Basic Bible Survey


Part Two


New Testament



AMES BIBLE COLLEGE &

HARVESTIME INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE


This course is part of the Harvestime International Institute, a program designed to equip believers for effective spiritual harvest.


The basic theme of the training is to teach what Jesus taught, that which took men who were fishermen, tax collectors, etc., and changed them into reproductive Christians who reached their world with the Gospel in a demonstration of power.


This manual is a single course in one of several modules of curriculum which moves believers from visualizing through deputizing, multiplying, organizing, and mobilizing to achieve the goal of evangelizing.


For further information on additional courses write:


Harvestime International Institute

3092 Sultana Dr.

Madera, California 93637

U.S.A.




© Harvestime International Institute


TABLE OF CONTENTS


How To Use This Manual      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           I

Suggestions For Group Study.           .           .           .           .           .           .           II

Course Introduction    .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           1

Course Objectives      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           2


THE NEW TESTAMENT


Introduction To The Gospels  .           .           .           .           .           .           .           3

 1. Matthew    .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           4

 2. Mark          .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           18

 3. Luke          .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           24

 4. John           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           33


Introduction To The Book Of History            .           .           .           .           .           .           45

 5. Acts           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           46

 

Introduction To The Letters   .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           61

 6. Romans      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           63

 7. I and II Corinthians           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           77

 8. Galatians    .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           96

 9. Ephesians               .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           104

10. Philippians           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           114

11. Colossians           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           121

12. I and II Thessalonians      .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           130

13. I and II Timothy  .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           139

14. Titus        .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           155

15. Philemon .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .                       162

16. Hebrews  .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           166

17. James       .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           174

18. I and II Peter        .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           182

19. I, II, and III John              .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           192

20. Jude         .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           201


Introduction To The Book Of Prophecy         .           .           .           .           .           .           207

21. Revelation           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           .           208

Answers To Self-Tests.          .           .           .           .           .           .           .                      217




HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL




MANUAL FORMAT


Each lesson consists of:


Objectives: These are the goals you should achieve by studying the chapter. Read them before starting the lesson.


Key Verse: This verse emphasizes the main concept of the chapter. Memorize it.


Chapter Content: Study each section. Use your Bible to look up any references not printed in the manual.


Self-Test: Take this test after you finish studying the chapter. Try to answer the questions without using your Bible or this manual. When you have concluded the Self-Test, check your answers in the answer section provided at the end of the book.


For Further Study: This section will help you continue your study of the Word of God, improve your study skills, and apply what you have learned to your life and ministry.


Final Examination: If you are enrolled in this course for credit, you received a final examination along with this course. Upon conclusion of this course, you should complete this examination and return it for grading as instructed.




ADDITIONAL MATERIALS NEEDED


You will need a King James version of the Bible.




I









SUGGESTIONS FOR GROUP STUDY


FIRST MEETING


Opening: Open with prayer and introductions. Get acquainted and register the students.


Establish Group Procedures: Determine who will lead the meetings, the time, place, and dates for the sessions.


Praise And Worship: Invite the presence of the Holy Spirit into your training session.


Distribute Manuals To Students: Introduce the manual title, format, and course objectives provided in the first few pages of the manual.


Make The First Assignment: Students will read the chapters assigned and take the Self-Tests prior to the next meeting. The number of chapters you cover per meeting will depend on chapter length, content, and the abilities of your group.


SECOND AND FOLLOWING MEETINGS


Opening: Pray. Welcome and register any new students and give them a manual. Take attendance. Have a time of praise and worship.


Review: Present a brief summary of what you studied at the last meeting.


Lesson: Discuss each section of the chapter using the HEADINGS IN CAPITAL BOLD FACED LETTERS as a teaching outline. Ask students for questions or comments on what they have studied. Apply the lesson to the lives and ministries of your students.


Self-Test: Review the Self-Tests students have completed. (Note To Instructor: If you do not want the students to have access to the answers to the Self-Tests, you may remove the answer pages from the back of each manual.)


For Further Study: You may do these projects on a group or individual basis.


Final Examination: If your group is enrolled in this course for credit, you received a final examination with this course. Reproduce a copy for each student and administer the exam upon conclusion of this course.


II

Module:         Deputizing

Course:          Basic Bible Survey



INTRODUCTION



The many references to the Old Testament by Jesus during His earthly ministry illustrate the importance He placed on knowing the content of the Scriptures. Because Jesus stressed the importance of God's Word to the men He trained, Harvestime International Institute presents this course, "Basic Bible Survey," as part of its training program to equip men and women to reach their nations with God's message.


Volume One of "Basic Bible Survey" introduces the Bible and discusses its translations and various versions. It presents an overview of Biblical history, geography, and life in Bible times. It also teaches outlining skills and presents an outline for each book in the Old Testament.


This manual, Volume Two, continues the study with an outline for each book in the New Testament. Information presented on each Bible book includes the author, the people to whom the book was written, the purpose of the book, the key verse, a list of main characters, and an outline of the content.


A Life and Ministry Principle is also stated for each book. These principles are basic truths vital to Christian maturity and ministry which you should seek to incorporate into your own life. Helpful charts, maps, and time lines summarizing important facts in condensed form are also included in both volumes of "Basic Bible Survey."


"Basic Bible Survey" is a companion course of "Creative Bible Study Methods" which teaches various ways to study the Bible. Both courses are designed to enrich your personal study of God's Word.










COURSE OBJECTIVES



Upon completion of this course you will be able to:


-Create and expand outlines of books of the Bible.


-For each New Testament book, state the following:


            -Author


            -To whom the book was written


            -When it was written


            -Purpose of the book


            -Key Verse


            -Life and Ministry Principle


-Continue with a more detailed study of God's Word upon completion of this course.




















INTRODUCTION TO THE GOSPELS


The first four books in the New Testament are the Gospels. These books record the birth, life, ministry, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The approach of each book differs:


Matthew: Emphasizes Jesus Christ as King and was directed especially to the Jews. The book opens with the royal genealogy and closes with the King commissioning His disciples.


Mark: Emphasizes Jesus Christ as the Servant of God and was directed to the Romans. No genealogy is given since Jesus is portrayed as a servant and no one is interested in the pedigree of a servant. The book closes with the Lord "working with them," laboring as a servant with His disciples.


Luke: Presents Jesus Christ as the "Son of Man," the perfect man and Savior of imperfect men. Luke 3 traces the human genealogy of Jesus back to Adam. Luke ends with this perfect man, Jesus, ascending back up to Heaven to His Father.


John: Stresses Jesus in His position as the Son of God. The book opens with Jesus the Word revealed as God. The closing verse of John indicates that the world could not contain all Jesus did during His earthly ministry. This is further evidence He was truly the Son of God.


JEWISH SECTS


The Jews of New Testament times belonged to different sects or groups. The following groups are mentioned in the Gospels:


Pharisees: Their religion centered on obedience to the law which they interpreted, extended, followed, and enforced. They followed not only the written law but also oral tradition which had been passed from generation to generation. They were the largest group of Jews and the most influential. They believed in resurrection after death.


Sadducees: They were the governing group. They did not believe in the resurrection. They accepted only the teaching written in the law and not what had been handed down orally. They were aligned politically with the Romans who ruled Israel at the time of Christ.


Essences: These were strict legalists who looked for two messiahs to come. They lived in segregated communities.


Zealots: These were fanatical nationalists who advocated violence as a means of liberation from Roman rule.




CHAPTER ONE


MATTHEW



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:


-Name the author of the book of Matthew.

-Identify to whom the book of Matthew was written.

-State the purpose for the book of Matthew.

-Write, from memory, the Key Verses of the book of Matthew.

-State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Matthew.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Matthew


TO WHOM: To all believers, although the first intended audience was the Jews to whom he presented Jesus as the Messiah, the Son of David.


PURPOSE: To present the ministry of Jesus, stressing His role as King of the Jews.


KEY VERSES: 28:19-20


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: The final command of Jesus to His followers was to go to all nations with the Gospel.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Jesus, the twelve disciples


OUTLINE


Part One: The Genealogy Of The King 1:1-17


I.         Introduction: 1:1


II.        People in the genealogy: 1:2-16


III.       The plan of the genealogy: 1:17


Part Two: The Birth Of The King 1:18-2:23


I.         The conception: 1:18-23


II.        The birth: 1:24-25


III.       Events related to the birth: 2:1-23


            A.        Visit of the wise men and Herod's plot: 2:1-12

            B.        The flight into Egypt: 2:13-15

            C.        Herod's revenge: 2:16-18

            D.        Return to the Nazareth home: 2:19-23


Part Three: Preparation 3:1-4:11


I.         Preparation for the King's coming: 3:1-17


            A.        The ministry and message of John the Baptist: 3:1-12

            B.        The baptism of the King: 3:13-17


II.        Preparation of the King: 4:1-11


            A.        His humanity attacked by Satan: 4:1-4

            B.        His divinity attacked by Satan: 4:5-7

            C.        His Lordship attacked by Satan: 4:8-11


Part Four: Ministry Of The King In Galilee 4:12-13:58


I.         A call to repentance: 4:12-17


II.        Four fishermen called to discipleship: 4:18-22


III.       Early success and fame: 4:23-25


IV.      Principles of conduct for Kingdom citizens: 5:1-7:28


            A.        Attitudes that should characterize Kingdom citizens: 5:1-12

            B.        The witness of Kingdom citizens: Light and salt: 5:13-16

            C.        Kingdom principles in relation to the law and the prophets: 5:17-48

                        l.         God's law in general: 15:17-20

                        2.         The new law: 15:21-48

                                    a.         Killing: 15:21-26

                                    b.         Adultery: 15:27-30

                                    c.         Divorce: 15:31-32

                                    d.         Oaths: 15:33-37

                                    e.         Treatment of others: 15:38-48

            D.        Three attitudes of worship in the Kingdom: 6:1-18

                        1.         Giving: Outward look: 6:1-4

                        2.         Praying: Upward look: 6:5-15

                        3.         Fasting: Inward look: 6:16-18

            E.        Priorities for Kingdom citizens: 6:19-33

                        l.         In relation to values: 6:19-21

                        2.         In relation to service: 6:22-24

                        3.         In relation to material needs: 6:25-34

                        4.         The proper priority: The Kingdom: 6:33

            F.        Proper conduct for Kingdom citizens: 7:1-29

                        l.         Judging: 7:1-5

                        2.         Care for that which is holy: 7:6

                        3.         Prayer: 7:7-12

                                    a.         Three kinds of prayer: Asking, seeking, knocking: 7:7-8

                                    b.         A comparison between the response of natural fathers and the                                                 Heavenly Father: 7:9-11

