the bride (the Church); and the daughters of Jerusalem.


OUTLINE


To understand this book you must realize that it has four levels of interpretation:

 

l. It is a model of the relationship which should exist between a man and his wife.

2. It is an example of God's relationship with His people, Israel.

3. It is an example of the relationship between Christ and the Church.

            4. It is an example of the individual relationship between Christ and the believer.


This book is written in dialogue (conversational) form. The best outline for study is in terms of this dialogue. The characters and the order in which they speak are as follows:


            CHARACTER                                              REFERENCE


            Bride                                                               1:2-7

            Bridegroom                                                    1:8-11

            Bride                                                               1:12-14

            Bridegroom                                                    1:15

            Bride                                                               1:16-17; 2:1

            Bridegroom                                                    2:2

            Bride                                                               2:3-6

            Bridegroom                                                    2:7

            Bride                                                               2:8 to the word "me" in verse 10

            Bridegroom                                                    2:10 from word "rise" to verse 15

            Bride                                                               2:16-17; 3:1-4

            Bridegroom                                                    3:5

            Bride                                                               3:6-11

            Bridegroom                                                    4:1-5

            Bride                                                               4:6

            Bridegroom                                                    4:7 to the word "out" in verse 16

            Bride                                                               4:16 from the word "let"

            Bridegroom                                                    5:1

            Bride                                                               5:2-8

            Daughters of Jerusalem                                  5:9

            Bride                                                               5:10-16

            Daughters of Jerusalem                                  6:1

            Bride                                                               6:2-3

            Bridegroom                                                    6:4-9

            Daughters of Jerusalem                                  6:10

            Bridegroom                                                    6:11-12

            Daughters of Jerusalem                                  6:13

            Bridegroom                                                    7:1-9

            Bride                                                               7:10-13; 8:1-3

            Bridegroom                                                    8:4

            Daughters of Jerusalem                                  8:5 to the word "beloved"

            Bridegroom                                                    8:5 from the word "I"

            Bride                                                               8:6-8

            Bridegroom                                                    8:9

            Bride                                                               8:10-12

            Bridegroom                                                    8:13

            Bride                                                               8:14



SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the Song of Solomon?


______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the Song of Solomon.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the Song of Solomon written?


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the Song of Solomon.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of the Song of Solomon.


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Study the characteristics of the bridegroom as described by the bride. These are natural parallels or descriptions of the spiritual qualities of our bridegroom, the Lord Jesus Christ:


-Swift as a gazelle (animal like a deer) leaping over the hills: 2:9

-Ruddy and handsome, the fairest of ten thousand: 5:10

-His head was covered by wavy, dark hair, pure as gold: 5:11

-His eyes were deep and quiet, like doves beside brooks of water: 5:12

-His lips were like lilies and his breath like myrrh: 5:13

-His cheeks were like sweet beds of spice: 5:13

-His body was bright ivory with jewels: 5:14

-His arms were like round bars of gold set with topaz stones: 5:14

-His legs were like pillars of marble set in sockets of finest gold, like the cedar trees of

 Lebanon: 5:15


2. Study the natural characteristics of the bride as described by the bridegroom. Remember. . . these are symbolic parallels of spiritual truth. How do these relate to you spiritually as part of the "bride of Christ"?


-She was the most beautiful girl in the world: 1:8

-She was like a bouquet of flowers in a garden: 1:14

-Her eyes were like those of doves: 1:15

-She was like a lily among the thorns: 2:2

-Her hair was like flocks of goats which played across the slopes of Gilead: 4:1

-Her teeth were as white as sheep's wool: 4:2

-Her lips were like a thread of scarlet: 4:3

-Her lips were like honey: 4:11

-Her neck was as stately as the tower of David: 4:4

-Her bosom was like twin fawns feeding among the lilies: 4:5

-She was like a lovely orchard, bearing precious fruit: 4:13

-She was like a garden fountain, a well of living water, refreshing as the streams from the

 Lebanon mountains: 4:15

-Her thighs were like jewels, the work of the most skilled craftsmen: 7:1

-Her waist was like a heap of wheat set about with lilies: 7:2

-Her navel was as lovely as a goblet filled with wine: 7:2

-Her nose was like the Tower of Lebanon overlooking Damascus: 7:4

-He was overcome by just a glance of her beautiful eyes: 4:9





INTRODUCTION TO


THE BOOKS OF PROPHECY


The final group of books in the Old Testament contain the writings of the prophets.