            G.        Special warnings to Kingdom citizens: 7:13-29

                        l.         Two gates: 7:13-14

                        2.         False prophets: 7:15-20

                        3.         The proof of God's man: Doing His will: 7:21-23

                        4.         A comparison of wise and foolish men: 7:24-27

            H.        Astonishment at the doctrine of Jesus: 7:28-29


V.        The authority of the King: 8:1-9:38


            A.        Authority over disease: 8:1-17

                        l.         Healing of a leper: 8:1-4

                        2.         Healing of the Centurion's servant: 8:5-13

                        3.         Healing of Peter's mother-in-law: 8:14-15

                        4.         Healing of all types of diseases: 8:16-17

            B.        Authority over His disciples: 8:18-22

            C.        Authority over natural elements: 8:23-27

            D.        Authority over demons: 8:28-34

            E.        Authority over sin: 9:1-8

            F.        Authority over men: 9:9-17

                        l.         The calling of Matthew: 9:9

                        2.         Eating with sinners: 9:10-13

                        3.         Answering a challenge: 9:14-17

            G.        Authority over death: The ruler's daughter: 9:18-19, 23-26

            H.        Authority over physical conditions: 9:20-38

                        l.         Woman with the issue of blood: 9:20-22

                        2.         Blindness: 9:27-31

                        3.         Deafness and demon possession: 9:32-34

                        4.         The compassion of Jesus: 9:35-38


VI.      Commissioned by the King: 10:1-42


            A.        The twelve missionaries and their authority: 10:1-4

            B.        Instructions for the journey: 10:5-42

                        l.         Where to go: 10:5-6

                        2.         The ministry: 10:7-8

                        3.         Material instructions: 10:9-15

                        4.         Spiritual instructions: 10:16-42


VII.     Attitudes towards the Kingdom: 11:1-30


            A.        The Kingdom misunderstood: 11:1-11

            B.        The Kingdom perverted: 11:12-19

            C.        The Kingdom rejected: 11:20-24

            D.        The Kingdom accepted: 11:25-30


VIII.    Controversies with the Pharisees: 12:1-14


            A.        Harvesting on the Sabbath: 12:1-8

            B.        Healing on the Sabbath: 12:9-13

            C.        The results: 12:14-21


IX.      The unpardonable sin: 12:22-37


X.        Christ's reply to demands of the Pharisees: 12:38-45


XI.      The priority of spiritual over physical relationships in the Kingdom: 12:46-50


XII.     Parables of the Kingdom: 13:1-53


            A.        Parable of the sower: 13:1-9

            B.        The reason for speaking in parables: 13:10-17

            C.        Interpretation of the parable of the sower: 13:18-23

            D.        Parable of the tares: 13:24-30

            E.        Parable of the mustard seed: 13:31-32

            F.        Parable of the leaven: 13:33

            G.        A summary concerning parables: 13:34-35

            H.        Interpretation of the parable of the tares: 13:36-43

            I.         Parable of the treasure hidden in a field: 13:44

            J.         Parable of the pearl of great value: 13:45-46

            K.        Parable of the dragnet: 13:47-50

            L.        Concluding remarks about parables: 13:51-52


XIII.    The King's reception in His home town: 13:53-58


Part Five: Ministry In Regions Near Galilee 14:1-18:35


I.         The death of John the Baptist: 14:1-12


II.        Jesus' withdrawal beyond the sea: 14:13-15:20


            A.        Feeding the 5,000: 14:13-21

            B.        Following for loaves and fishes: 14:22-23

            C.        Walking on the sea: 14:24-33

            D.        Ministry in Gennesaraet: 14:34-36

            E.        Controversy with the Pharisees and Scribes: 15:1-20


III.       Jesus' withdrawal to the region of Tyre and Sidon: 15:21-28


            A.        The women of Tyre and Sidon: 15:21-28


IV.      Jesus' withdrawal to the vicinity of Decapolis: 15:29-38


            A.        Healing ministry near the Sea of Galilee: 15:29-31

            B.        Feeding the 4,000: 15:32-38


V.        Ministry in the regions of Magadan: 15:39-16:4


VI.      Warning the disciples concerning the Pharisees and the Sadducees: 16:5-12


            A.        Seeking for a sign: 16:1-4

            B.        Warning concerning their doctrine: 16:5-12


VII.     Withdrawal to Caesarea-Philippi: 16:13-17:21


            A.        Testing the disciples: 16:13-20

            B.        Announcement of His death, resurrection, and return: 16:21-28

            C.        The transfiguration: 17:1-13

            D.        Healing of a lunatic: 17:14-20


VIII.    A brief visit to Galilee: 17:22-18:35


            A.        A reminder of His death and resurrection: 17:22-23

            B.        Paying the temple tax: 17:24-27

            C.        A lesson in greatness: 18:1-6

            D.        Warnings concerning offenses: 18:7-9

            E.        Parable of the lost sheep: 18:10-14

            F.        Settling disputes among Kingdom citizens: 18:15-35

                        1.         How to settle disputes: 18:15-17

                        2.         The responsibilities and privileges of Kingdom citizens: 18:18-20

                        3.         A question on forgiveness: 18:21-22

                        4.         The King and his debtors: 18:23-35


Part Six: Ministry Of The King In Perea 19:1-20:34


I.         Healing multitudes in Judea: 19:1-2


II.        The question concerning divorce: 19:3-12


III.       Children blessed by Jesus: 19:13-15


IV.      Interview with the rich young ruler: 19:16-22


V.        The peril of riches: 19:23-30


VI.      Parable of the householder: 20:1-16


VII.     Impending death and resurrection of Jesus: 20:17-19


VIII.    A mother's selfish request: 20:20-28


IX.      Two blind men healed near Jericho: 20:29-34


Part Seven: The King's Last Week 21:1-27:31


I.         The royal entry into Jerusalem: 21:1-11


II.        Cleansing the temple: 21:12-17


III.       The fig tree cursed: 21:18-22


IV.      The authority of Jesus challenged: 21:23-32


V.        Parable of the wicked husbandmen: 21:33-46


VI.      Parable of the marriage feast: 22:1-14


VII.     Attempts to discredit Jesus: 22:15-45


            A.        Question of paying taxes to Caesar: 22:15-22

            B.        Question concerning the resurrection: 22:23-33

            C.        Question of the great commandment: 22:34-40

            D.        Questions by Jesus: 22:41-46


VIII.    Discussion concerning the Scribes and Pharisees: 23:1-39


            A.        They pretend religious authority: 23:1-3

            B.        They impose burdens: 23:4

            C.        They covet praise: 23:5-7

            D.        Advice to His disciples: 23:8-12

            E.        Woes upon the Scribes and Pharisees: 23:13-36

            F.        The cry over Jerusalem: 23:37-39


IX.      The future of the Kingdom: 24:1-25:46


            A.        The destruction of the temple: 24:1-2

            B.        Signs of the end: 24:3-14

            C.        The tribulation period: 24:15-22

            D.        The return of Jesus: 24:23-31

            E.        Parable of the fig tree: 24:32-35

            F.        The day of the Lord: 24:36-41

            G.        The command to watch: 24:42-51

            H.        Parables concerning the end times: 25:1-46

                        l.         The ten virgins: 25:1-13

                        2.         The talents: 25:14-30

                        3.         The sheep and goats: 25:31-46


X.        Events prior to the crucifixion: 26:1-27:31


            A.        Announcement of approaching death: 26:1-2

            B.        The plot to kill Jesus: 26:3-5

            C.        Anointed for burial: 26:6-13

            D.        Agreement of Judas to betray Jesus: 26:14-16

            E.        The Last Supper: 26:17-29

                        l.         Preparations for the Passover: 26:17-19

                        2.         The Last Supper: 26:20-29

                        3.         Jesus' warning and Peter's boast: 26:30-35

            F.        Gethsemane: 26:36-46

            G.        Betrayal and arrest: 26:47-56

            H.        The trials of Jesus: 26:57-27:26


Part Eight: The King's Death And Triumph 27:27-28:20


I.         The crucifixion and burial: 27:27-66


            A.        The mockery of the soldiers: 27:27-31

            B.        The road to and death on Calvary: 27:32-54

            C.        The faithful women, the burial, and tomb guard: 27:55-66


II.        The resurrection: 28:1-15


III.       The Great Commission: 28:16-20

























SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Matthew?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Matthew.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Matthew written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Matthew.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. From memory, write the Key Verse of Matthew.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)




FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. The book of Matthew can be viewed in three groups of ten incidents: The Sermon on the Mount consists of 10 principal components (chapters 5-6). The next chapters (8-10) record 10 miracles. The next group of chapters (11-18) record 10 representative reactions by people to Jesus. Study Matthew using this pattern.


2. Study the life of Matthew. He was a publican (Matthew 5:3). He became a disciple of Jesus (Matthew 9:9). He was later appointed an apostle (Matthew 10:3) and he became the writer of this Gospel which bears His name.


3. Study the temptation of Jesus in Matthew 4. Use the chart to help you understand the story of the temptation:


The Temptation Of Christ


The Temptation                    Realm Of                               The "ifs"                                           Christ's Answer                                            Temptation                                                                            From Scripture


 

Stones                         Physical                      If Thou be God's Son  Deuteronomy 8:3

                                    (hunger)


Pinnacle of                  Spiritual                      If Thou be God's son  Psalms 91:11-12

the Temple                                                                                                      Deuteronomy 6:16


Kingdoms of               Material                      If Thou will                            Deuteronomy 6:13

the world                                                        worship me


4. In Matthew chapters 1 and 2 there are several Old Testament Scriptures quoted. Compare the following:


            Matthew 1:23             Isaiah 7:14

            Matthew 2:2               Jeremiah 23:5; Zechariah 9:9

            Matthew 2:6               Micah 5:2

            Matthew 2:15             Hosea 11:1; Exodus 4:22

            Matthew 2:18             Jeremiah 31:15

            Matthew 2:23             Isaiah 11:1


5. From Matthew chapter 10 list as many characteristics of discipleship as you can find.




6. Study Matthew 20:17-28. List the contrasts between worldly leaders and the leadership described by Jesus.


7. Read Matthew 23 and list at least 10 commandments for Christian leaders.


8. Study the following Old Testament references related to Matthew 21:1-17: Zechariah 9:9; II Kings 9:13; Exodus 30:13; Psalms 118:26; Leviticus 1:14; Isaiah 56:7; Jeremiah 7:11; Psalms 8:2


9. Study the following key words in Matthew: Kingdom, Heaven, Kingdom of Heaven, go.


10. Study the prayers of Jesus:


    -At His baptism:                                                                  Luke 3:21

    -In a solitary place:                                                              Mark 1:35

    -In the wilderness:                                                               Luke 5:16

    -All night before choosing the disciples:                                         Luke 6:12

    -Before His invitation, "Come unto Me":                Matthew 11:25-27

    -At the feeding of the 5,000:                                                John 6:11

    -After the feeding of the 5,000:                                           Matthew 14:23

    -When He gave the Lord's prayer:                                       Luke 11:1-4

    -At Caesarea-Philippi:                                                         Luke 9:18

    -Before His transfiguration:                                                 Luke 9:28-29

    -For little children:                                                              Matthew 19:13

    -Before the raising of Lazarus from the dead:                     John 11:41-42

    -In the temple:                                                                     John 12:27-28

    -At the supper:                                                                     Matthew 26:26-27

    -For Peter:                                                                                       Luke 22:32

    -For the disciples and His future followers:                        John 17

    -In Gethsemane:                                                                  Matthew 26:36,39,42,44

    -On the cross:                                                                      Luke 23:24

    -At Emmaus:                                                                       Luke 24:30













11.       Study the miracles of Jesus:


                                                            Matthew                    Mark                          Luke                        John


Leper                                                  8:2-3                           1:40-42           5:12-13

Centurion's servant                             8:5-13                                                 7:1-10

Peter's mother-in-law                         8:14-15                       1:30-31                                   4:38-39

Two Gadarenes                                  8:28-34                       5:1-15             8:27-35

Paralyzed man                                    9:2-7                           2:3-12             5:18-25

Woman with hemorrhage                   9:20-22                       5:25-29           8:43-48

Two blind men                                   9:27-31

Man dumb and possessed                   9:32-33

Withered hand                        12:10-13                     3:1-5               6:6-10

Blind, dumb possessed                       12:22                                                  11:14

Canaanite woman's girl                      15:21-28                     7:24-30

Boy with epilepsy                               17:14-18                     9:17-29           9:38-43

Blind men                                           20:29-34                     10:46-52         18:35-43

Deaf and dumb man                                                               7:31-37

Man possessed, synagogue                                                     1:23-26           4:33-35

Blind man at Bethsaida                                                          8:22-26

Woman bent double                                                                                       13:11-13

Man with dropsy                                                                                            14:1-4

Ten lepers                                                                                                       17:11-19

Malchus' ear                                                                                                   22:50-51

Official's son                                                                                                                          4:46-54

Sick man, Bethesda                                                                                                                5:1-9

Man born blind                                                                                                                       9:1-7

Calming storm                                    8:23-27                       4:37-41           8:22-25

Walking on water                               14:25                          6:48-51

5,000 fed                                             14:15-21                     6:35-44           9:12-17           6:5-13

4,000 fed                                             15:32-38                     8:1-9

Coin in fish's mouth                           17:24-27

Fig tree withered                                21:18-22                     11:12-26

Catch of fish                                                                           5:1-11

Water into wine                                                                                                                      2:1-11

Another catch of fish                                                                                                              21:1-11

Jarius' daughter                                   9:18-25                       5:22-42           8:41-56

Widow's son                                                                                                   7:11-15

Lazarus                                                                                                                                   11:1-44





12. Study the parables of Jesus:


                                                Matthew                    Mark                                      Luke

 

Lamp under a bushel              5:14-15                       4:21-22                       8:16; 11:33

House on rock                        7:24-27                                                           6:47-49

New cloth                               9:16                            2:21                            5:36

New wine                               9:17                            2:22                            5:37-38

Sower and soils                      13:3-8                         4:3-8                           8:5-8

Mustard seed                          13:31-32                     4:30-32                       13:18-19

Tares                                       13:24-30

Leaven                        13:33                                                              13:20-21

Hidden treasure                      13:44

Pearl                                       13:45-46

Drag net                                  13:47-48

Lost sheep                              18:12-13                                                         15:4-6

Two debtors                            18:23-24

Workers in vineyard               20:1-16

Two sons                                21:28-31

Wicked tenants                       21:33-41                     12:1-9                         20:9-16

Wedding feast             22:2-14

Fig tree                                   24:32-33                     13:28-29                     21:29-32

Ten bridesmaids                     25:1-13

Talents/pounds                       25:14-30                                                         19:12-27

Sheep and goats                      25:31-36

Seed time to harvest                                                   4:26-29

Creditor and the debtors                                                                                 7:41-43

Good Samaritan                                                                                              10:30-37

Friend in need                                                                                                 11:5-8

Rich fool                                                                                                         12:16-21

Alert servants                                                                                                 12:35-40

Faithful steward                                                                                              12:42-48

Fig tree without figs                                                                                       13:6-9

Places of honor                                                                                               14:7-14

Great banquet                                                                                                 14:16-24

Counting the cost                                                                                            14:28-33

Lost coin                                                                                                         15:8-10

Prodigal son                                                                                                    15:11-32

Dishonest steward                                                                                          16:1-8





                                                Matthew        Mark                          Luke


Rich man and Lazarus                                                            16:19-31

Master and servant                                                                 17:7-10

Persistent widow                                                                    18:2-5

Pharisee and tax collector                                                       18:10-14







































CHAPTER TWO


MARK


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:


-Name the author of the book of Mark.

-Identify to whom the book of Mark was written.

-State the purpose for the book of Mark.

-Write, from memory, the Key Verse of the book of Mark.

-State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Mark.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Mark


TO WHOM: To all believers, although the first intended audience was the Romans to whom he presents Jesus as a servant.


PURPOSE: To present the ministry of Jesus, stressing His role as a servant and the Son of man.


KEY VERSE: 10:45


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: We should seek to minister rather than to be ministered to.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Jesus, the twelve disciples


OUTLINE


I.         The period of preparation: 1:1-13


            A.        The beginning of the Gospel: 1:1-3

            B.        The ministry of John the Baptist: 1:4-8

            C.        The baptism of Jesus: 1:9-11

            D.        The temptation of Jesus: 1:12-13


II.        The Galilean Ministry: 1:14-6:30


            A.        The beginning of the ministry of Jesus: 1:14-15

            B.        The call of four fisherman: 1:16-20

            C.        Healing of a demon possessed man: 1:21-28

            D.        Healing of Peter's mother-in-law: 1:29-31

            E.        Growing popularity: 1:32-34

            F.        The quiet time: 1:35-37

            G.        The first tour of Galilee: 1:38-39

            H.        Healing of a leper: 1:40-45

            I.         Healing of a paralyzed man: 2:1-12

            J.         The call of Matthew: 2:13-14

            K.        A celebration, criticism, and reply: 2:15-22

            L.        The Sabbath controversy: 2:23-3:6

            M.       Ministry by the sea: 3:7-12

            N.        The ordaining of the twelve disciples: 3:13-19

            O.        The zeal of Jesus: 3:20-21

            P.        The unpardonable sin: 3:22-30

            Q.        True relationship with Jesus: 3:31-35

            R.        A series of parables: 4:1-34

                        l.         The parable of the soils: 4:1-20

                        2.         The parable of the lamp: 4:21-25

                        3.         The parable of gradual growth: 4:26-29

                        4.         The parable of the mustard seed: 4:30-34

            S.        A storm at sea: 4:35-41

            T.        The healing of a demoniac: 5:1-20

            U.        The daughter of Jarius and the woman with the issue of blood: 5:21-43

            V.        Rejection at Nazareth: 6:1-6

            W.       The mission of the twelve disciples: 6:7-13

            X.        The death of John the Baptist: 6:14-29

            Y.        The report of the twelve: 6:30


III.       The period of withdrawal: 6:31-9:50


            A.        The feeding of the 5,000: 6:31-46

            B.        Walking on water: 6:47-52

            C.        The ministry at Gennesaret: 6:53-56

            D.        The rebuking of the Pharisees: 7:1-23

            E.        The Syrophoenician woman: 7:24-30

            F.        Healing of a deaf mute: 7:31-37

            G.        Feeding of the 4,000: 8:1-9

            H.        A demand for a sign: 8:10-13

            I.         A warning about leaven: 8:14-21

            J.         Healing of the blind man: 8:22-26

            K.        An examination and lesson at Caesarea Philippi: 8:27-9:1

            L.        The transfiguration of Jesus: 9:2-10

            M.       The problem of Elias: 9:11-13

            N.        The healing of a demoniac boy: 9:14-29

            O.        Final teaching in Galilee: 9:30-50


IV.      The ministry in Perea and Judea: 10:1-52


            A.        A lesson about divorce: 10:1-12

            B.        The blessing of children: 10:13-16

            C.        The rich young ruler: 10:17-22

            D.        A warning on the peril of riches: 10:23-27

            E.        A discussion concerning rewards: 10:28-31

            F.        The prediction of Jesus's death: 10:32-34

            G.        A request for prominence: 10:35-45

            H.        The healing of Bartimaeus: 10:46-52


V.        Events of the final week: 11:1-15:47


            A.        The royal entry to Jerusalem: 11:1-11

            B.        Cursing the barren fig tree: 11:12-14

            C.        Cleansing of the temple: 11:15-19

            D.        A lesson about faith: 11:20-26

            E.        A challenge to Christ's authority: 11:27-33

            F.        The parable of the husbandmen: 12:1-12

            G.        A question about tribute: 12:13-17

            H.        The problem of the resurrection: 12:18-27

            I.         A question about the Great Commandment: 12:28-34

            J.         A question about the Christ: 12:35-37

            K.        A warning against Scribes: 12:38-40

            L.        The widow's mite: 12:41-44

            M.       Faith for the future: 13:1-37

            N.        The plot of the Sanhedrin: 14:1-2

            O.        Dinner in Bethany: 14:3-9

            P.        The plot of Judas: 14:10-11

            Q.        The Passover: 14:12-21

            R.        The Last Supper: 14:22-26

            S.        Peter's denial foretold: 14:27-31

            T.        Prayer in Gethsemane: 14:32-42

            U.        The betrayal and arrest: 14:43-52

            V.        The Jewish trial: 14:53-65

            W.       The denials of Peter: 14:66-72

            X.        The Roman trial: 15:1-21

            Y.        The crucifixion of Jesus: 15:22-41

            Z.        The burial of Jesus: 15:42-47


VI.      The resurrection of Jesus: 16:1-8


            A.        First at the tomb: 16:1-3

            B.        The empty tomb: 16:4-6

            C.        The commission to preach the resurrection message: 16:7-8


VII.     The appearances of Jesus: 16:9-14


            A.        To Mary Magdalene: 16:9-11

            B.        To two disciples: 16:12-13

            C.        To the eleven disciples: 16:14


VIII. The Great Commission: 16:15-18


IX.      The ascension of Jesus to Heaven: 16:19


X.        Fulfilling the Commission: 16:20


























SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Mark?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Mark.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Mark written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Mark.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. From memory, write the Key Verse of Mark.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Study the key words of the book of Mark: Straightway, forthwith, and immediately.