The people of Israel became a nation, were redeemed from slavery in Egypt, and God brought them into their own land. They were given a law to live by, but they were constantly failing in their commitment to God.


With idol worship, civil war, immorality, and unconcern, Israel needed to be recalled again and again to the purpose of their existence. The prophets were men raised up by God to call the people back to God. Several of these books were written during a time period when the nation of Israel was divided into two separate kingdoms: Israel and Judah.


The books of the prophets include the following:


Isaiah: Warns of coming judgment against Judah because of their sins against God.


Jeremiah: Written during the later decline and fall of Judah. Tells of the coming judgment and urges surrender to Nebuchadnezzar.


Lamentations: Jeremiah's lament over Babylon's destruction of Jerusalem.


Ezekiel: Warns first of Jerusalem's impending fall and then foretells its future restoration.


Daniel: The prophet Daniel was captured during the early siege of Judah and taken to Babylon. This book provides both historic and prophetic teaching important in understanding Bible prophecy.


Hosea: Theme of this book is Israel's unfaithfulness, punishment, and restoration.


Joel: Tells of the plagues which foreshadowed future judgment.


Amos: During a period of material prosperity but moral decay, Amos warns Israel and surrounding nations of God's future judgment on their sin.


Obadiah: God's judgment against Edom, an evil nation located south of the Dead Sea.


Jonah: The story of the prophet Jonah who preached repentance in Ninevah, capitol of the Assyrian empire. The book reveals God's love and plan of repentance for the Gentiles.


Micah: Another prophecy against Israel's sin. Foretells the birthplace of Jesus 700 years before the event happened.


Nahum: Tells of the impending destruction of Ninevah which was spared some 150 years earlier through Jonah's preaching.


Habakkuk: Reveals God's plan to punish a sinful nation by an even more sinful one. Teaches that "the just shall live by faith."


Zephaniah: Judgment and restoration of Judah.


Haggai: Urges the Jews to rebuild the temple after a l5 year delay due to enemy resistance.


Zechariah: Further urging to complete the temple and continue spiritual development. Foretells Christ's first and second comings.


Malachi: Warns against spiritual shallowness and foretells the coming of John the Baptist and Jesus.


The chart on the following page tells when and to whom the prophets ministered.























Old Testament Prophets



Prophet                                  Prophesied To                                               Dates


Jonah                                      Assyria                                               Before Captivity (800-650)


Nahum                                    Assyria                                               Before Captivity (800-650)


Obadiah                                  Edom                                                  Before Captivity (800)


Hosea                                      Israel                                                   Before Captivity (750)


Amos                                      Israel                                                   Before Captivity (750)


Isaiah                                      Judah                                                  Before Captivity (800-606)


Jeremiah/Lamentations          Judah                                                  Before Captivity (800-606)


Joel                                         Judah                                                  Before Captivity (800-606)


Micah                                     Judah                                                  Before Captivity (800-606)


Habakkuk                               Judah                                                  Before Captivity (800-606)


Zephaniah                               Judah                                                  Before Captivity (800-606)


Ezekiel                                    Judah                                                  During Captivity (606-536)

 

Daniel                                     Judah                                                  During Captivity (606-536)


Haggai                        Judah                                                  After Captivity (536-400)


Zechariah                                Judah                                                  After Captivity (536-400)


Malachi                                   Judah                                                  After Captivity (536-400)







CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR


ISAIAH



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

 

          Name the author of the book of Isaiah.

          Identify to whom the book of Isaiah was written.

          State the purpose for the book of Isaiah.

          Write the key verse of the book of Isaiah from memory.

          State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Isaiah.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Isaiah


TO WHOM: Judah


PURPOSE: Correction and reproof.