2. Study the life of Mark , the author of this book which bears his name. See Acts 12:12,25; 13:5,13; 15:37-39; Colossians 4:10; Philemon 23-24; and I Peter 5:13. Mark is also mentioned in the Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) as he was one of the 12 disciples of Jesus.


3. Jesus appeared many times after His resurrection, confirming that He truly did rise from the dead. He appeared to the following:


-Mary Magdalene:                                                      Mark 16:9-10

-The other women:                                                     Matthew 28:9-10

-Two disciples on the way to Emmaus:                      Mark 16:12-13; Luke 24:13-32

-Peter:                                                                         Luke 24:34

-The disciples without Thomas:                                 Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36; John 29:19

-The disciples with Thomas:                                      John 20:26-31

-The seven beside the Sea of Galilee:                         John 21

-The disciples in Galilee:                                            Matthew 28:16-20

-James:                                                                       I Corinthians 15:7

-Those with Him on the Mount of Ascension:           Mark 16:19; Luke 24:44; Acts 1:3

-Paul:                                                                          I Corinthians 15:5-8


4. Jesus faced many false accusations from His enemies. Study Mark 2:1-3:6 and complete the following chart:

                                    2:1-12                         2:13-17           2:18-22           2:23-28           3:1-6

______________________________________________________________________________Occasion

______________________________________________________________________________

Accusers

______________________________________________________________________________

Accusation

______________________________________________________________________________

Spoken to whom

______________________________________________________________________________

Jesus' defense

______________________________________________________________________________

Result

______________________________________________________________________________






CHAPTER THREE


LUKE


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:


-Name the author of the book of Luke.

-Identify to whom the book of Luke was written.

-State the purpose for the book of Luke.

-Write, from memory, the Key Verse of the book of Luke.

-State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Luke.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Luke


TO WHOM: All believers, although the first intended audience was the Greeks to whom he presented Jesus as the perfect man. He also addresses one specific believer, Theophilus.


PURPOSE: The purpose is to write an orderly account of the ministry of Jesus (Luke 1:1-4).


KEY VERSE: Luke 19:10


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Our mission is identical to that of Jesus: To reach the lost with the good news of the Gospel.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Jesus, the twelve disciples


OUTLINE


Part One: Preparation 1:1-2:52


I.         Introduction:


            A.        The note to Theophilus: 1:1-4

            B.        The vision of Zechariah: 1:5-25

            C.        The vision of Mary: 1:26-38

            D.        The visit of Mary to Elizabeth: 1:39-56

            E.        The birth of John the Baptist: 1:57-80


II.        Birth and childhood of Jesus:


            A.        The birth of Jesus: 2:1-7

            B.        The visit of the shepherds: 2:8-20

            C.        The circumcision and naming of Jesus: 2:21

            D.        The presentation of Jesus: 2:22-40

            E.        The visit of Jesus to the Temple: 2:41-52


Part Two: The Beginning Of Christ's Ministry 3:1-4:3


I.         The ministry of John the Baptist: 3:1-20


II.        The baptism of Jesus: 3:21-22


III.       The genealogy of Jesus: 3:23-38


IV.      The temptation of Jesus: 4:1-13


Part Three: Jesus In Galilee 4:14-9:62


I.         The rejection of Jesus in Nazareth: 4:14-30


II.        The demon possessed man in the synagogue at Capernaum: 4:31-37


III.       The healing of Peter's mother-in-law: 4:38-39


IV.      Further miracles and preaching: 4:40-44


V.        A miraculous catch of fish and the call of Simon Peter, James, and John: 5:1-11


VI.      The cleansing of a leper: 5:12-16


VII.     The forgiving and healing of a paralyzed man: 5:17-26


VIII.    The call of Matthew: 5:27-28


IX.      The feast with publicans: 5:29-32


X.        Remarks about fasting: 5:33-39


XI.      Plucking and eating grain on the Sabbath: 6:1-5


XII.     Healing of a withered hand: 6:6-11


XIII.    Choice of the twelve disciples: 6:12-16


XIV.   The sermon on the Mount: 6:17-49


XV.     Healing of a centurion's servant: 7:1-10


XVI.   Raising a widow's son from the dead: 7:11-17


XVII.  The question of John the Baptist: 7:18-35


XVIII. Anointing by and forgiveness of the sinful woman: 7:36-50


XIX.   Preaching with support from certain women: 8:1-3


XX.     The parable of the seed and the soils: 8:4-15


XXI.   Parable of the candle: 8:16-18


XXII.  True spiritual relationship: 8:19-21


XXIII. Stilling the storm: 8:22-25


XXIV. Healing the demoniac: 8:26-40


XXV. Healing the woman with the issue of blood and raising Jarius' daughter: 8:40-56


XXVI. The mission of the twelve disciples: 9:1-6


XXVII. The death of John the Baptist: 9:7-9


XXVIII. Feeding of the 5,000: 9:10-17


XXIX. Peter's confession: 9:18-21


XXX.   Prediction of Christ's death: 9:22


XXXI. A call to discipleship: 9:23-27


XXXII. The transfiguration: 9:28-36


XXXIII.The deliverance of a demon possessed boy: 9:37-45


XXXIV.A lesson on greatness: 9:46-48


XXXV.Remarks on tolerance: 9:49-50


Part Four: Jesus On The Way To Jerusalem 10:1-19:48


I.         Determination to go to Jerusalem and the rejection by a Samaritan village: 9:51-56


II.        Remarks on discipleship: 9:57-62


III.       The mission of the seventy: 10:1-24


IV.      The parable of the good Samaritan: 10:25-37


V.        Dinner with Mary and Martha: 10:38-42


VI.      Teaching on prayer: 11:1-13


VII.     Defense against the charge of Satanic power: 11:14-26


VIII.    The importance of keeping God's Word: 11:27-28


IX.      Seeking for a sign: 11:29-36


X.        Exposing the Pharisees and Scribes: 11:37-54


XI.      Warnings: 12:1-59


            A.        Against hypocrisy: 12:1-12

            B.        Against covetousness: 12:13-21

            C.        Against anxiety: 12:22-34

            D.        About servants waiting for masters: 12:35-48

            E.        About understanding Christ's mission: 12:49-59


XII.     A call to repentance: 13:1-9


XIII.    The healing of the woman with the spirit of infirmity: 13:10-17


XIV.   Parables: 13:18-30


            A.        The mustard seed: 13:18-19

            B.        The leaven: 13:20-21

            C.        The narrow door: 13:22-30


XV.     A message from and to Herod: 13:31-33


XVI.   A lament over Jerusalem: 13:34-35


XVII.  Healing of a man with dropsy: 14:1-6


XVIII. Parables:


            A.        The marriage feast: 14:7-14

            B.        The great banquet: 14:15-24

            C.        The builder: 14:25-30

            D.        The king who goes to war: 14:31-35

            E.        The lost sheep: 15:1-7

            F.        The lost coin: 15:8-10

            G.        The prodigal son: 15:11-32

            H.        The unjust steward and further comments on the Pharisees: 16:1-18

            I.         The rich man and Lazarus: 16:19-31


XIX.               Offenses: 17:1-4


XX.                 Increasing faith: 17:5-10


XXI.               Healing of the lepers: 17:11-19


XXII.              The future of the Kingdom of God: 17:20-37


XXIII. Parable of the widow and the unjust judge: 18:1-8


XXIV. Parable of the Pharisee and the publican: 18:9-14


XXV.              Welcoming little children: 18:15-17


XXVI. The rich young ruler: 18:18-30


XXVII.Prediction of the death and resurrection of Jesus: 18:31-34


XXVIII.Healing of the blind man near Jericho: 18:35-43


XXIX. The conversion of Zacchaeus: 19:1-10


XXX.              The parable of the pounds: 19:11-27


Part Five: Jesus In Jerusalem 19:28-24:53


I.         Events prior to the death of Jesus: 19:28-23:25


            A.        The triumphal entry: 19:28-48

            B.        Temple disputes: 20:1-47

                        l.         The question of authority: 20:1-8

                        2.         The parable of the faithless tenants: 20:9-18

                        3.         The question of tribute to Caesar: 20:19-26

                        4.         The question of the resurrection: 20:27-40

                        5.         A question and a warning: 20:41-47

            C.        Temple teachings: 21:1-38

                        l.         The widow's offering: 21:1-4

                        2.         The future: 21:5-28

                        3.         The warning to watch: 21:29-38

            D.        Passover and the final night: 22:1-71

                        l.         The plot against Jesus: 22:1-6

                        2.         The preparation for the Passover: 22:7-13

                        3.         The Last Supper: 22:14-23

                        4.         True greatness: 22:24-30

                        5.         The warning to Peter: 22:31-34

                        6.         Warning to the disciples: 22:35-38

                        7.         Prayer in the garden: 22:39-46

                        8.         The arrest of Jesus: 22:47-53

                        9.         Peter's denials: 22:54-62

                        10.       The trial of Jesus: 22:63-71

                                    a.         Abuse by the soldiers: 22:63-65

                                    b.         Condemnation by the Sanhedrin: 22:66-71

                                    c.         The hearing before Herod: 23:1-12

                                    d.         The hearing before Pilate: 23:13-25


II.        The death of Jesus: 23:26-56


            A.        The crucifixion: 23:26-49

                        l.         On the way to Golgotha: 23:26-31

                        2.         The crucifixion and mocking of Jesus: 23:32-38

                        3.         The repentant criminal 23:39-43

                        4.         The death of Jesus: 23:44-49

                        5.         The burial of Jesus: 23:50-56


III.       The resurrection of Jesus: 24:1-12


IV.      The post-resurrection ministry: 24:13-49


            A.        The walk to Emmaus: 24:13-35

            B.        The appearance in Jerusalem: 24:36-49

            C.        A final charge: 24:44-49

            D.        The ascension of Jesus: 24:50-53






































SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Luke?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Luke.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of Luke written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Luke.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. From memory, write the Key Verse of Luke.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________





(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)



FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Luke, the author of this Gospel, also wrote the book of Acts. You will study Acts later in this course.


2. Study the life of Luke, the author of this book which bears his name. His story is recorded in the four Gospels and the book of Acts.


3. Study the following chart on the disciples of Jesus:

 

Name                                                  Original                                 Area Of Ministry

                                                Occupation


Peter                                       Fisherman                   First leader of church


James of Zebedee                   Fisherman                   Judea


John                                        Fisherman                   Jerusalem, Ephesus, banished to Patmos


Andrew                                   Fisherman                   Scythia, Greece, Asia


Philip                                      Unknown                    Phyrgia

 

Bartholomew                          Unknown                    Armenia (now Turkey & Iran)


Thomas                                   Unknown                    Parthia, Persia, India


Matthew                                 Tax collector              Ethiopia


James                                      Unknown                    Palestine, Egypt


Jude                                        Unknown                    Assyria, Persia


Simon the Zealot                    Unknown                    Unknown


Judas                                       Unknown                    None








CHAPTER FOUR


JOHN


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:


-Name the author of the book of John.

-Identify to whom the book of John was written.

-State the purpose for the book of John.

-Write, from memory, the Key Verse of the book of John.

-State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of John.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: John


TO WHOM: All believers, to whom John portrays Jesus as the Son of God.


PURPOSE: To convince that Jesus was the Messiah, the Son of God, and lead men to everlasting life.


KEY VERSE: John 20:31


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, source of salvation and way to everlasting life.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Jesus, John the Baptist, the twelve disciples