KEY VERSE: 53:6


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Rebellion leads to retribution. Repentance leads to restoration.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Isaiah, Hezekiah


OUTLINE


Part One


I.         Prophecies concerning Judah and Jerusalem: 1:1-12:6


            A.        General introduction: 1:1-31

            B.        Millennial blessing by cleansing: 2:1-4:6

            C.        Punishment for Israel's sins: 5:1-30

            D.        The prophet's call and commission: 6:1-13

            E.        The prophecy of Immanuel: 7:1-25

            F.        The prophecy of the Assyrian invasion: 8:1-22

            G.        Messianic prediction and warning: 9:1-21

            H.        Punishment of Assyria: 10:1-34

            I.         Restoration and blessing: 11:1-16

            J.         Worship: 12:1-6


II.        Prophecies against foreign nations: 13:1-23:18


            A.        Babylon: 13:1-14:23

            B.        Assyria: 14:24-27

            C.        Philistia: 14:28-32

            D.        Moab: 15:1-16:14

            E.        Damascus: 17:1-14

            F.        Land beyond the rivers of Ethiopia: 18:1-7

            G.        Egypt: 19:1-25

            H.        Egypt and Ethiopia: 20:1-6

            I.         Dumah: 21:11-12

            J.         Arabia: 21:13-17

            K.        Valley of vision: 22:1-25

            L.        Tyre: 23:1-18


III.       Prophecy of the establishment of the Kingdom: 24:1-27:13


            A.        The tribulation: 24:1-23

            B.        The character of the kingdom: 25:1-12

            C.        The testimony of restored Israel: 26:1-27:13


IV.      Prophecy concerning Judah in relation to Assyria:


            A.        The fall of Samaria: 28:1-13

            B.        Warning to Judah: 28:14-29

            C.        The attack of Zion: 29:1-4

            D.        The attacker frustrated: 29:5-8

            E.        Reasons for the trial: 29:9-16

            F.        Blessings of final deliverance: 29:17-24

            G.        Warning against an Egyptian alliance: 30:1-14

            H.        Exhortation to rely on God for help: 30:15-31:9

            I.         The day of the Lord: 34:1-17

            J.         The kingdom blessing: 35:1-10





Connecting Link


Chapters 36 through 39 are a historical transition from the Assyrian to the Babylonian period:


I.         Sennacherib's invasion: 36:1-37:38

II.        Hezekiah's sickness and recovery: 38:1-22

III.       Arrival of Babylonian envoy and captivity: 39:1-8


Part Two


I.         Comfort of the Exiles in the promise of restoration: 40:1-66:24


            A.        The promise of restoration: 40:1-11

            B.        The basis of comfort: God's character: 40:12-31

            C.        The reason for comfort: 41:1-29

            D.        The Comforter: 42:1-25

            E.        The results of the comfort: 43:1-47:15

                        l.         The nation restored: 43:1-45:25

                        2.         The downfall of idols of Babylon: 46:1-13

                        3.         Downfall of Babylon: 47:1-15

            F.        Exhortation of comfort for those who are delivered from captivity: 48:1-22


II.        Comfort of the exiles with the prophecy of Jesus the Redeemer: 49:1-57:21


            A.        Call and work: 49:1-26

            B.        Obedience and faithfulness: 50:1-11

            C.        Redemption of Israel: 51:1-52:12

            D.        Atonement and exaltation: 52:13-53:12

            E.        Israel's restoration: 54:1-17

            F.        Worldwide salvation: 55:1-13

            G.        His warnings and promises: 56:1-57:21


III.       Comfort of the exiles with the prophecy of the future glory of Israel: 58:1-66:24


            A.        Obstacles to the restoration and their removal: 58:1-59:21

            B.        Glory of Jerusalem in the Messianic age: 60:1-22

            C.        Blessings of the Messiah for Israel and the world: 61:1-11

            D.        God's love for Jerusalem and its results: 62:1-12

            E.        Christ's conquest of Israel's enemies results in acknowledgement of past national                         deliverances: 63:1-14

            F.        Prayer of the remnant: 63:15-64:12

            G.        God's answer: 65:1-25

            H.        Blessings of the Messianic Kingdom: 66:1-24


SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Isaiah?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Isaiah.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Isaiah written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Isaiah.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. Write the Key Verse of Isaiah.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________




(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)