OUTLINE


Part One: Introduction 1:1-51


I.         Introducing Jesus, the Christ: 1:1-18


            A.        Jesus, the Word, was: 1:1-3

                        1.         From the beginning: 1:1

                        2.         With God: 1:1

                        3.         Was God: 1:1

                        4.         The creative word: 1:2-3

            B.        Jesus, the life and light: 1:4-13

                        1.         The life and light of men: 1:4

                        2.         The light which shown in darkness: 1:5

                        3.         The light of which John the Baptist gave witness: 1:6-8

                        4.         The true light of man: 1:9

                        5.         Not received by some: 1:10-11

                        6.         Received by others: 1:12-13

            C.        Jesus in the flesh: 1:14-18

                        1.         Born of God: 1:14

                        2.         The Word was made flesh and lived among us: 1:14

                        3.         John the Baptist gave witness of the Word made flesh: 1:15

            D.        Jesus, the fullness of God's grace: 1:16-18


II.        The witness of John: 1:19-34


            A.        To Jesus the Messiah: 1:19-28

                        l.         The questioning: 1:19-22

                        2.         The answer: 1:23

                        3.         The questioners: 1:24

                        4.         More questioning: 1:25

                        5.         The answer: 1:26-27

                        6.         The location of the dialogue: 1:28

            B.        To Jesus the Lamb and the Son: 1:29-36

                        l.         The baptism: 1:29-34

                        2.         The confession: 1:35-36


III.       The first disciples: 1:35-51


            A.        Andrew: 1:34-40

            B.        Simon: 1:40-42

            C.        Philip: 1:43-44

            D.        Nathaniel: 1:45-51


Part Two: Public Ministry 2:1-12:50


I.         Turning water into wine: 2:1-10


            A.        The setting: 2:1

            B.        The participants: 2:2

            C.        The problem: 2:3-5

            D.        The miraculous solution: 2:6-11


II.        Authority over the temple: 2:12-25


            A.        Transition to Jerusalem: 2:12-13

            B.        The cleansing of the temple: 2:14-22

                        l.         The cleansing: 2:14-16

                        2.         The disciples remember: 2:17

                        3.         The prophecy: 2:18-21

                        4.         The disciples remember: 2:22

            C.        Reaction to the cleansing: 2:23-25


III.       Conversation with Nicodemus: 3:1-21


            A.        The setting: 3:1-2

            B.        The declaration: 3:2

            C.        The response: 3:3

            D.        The first question: 3:4

            E.        The response: 3:5-8

            F.        The second question: 3:9

            G.        The response: 3:10-21


IV.      Verification of Jesus by John the Baptist: 3:22-36


            A.        The setting: 3:22-24

            B.        The question: 3:25-26

            C.        The answer: 3:27-36


V.        A mission among the Samaritans: 4:1-42


            A.        The setting in Samaria: 4:1-6

            B.        The witness to a woman: 4:7-26

            C.        The surprise of the disciples: 4:27

            D.        The witness of the woman in Samaria: 4:28-30

            E.        A vision for the disciples: 4:31-38

            F.        Results of the Samaritan mission: 4:39-42


VI.      A miracle in Galilee: 4:43-54


            A.        Transition to Galilee: 4:43-45

            B.        Healing of a nobleman's son: 4:46-54


VII.     Sickness to health on the Sabbath: 5:1-47


            A.        Healing on the Sabbath: 5:1-9

            B.        The Jews and the man who was healed: 5:10-13

            C.        Jesus and the man who was healed: 5:14

            D.        The Jews and the man who was healed: 5:15-18

            E.        A sermon following the healing: 5:19-47

                        l.         Jesus claims equality with God: 5:19-29

                                    a.         In works: 5:19-21

                                    b.         In resurrection: 5:21

                                    c.         In judgment: 5:22-29

                                    d.         In honor: 5:23

                        2.         Witnesses to the divine claims of Jesus: 5:30-40

                                    a.         A witness to Himself: 5:30-32

                                    b.         John the Baptist: 5:33-35

                                    c.         The works of Jesus: 5:36

                                    d.         The Father: 5:37-38

                                    e.         The Scriptures: 5:39

                        3.         Condemnation of unbelief: 5:40-47


VIII.    Christ the Bread of Life: 6:1-15


            A.        The setting: 6:1-4

            B.        The problem: 6:5-7

            C.        The feeding of the five thousand: 6:8-13

            D.        Disappointing results: 6:14-15


IX.      Fear into faith in the midst of a storm: 6:16-21


X.        The sequel to the feeding of the 5,000: 6:22-71


            A.        The "five thousand" reassembled: 6:22-24

            B.        Dialogue on the Bread of Life: 6:25-71

                        l.         The bread of Moses compared to that of Jesus: 6:25-34

                        2.         The bread that nourishes eternal life: 6:35-40

                        3.         The living bread from Heaven: 6:41-51

                        4.         The bread of Christ's death: 6:52-59

            C.        Results of the dialogue: 6:60-71

                        l.         Many turned back: 6:60-66

                        2.         Twelve were left: 6:67-71


XI.      Jesus at the Jerusalem feast: 7:1-53

            A.        Journey to Jerusalem: 7:1-10

            B.        Jesus in Jerusalem: A controversial figure: 7:11-13

            C.        Inconsistency of the critics of Jesus: 7:14-24

            D.        Jesus: The object of speculation: 7:25-36

            E.        The proclamation of Jesus: 7:37-39

            F.        The divided crowd: 7:40-44

            G.        The divided council: 7:45-53


XII.     Teaching in the temple: 8:1-59


            A.        The woman in adultery: 8:1-8:11

            B.        Jesus the light of the world: 8:12-20

            C.        Preview of the cross and reaction of the crowd: 8:21-30

            D.        The Jews and discipleship: 8:31-59

                        l.         Freedom through knowledge of truth: 8:31-36

                        2.         Sons of Abraham: 8:37-40

                        3.         Sons of Satan: 8:41-47

                        4.         A charge of demon possession: 8:48-52

            E.        Reaction to the teaching: Jesus versus Abraham: 8:52-59


XIII.    Jesus heals a blind man: 9:1-41


            A.        Man blind from birth is healed: 9:1-7

            B.        Reaction of the blind man's neighbors: 9:8-12

            C.        Reaction of the Pharisees: 9:13-34

                        l.         Interview with the blind man: 9:13-17

                        2.         Interview with his parents: 9:18-23

                        3.         Another interview with the blind man: 9:24-34

            D.        The conclusion: Jesus, the blind man, and the Pharisees: 9:35-41


XIV.   The pastoral dialogue: 10:1-42


            A.        The True Shepherd of the sheep: 10:1-6

            B.        The Door to the sheep fold: 10:7-10

            C.        The Good Shepherd of the flock: 10:11-18


XV.     Mounting hostility towards Jesus: 10:19-42


            A.        Division over demon possession: 10:19-21

            B.        A demand for plain talk: 10:22-24

            C.        Jesus' response: 10:25-30

            D.        Execution for blasphemy is prevented: 10:31-39

            E.        Refuge beyond Jordan: 10:40-42


XVI.   Death turned into life: 11:1-44


            A.        The setting: 11:1-6

            B.        The plan: 11:7-16

            C.        Dialogue on the significance of the event to follow: 11:17-27

            D.        The hopelessness of death: 11:28-39

            E.        The raising of Lazarus: 11:40-44

            F.        Results of the miracle: 11:45-12:11

                        l.         Reaction of some who believed: 11:45

                        2.         Reaction of the council: 11:46-53

                        3.         Implications for the security of Jesus: 11:54-57

                        4.         Anointed for death: 12:1-8

                        5.         Various reactions: 12:9-11


XVII.  King Jesus: 12:12-50


            A.        Increasing popularity of the King: 12:12-19

            B.        The visit of the Greeks to the King: 12:20-22

            C.        The death of the King: 12:23-50

                        1.         Prediction of the King's death: 12:23-27

                        2.         Assurance from the Father to the King: 12:28-30

                        3.         Witness by the King: 12:30-36

                        4.         Unbelief in the King: 12:37-43

                        5.         Belief in the King: 12:44-50


Part Three: Private Ministry 13:1-17:26


I.         The Last Supper: 13:1-38


            A.        An object lesson: Foot washing: 13:1-11

                        1.         The occasion: 13:1-3

                        2.         The act: 13:4-5

                        3.         The interpretation of the act: 13:6-17

            B.        Exposure of Judas: 13:18-30

            C.        Prediction of Jesus' departure: 13:31-35

            D.        Prediction of Peter's denials: 13:36-38


II.        A message of preparation and comfort: 14:1-27


            A.        The preparation: 14:1-4

            B.        The way: 14:5-15

            C.        The Comforter: 14:16-21,26

            D.        Manifestation to His own: 14:22-31


III.       Vital union with Jesus: 15:1-27

            A.        Union with the vine: 15:1-8

            B.        Union in love: 15:9-17

            C.        Disunion with the world: 15:18-25

            D.        Union with the Comforter: 15:26-27


IV.      Preview of the future: 16:1-33


            A.        Coming persecution foretold: 16:1-6

            B.        The Comforter to come: 16:7-16

            C.        Prophecy of Christ's return to Heaven: 16:16

            D.        The perplexed disciples: 16:17-19

            E.        Turning sorrow to joy: 16:20-30

            F.        Faith for the future: 16:31-33


V.        The prayer of Jesus: 17:1-26


            A.        For Himself: 17:1-8

            B.        For His present disciples: 17:9-19

            C.        For His future followers: 17:20-26


Part Four: The Final Days 18:1-19:42


I.         The capture: 18:1-14


            A.        Meeting in the Garden: 18:1

            B.        Betrayal of Judas: 18:2-3

            C.        The non-resistance of Jesus: 18:4-9

            D.        Violence waived by Jesus: 18:10-11

            E.        The departure to Annas: 18:12-14


II.        Peter's first denial: 18:15-18


III.       The hearing before Annas: 18:19-24


            A.        Testimony of defense: 18:19-21

            B.        Judgment by Annas: 18:22-24


IV.      The second denial by Peter: 18:25-26


V.        The third denial by Peter: 18:26-27


VI.      The hearing before Pilate: 18:28-19:16


            A.        Public hearing: 18:28-32

            B.        Private hearing: 18:33-38

            C.        Barabbas: 18:38-40

            D.        Abuse by the Romans: 19:1-3

            E.        Death demanded: 19:4-8

            F.        Pardon rejected: 19:9-16


VII.     The death of Jesus: 19:17-30


            A.        The crucifixion: 19:17-18

            B.        The obituary title: 19:19-22

            C.        A show of unconcern: 19:23-24

            D.        The bereaved: 19:25-27

            E.        The death of Jesus: 19:28-30


VIII.    The burial: 19:31-42


            A.        Inspection of the body: 19:31-37

            B.        The burial: 19:38-42


Part Five: Resurrection And Appearances 20:1-21:23


I.         The resurrection of Jesus: 20:1-31


            A.        The evidence of an open tomb: 20:1-10

            B.        The testimony of two messengers: 20:11-13

            C.        The witness of the risen Lord: 20:14-29

                        l.         To Mary Magdalene: 20:14-18

                        2.         To the disciples without Thomas: 20:19-25

                        3.         To the disciples and Thomas: 20:26-29

            D.        A summary conclusion: 20:30-31


II.        A meeting by the sea: 21:1-23


            A.        An unsuccessful night of fishing: 21:1-3

            B.        The solution of a Master Fisherman (Jesus): 21:4-6

            C.        Breakfast with Jesus: 21:7-14

            D.        Reconfirmation of Peter: 21:15-19

            E.        Origin of a legend: That the disciple John would never die: 21:20-23


Conclusion 21:24-25


I.         John is the disciple testifying and writing: 21:24

II.        There are many other things Jesus did which are not recorded by John: 21:25


SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of John?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of John.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of John written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of John.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. From memory, write the Key Verse of John.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________






(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)




FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Jesus makes several statements about Himself in the book of John. Each of these statements is preceded by the words "I am..." Study the following references:


            -I am He (the Messiah):                                              4:26; 8:24,28; 13:19; 18:5,6,8

            -I am the Bread of Life:                                              6:35,41,48,51

            -I am the Light of the World:                                     8:12

            -I am the Door:                                                           10:7,9

            -I am the Good Shepherd:                                          10:11,14

            -I am the Resurrection and the Life:                                       11:25

            -I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life:                      14:6

            -I am the Vine:                                                           15:1,5

            -Before Abraham, I AM:                                            8:58


2. Study the relationship of Jesus with God:


            -In working: 5:19                                            -In honor: 5:23

            -In knowing: 5:20                                           -In regenerating: 5:24-25

            -In resurrecting: 5:28-29                                 -In self-existence: 5:26

 

3. John tells of eight private interviews of Jesus with individuals or small groups:

 

            -Peter and Nathaniel:                                                  1:35-51

            -Nicodemus:                                                   3:1-21

            -The woman at Sychar:                                  4:6-26

            -The man born blind:                                      10:35-51

            -Martha and Mary:                                         11:1-57

            -The apostles:                                                 13:1-16:33

            -Mary Magdalene:                                          20:1-18

            -Peter:                                                             21:15-23


4. There are seven witnesses in John who proclaim Jesus as the Messiah:


            -John the Baptist: 1:34                                    -Thomas: 20:28

            -Nathaniel: 1:49                                              -John: 20:31

            -Peter: 6:69                                                     -Jesus Himself: 10:36

            -Martha: 11:27




5. Study the life of John the Baptist:


            -His office:                                                                 John 1:6-18

            -His clothes and food:                                                Matthew 3:4

            -His message:                                                 Matthew 3:2-10;

                                                                                                Luke 3:3-6,13-14; John 1:29

            -Predicted by:                                                             Isaiah (40:3-5) and Malachi (3:1)

            -His testimony:                                                           John 1:20,23,27; 3:29-30

            -His predictions:                                                         John 3:34-35; Luke 3:16

            -Reassurance that Christ was the Messiah:                Matthew 11:2-6

            -The tribute to John by Jesus:                                     Matthew 11:7-11


6. The Disciple John who wrote this Gospel also wrote I, II, and III John and the book of Revelation. You will study these later in this course.


7. Study the names of the Holy Spirit used by John:


            -Abiding Presence:     14:16-17

            -Teacher:                    14:25-26

            -Witness:                    15:26

            -Convictor:                 16:7-11

            -Guide:                       16:13-15


8. John presents Jesus as both the Son of God (His divine nature) and the Son of Man (His human nature). Study the following verses:


Son Of God: 1:34,49; 3:18; 5:25; 10:36; 11:4,27; 19:7, 20:31

Son Of Man: 1:51; 3:13-14; 5:27; 6:27,53,62; 8:28; 9:35; 12:23-24


9. In addition to using the title "Son of God" to stress the deity of Jesus, John used many other references to further confirm His divine nature. The deity of Jesus is mentioned at least once in each chapter in John: 1:49; 2:11; 3:16; 4:26; 5:25; 6:33; 7:29; 8:58; 9:37; 10:30; 11:27; 12:32; 13:13; 14:11; 15:1; 16:28; 17:1; 18:11; 19:7; 20:28; 21:14


10. Study the life of John, the author of this book:


            -His family: John 21:2, 19:25; Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40

            -His occupation: Mark 1:19-20

            -His leadership in the early church: Acts 4:1-22; 8:14-15; Galatians 2:9

            -His exile: Revelation 1:1,4,9




11. Study the various oppositions that arose against Jesus. Complete the chart below:


Reference       Source Of Opposition Type Of Opposition     Reason For Opposition

 5:16

   18

   43

 6:41

   52

   61,66

   70

 7:1

   5

   11

   12

   20

   27,30

   32

   41,44

   45

   47

 8:6

   13

   48,53,59

 9:16

   22

   24

10:19

   24,31

   39

11:46

   53

   56-57

12:4

   10

   19












INTRODUCTION


TO THE BOOK OF HISTORY



The book of Acts is the only history book in the New Testament. It records events after the ascension of Jesus back to Heaven and the day of Pentecost, including the birth and historical record of the first Church.


Use the following maps to study the geographical location of events in the book of Acts:





























CHAPTER FIVE


ACTS



OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:


-Name the author of the book of Acts.

-Identify to whom the book of Acts was written.

-State the purpose for the book of Acts.

-Write, from memory, the Key Verse of the book of Acts.

-State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Acts.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Luke


TO WHOM: All believers, although the book is specifically addressed to Theophilus.


PURPOSE: The book concerns what Jesus continued to do and teach after His ascension through His spiritual Body, the Church (Acts 1:1-2).


KEY VERSE: Acts 1:8


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: The true evidence of the Holy Spirit is directed power: Power to become witnesses for the purpose of extending the Gospel throughout the world.


MAIN CHARACTERS: John, Peter, Paul, Silas, Barnabas, John Mark, Philip, Stephen, Ananias and Sapphira, Dorcas, Cornelius, Felix, Agrippa.


OUTLINE


(Note: This outline follows the command of the Lord given in Acts 1:8 for the extension of the Gospel from Jerusalem to Judaea, Samaria, and the uttermost parts of the world).






Introduction

Acts 1:1-11


I.         Introduction: 1:1-2


            A.        To: Theophilus: 1:1

            B.        Concerning: What Jesus continued to do and teach after His ascension through                         His spiritual Body, the Church: 1:1-2


II.        The ministry of Jesus after the resurrection: 1:3


            A.        Its duration:    Forty days: 1:3

            B.        Its purpose:     Infallible proof: 1:3

            C.        Its message:    The Kingdom Of God: 1:3


III. The final meeting of Jesus with His disciples: 1:4-8


            A.        The command to the disciples: 1:4-5

            B.        The question of the disciples: 1:6

            C.        The caution to the disciples: 1:7

            D.        The commission to the disciples: 1:8


IV.      The ascension of Jesus into Heaven: 1:9-11


            A.        Description of the ascension: 1:9

            B.        Declaration of His second coming: 1:10-11


Part One:

Forming The Witness In Jerusalem

Acts 1:12-7


I.         The forming of the witness: 1:12-2:4


            A.        Christ's disciples waiting in Jerusalem: 1:12-26

                        1.         The gathering of the disciples: 1:12-15

                                    a.         Their meeting place: 1:12-13

                                    b.         Their number and names: 1:13-15

                                    c.         Their purpose: 1:14

                        2.         The exhortation given to the disciples: 1:15-22

                                    a.         The speaker: Peter: 1:15

                                    b.         The message 1:16-22

                                                (l) Background: 1:16-20

                                                (2) Instructions: 1:21-22

                        3.         The response of the disciples: 1:23-26

                                    a.         The nomination: 1:23

                                    b.         The prayer: 1:24-25

                                    c.         The election: 1:26

            B.        The baptism in the Holy Spirit: 2:1-4

                        1.         The occasion: 2:1

                        2.         The people: 2:1

                        3.         The place: 2:1

                        4.         The event: 2:2-4

                                    a.         The wind: 2:2

                                    b.         The tongues as of fire: 2:3

                                    c.         Speaking in tongues: 2:4


Part Two: Functioning Of The Witness In Jerusalem

Acts 2:5-7


I.         The first witness: 2:4-40


            A.        The manner in which the witness was given: 2:4-6

            B.        The reaction to the witness: 2:7-13

            C.        The sermon by Peter: 2:14-36

                        1.         Prophecy concerning the time: 2:17

                        2.         Prophecy concerning the spirit: 2: 17-18

                        3.         Prophecy concerning the event: 2:19-20

                        4.         Prophecy concerning salvation: 2:21

                        5.         The work of Jesus: 2:22-36

                                    a.         Jesus was approved of God: 2:22

                                    b.         Jesus was crucified: 2:23

                                    c.         Jesus arose from the dead: 2:24-32

                                    d.         Jesus is exalted at God's right hand: 2:33-35

                                    e.         Jesus is now the Lord and Christ: 2:36

            D.        Response to the message: 2:37-40

                        1.         Conviction: 2:37

                        2.         Inquiry: 2:37

                        3.         Instruction: 2:38

                        4.         Promises: 2:38-39

                        5.         Exhortation: 2:40


II. The first local church: 2:41-47


            A.        Membership of the first church: 2:41

                        1.         Their identity: They which received the Word.

                        2.         Their number: 3,000

            B.        Spiritual practices of the first church: 2:42

                        1.         The apostles' doctrine.

                        2.         The fellowship of the saints.

                        3.         Communion.

                        4.         Prayer.

            C.        The living pattern of the first church: 2:44-46

                        1.         Voluntary communal system: 2:44-45

                        2.         Daily worship and testimony: 2:46

                        3.         Fellowship in the homes: 2:46

                        4.         Unity: 2:46

            D.        The witness of the local church: 2:46-47

                        1.         Nature of the witness: 2:46-47

                        2.         Results of the witness: 2:47


III.       The first miracle: 3:1-26


            A.        The miracle described: 3:1-11

                        1.         The setting: 3:1

                        2.         The man and his need: 3:2-3

                        3.         The message: 3:4-6

                        4.         The miracle: 3:7-8

                        5.         The reaction of the multitude: 3:9-11

            B.        The miracle explained: 3:12-18

                        1.         The man was not healed by the power of the apostles: 3:12

                        2.         The man was healed by God for the purpose of glorifying Jesus: 3:13-15

                        3.         The man was healed by faith in the name of Jesus: 3:16

                        4.         The man was healed to demonstrate the fulfillment of prophecy: 3:17-18

            C.        The message of Peter: 3:19-26

                        1.         The promise made by Peter: 3:19-21

                                    a.         What God challenged Israel to do: 3:19

                                    b.         What God promised He would do: 3:19-21

                        2.         The prophecy of the prophets: 3:22-26

                                    a.         The prophecy by Moses and the prophets: 3:22-24

                                    b.         The promise of the covenant: 3:25

                                    c.         The plan of the Messiah: 3:26


IV.      The first opposition: 4:1-31

            A.        The arrest: 4:1-4

                        1.         Source of the opposition: 4:1

                        2.         Reason for the opposition: 4:2

                        3.         Form of the opposition: 4:3

            B.        The trial: 4:5-14

                        1.         The court: 4:5-6

                        2.         Questions of the court: 4:7

                        3.         Statement by Peter: 4:8-12

                                    a.         Source of his answer: 4:8

                                    b.         His answer: 4:9-10

                                    c.         His testimony concerning Jesus: 4:10-12

                                    d.         His declaration concerning salvation: 4:12

                        4.         The evidence considered by the court: 4:13-14

                                    a.         The character of the witnesses: 4:13

                                    b.         The testimony of the man who was healed: 4:14

                        5.         The decision: 4:15-22

                                    a.         The consultation: 4:15-17

                                    b.         The decision: 4:17-18

                                    c.         The response of Peter and John: 4:19-20

                                    d.         The release: 4:21-22

                        6.         The reaction: 4:21-31

                                    a.         The prayer of the church: 4:23-30

                                    b.         The activity of the church: 4:31


V.        The first discipline of sin: 4:32-5:16


            A.        Organization of the church: 4:32-37

                        1.         Its fellowship: 4:32

                        2.         Its witness: 4:33

                        3.         Its economy: 4:32-37

            B.        The first sin disrupting the fellowship: 5:1-10

                        1.         The sin: 5:1-2

                        2.         Exposure of the sin: 5:3-4

                        3.         Disciplining of the sin: 5:5-10

            C.        The results of discipline: Fruitful witness of the fellowship: 5:11-16

                        1.         Reverent attitude of the members: 5:11

                        2.         Unity: 5:12

                        3.         Miraculous signs: 5:12, 15-16

                        4.         Community response: 5:12-14


VI.      The first persecution: 5:17-43


            A.        Source of opposition: 5:17

            B.        Action of the opposition: 5:18

            C.        Deliverance by God: 5:19-26

                        1.         His act: 5:19

                        2.         His command: 5:20

                        3.         Response to His command: 5:21

                        4.         The discovery of His act: 5:21-23

                        5.         The results of His act: 5:24-26

            D.        Trial: 5:27-40

                        1.         Indictment by the Sanhedrin: 5:27-28

                        2.         Defense made by Peter: 5:29-32

                        3.         Investigation by the Sanhedrin: 5:33-39

                        4.         Injustice of the decision of the Sanhedrin: 5:40

            E.        Response to persecution: 5:41-42

                        1.         Rejoicing: 5:41

                        2.         Unity: Met daily together: 5:42

                        3.         Witnessing: Teaching and preaching: 5:42


VII.     The first organization: 6:1-7


            A.        The need for the organization: 6:1

            B.        The organization suggested: 6:2-4

                        1.         Source of the suggestion: 6:2

                        2.         The reason for the suggestion: 6:2

                        3.         The suggestion: 6:3

                        4.         The advantage of the suggestion: 6:4

            C.        The organization set up: 6:5-6

                        1.         The method used: 6:5-6

                        2.         The men chosen: 6:5

                        3.         Their ordination: 6:6

            D.        The results of the organization: 6:7

                        1.         The word increased: 6:7

                        2.         The disciples multiplied: 6:7

                        3.         Obedience to the faith: 6:7


VIII. The first martyr: 6:8-8:1


            A.        The description of Stephen: 6:3-15

                        1.         One of the seven: 6:3,5

                        2.         Filled with the Holy Ghost: 6:5

                        3.         A man of good reputation: 6:3

                        4.         A man of faith: 6:5

                        5.         A man of wisdom: 6:3, 10

                        6.         A man with special power: 6:8

                        7.         An effective witness: 6:9-10

            B.        The persecution of Stephen: 6:11-15

            C.        The message of Stephen: 7:1-53

                        1.         Abraham: 7:1-8

                        2.         The patriarchs: 7:9-16

                        3.         Moses: 7:17-43

                                    a.         In Egypt: 7:17-28

                                    b.         In the wilderness: 7:29-43

                        4.         The tabernacle: 7:44-50

                                    a.         Of Moses: 7:44

                                    b.         Of Joshua: 7:45

                                    c.         Of David: 7:45-46

                                    d.         Of Solomon: 7:47-50

                                    e.         Of God: 7:48-50

                        5.         The prophets: 7:51-53

            D.        The witness of Stephen: 7:54-8:1

                        1.         The attitude of the council: 7:54

                        2.         The announcement by Stephen: 7:55-56

                        3.         The action of the council: 7:57-59

                        4.         The death of Stephen: 7:59-8:1


Part Three: The Witness In Judaea and Samaria

Acts 8-12


I.         Transition: Results of the death of Stephen: 8:1-4


            A.        The persecution: 8:1,3

            B.        The burial of Stephen: 8:2

            C.        The extended witness of the church: 8:4


II.        The witness of Philip: 8:5-40


            A.        Ministry in Samaria: 8:5-25

                        1.         The witness of Philip: 8:5-13

                                    a.         The work of Philip: 8:5-7, 12

                                    b.         The response of the Samaritans: 8:6-12

                                    c.         Simon the Sorcerer: 8:9-13

                        2.         The work Peter and John: 8:14-17

                                    a.         The coming of Peter and John: 8:14

                                    b.         The coming of the Holy Spirit: 8:15-17

                                    c.         The response of Simon: 8:18-19

                                    d.         The warning of Simon: 8:20-24

            B.        Ministry to the Ethiopian: 8:26-40

                        1.         Preparation: 8:26-28

                        2.         The witness: 8:29-35

                        3.         The response: 8:36-38

            C.        Transition to Azotus: 8:39-40


III. The witness of Saul: 9:1-31


            A.        The conversion of Saul: 9:1-9

                        1.         His purpose: 9:1-2

                        2.         His vision: 9:3-9

                        3.         The voice: 9:4-7

                        4.         The blindness: 9:8-9

            B.        The commissioning of Saul through Ananias: 9:10-19

                        1.         The call: 9:10-16

                        2.         The commission: 9:17-19

            C.        The mission of Saul: 9:20-31

                        1.         Saul at Damascus: 9:20-25

                                    a.         His witness: 9:20-22

                                    b.         The response: 9:21-23

                                    c.         His escape: 9:23-25

                        2.         Saul at Jerusalem: 9:26-30

                                    a.         His reception: 9:26-28

                                    b.         His activity: 9:28-29

                                    c.         His departure: 9:29-30

            D.        Transition: Rest in the church: 9:31


IV.      The witness of Peter: 9:32-12:35


            A.        At Lydda: 9:32-35

                        1.         The believers: 9:32

                        2.         The sick man: 9:33

                        3.         Healing of the sick man: 9:34

                        4.         The response: 9:35

            B.        At Joppa: 9:36-43

                        1.         The death of Dorcus: 9:36-37

                        2.         The call of Peter: 9:38-39

                        3.         The ministry of Peter: 9:40-41

                        4.         Response to the ministry: 9:42-43

            C.        At Caesarea: 10:1-48

                        1.         Cornelius' vision: 10:1-8

                                    a.         The man Cornelius: 10:1-2

                                    b.         The vision of Cornelius: 10:3-6

                                    c.         The response of Cornelius: 10:7-8

                        2.         Peter's vision: 10:9-22

                                    a.         The vision: 10:9-12

                                    b.         The voice: 10:13-16

                        3.         The arrival of the messengers: 10:17-22

                        4.         The visit to Cornelius' house: 10:23-48

                                    a.         The journey: 10:23

                                    b.         The reception: 10:24-27

                                    c.         The explanation: 10:27-28

                                    d.         The question: 10:29

                                    e.         The answer: 10:30-33

                                    f.         The unfinished sermon: 10:34-43

                                                (1)       God is no respecter of persons: 10:34-35

                                                (2)       Spread of the Gospel: 10:36-37

                                                (3)       The Gospel message: 10:38-43

                                    g.         The response of Cornelius: 8:44-48

            D.        At Jerusalem: 11:1-12:25

                        1.         The problem of Gentile conversion: 11:1-18

                                    a.         The problem: 11:1-3

                                    b.         The explanation of God's work among the Gentiles: 11:4-17

                                                (1)       The vision: 11:4-10

                                                (2)       The visitors: 11:11

                                                (3)       The visit: 11:12-16

                                    c.         The decision: 4:18


V.        The church in Antioch of Syria: 11:19-30


            A.        Evangelization of Antioch: 11:19-21

            B.        Visit by Barnabus: 11:22-24

            C.        Saul chosen as pastor-teacher: 11:25-26

            D.        Information revealed by Agabus: 11:27-30


VI.      Persecution led by Herod: 12:1-25


            A.        The murder of James: 12:1-2

            B.        The arrest of Peter: 12:3-4

            C.        The deliverance of Peter 12:5-19

            D.        The death of Herod: 12:20-23


VII.     The declaration of the Word: 12:24-25


Part Four: Witness To The Uttermost Parts Of The Earth

Acts 13-28


I.         The first missionary journey: 13:1-14:28


            A.        The call to ministry: Acts 13:1-3

            B.        Ministry in Paphos in Cyprus: 13:4-12

            C.        Ministry in Antioch in Pisidia: 13:13-50

                        1.         Transition to Pisidia: 13:13-16

                        2.         The message: 13:17-37

                                    a.         The exodus deliverance: 13:17

                                    b.         The wilderness wanderings: 13:18

                                    c.         The conquest of Canaan: 13:19

                                    d.         The rule of Saul and David: 13:20-23

                                    e.         The ministry of John the Baptist: 13:24-25

                                    f.         Crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus: 13:26-37

                                    g.         The invitation: 13:38-41

                        3.         The response: 13:42-50

            D.        Ministry in Iconium: 13:51-14:5

            E.        Ministry in Lystra: 14:6-25

            F.        Ministry in Syria: 14:26-28


II.        The Jerusalem council: 15:1-35


            A.        The problem: 15:1-3

            B.        The sessions: 15:4-21

                        1.         First public session: 15:4-5

                        2.         Private session of the apostles and elders: 15:6

                        3.         Second public session: 15:7-21

                                    a.         Peter's report: 15:7-11

                                    b.         Paul and Barnabas' report: 15:12

                                    c.         James' report: 15:13-21

            C.        The decision: 15:19-21

            D.        The letters: 15:22-35


III.       Second missionary journey: 15:36-18:22


            A.        The argument: 15:36-41

            B.        Ministry at Lystra: 16:1-5

            C.        Ministry at Troas: 16:6-10

            D.        Ministry at Philippi: 16:11-40

            E.        Ministry at Thessalonica: 17:1-9

            F.        Ministry at Berea: 17:10-14

            G.        Ministry at Athens: 17:15-34

            H.        Ministry at Corinth: 18:1-18

            I.         Ministry at Ephesus: 18:19-21

            J.         Jerusalem and Antioch: 18:22


IV.      Third missionary journey: 18:23-21:14


            A.        Asia Minor: 18:23

            B.        Ministry in Ephesus: 18:24-19:41

                        1.         Apollos: 18:24-28

                        2.         Disciples of John: 19:1-7

                        3.         School of Tyranus: 19:8-12

                        4.         The sons of Sceva: 19:13-17

                        5.         Dedication of the converts: 19:18-20

                        6.         The decision: 19:21

                        7.         Defenders of Diana: 19:23-41

            C.        Ministry in Macedonia and Greece: 20:1-5

            D.        Ministry in Troas: 20:6-12

            E.        Ministry in Miletus: 20:13-38

                        1.         The journey: 20:13-16

                        2.         Meeting with the elders from Ephesus: 20:17-35

                                    a.         Review of his ministry: 20:17-21

                                    b.         Facing the future: 20:22-24

                                    c.         Paul's conscience: 20:25-27

                                    d.         The warning 20:28-31

                                    e.         Commended to God: 20:32

                                    f.         Paul's example in labor: 20:33-35

                        3.         The farewell: 20:36-38

            F.        Ministry in Tyre: 21:1-6

            G.        Ministry in Ptolemias: 21:7

            H.        Ministry in Caesarea: 21:8-14


V.        The final visit to Jerusalem and the trip to Rome: 21:15-28:31

      

            A.        Jerusalem: 21:15-23:32

                        1.         Transition to Jerusalem: 21:15-17

                        2.         Rumors against Paul: 21:18-30

                                    a.         That he had degraded the law of Moses: 21:18-26

                                    b.         That he had desecrated the Temple: 21:27-30

                        3.         The reaction of Paul: 21:23-26

                        4.         The rescue of Paul: 21:30-32

                        5.         Replies by Paul: 21:33-23:10

                                    a.         The Jewish crowd: 22:1-23

                                    b.         The Roman centurion: 22:24-26

                                    c.         Chief captain: 22:26-30

                                    d.         The Sanhedrin: 23:1-10

                                                (l)        Paul's confession: 23:1

                                                (2)       Encounter with the high priest: 23:2-5

                                                (3)       A divided court: 23:6-10

                        6.         The revelation to Paul: 23:11

                        7.         Revenge against Paul: 23:12-15

                        8.         Rescue of Paul: 23:16-32

                                    a.         The plot revealed: 23:16-22

                                    b.         The letter: 23:25-30

                                    c.         The escape: 23-32

            B.        Caesarea: 23:33-26:32

                        1.         Before Felix: 23:33-24:27

                                    a.         The accusations of Tertulius: 24:1-9

                                    b.         The answer of Paul: 24:10-21

                                    c.         The response of Felix: 24:22-27

                        2.         Before Festus: 25:1-12

                        3.         Festus and Agrippa: 25:13-27

                        4.         Before Agrippa: 26:1-32

                                    a.         Paul speaks for himself: 26:1-23

                                    b.         Invitation to the Savior: 26:24-29

                                    c.         The verdict: 26:30-32

            C.        Enroute to Rome: 27:17-28:31

                        1.         The storm: 27:1-44

                        2.         The serpent: 28:1-6

                        3.         The healing: 28:7-10

                        4.         The journey continues: 28:11-15

            D.        Rome: 28:16-31

                        l.         Meeting with the Jews: 28:16-29

                        2.         Ministry: 28:30-31























SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Acts?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of Acts.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


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3. To whom was the book of Acts written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Acts.


_______________________________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________________________


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5. From memory, write the Key Verse of Acts.


_______________________________________________________________________________


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(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)




FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Create a chart to study all of the miracles which are recorded in the book of Acts.


Type Of Miracle         Method Used  Occasion         People Involved          Results


2. Study the sermons of Acts. Create a chart to record your studies:


Reference       Speaker           Audience        Summary Of Message


3. Study all the prayers recorded in the book of Acts. Use a chart to organize your study:


Reference       Occasion         Who Was Praying      Summary Of Prayer    Results Of Prayer


4. Study the life of the Apostle Paul using the following outline:


-Paul's early life: Acts 22:3

-Paul's persecution of Christianity: Acts 8:1-4; 9:1-2

-Paul's conversion: Acts 9:3-21

-Paul's early years of service: Acts 9:22-31; 11:22-30

-First missionary journey: Acts 13:1-14:28

-The Jerusalem Council: Acts 15:1-35

-Second missionary journey: Acts 15:36-18:22

-Third missionary journey: Acts 18:23-21:27

-Paul visits Jerusalem, is arrested, and is sent to Caesarea where he remains in custody under

 Felix for two years, then appeals to Caesar: Acts 21:17-26:32

-The journey to Rome by sea: Acts 27:1-44

-Paul's first Roman imprisonment (two years): Acts 28:1-31

-Paul's final travels: Romans 15:28

-Paul's second Roman imprisonment and martyrdom: II Timothy 4:6


5. In the Gospel of Luke the Apostle Luke wrote about all that Jesus began to do and teach in His fleshly body. In the book of Acts, Luke records the things Jesus continues to do and teach through His spiritual Body, the Church.









    

6. Study the similarities between the ministries of Peter and Paul as recorded in the book of Acts in the chapters indicated:


                        Peter                                                                          Paul


            First sermon: 2                                                First sermon: 13

            Lame man healed: 3                                       Lame man healed: 14

            Simon the sorcerer: 8                                      Elymas the sorcerer: 13

            Influence of shadow: 5                                   Influence of handkerchiefs: 19

            Laying on of hands: 8                                     Laying on of hands: 19

            Peter worshiped: 10                                        Paul worshiped: 14

            Tabitha raised: 9                                             Eutychus raised: 20

            Peter imprisoned: 12                                      Paul imprisoned: 28

 

7. Life in the first church was:


            -Confessing: 2:4

            -Convicting: 2:7

            -Converting: 2:37

            -Consistent: 2:42

            -Continuing: 2:46

            -Communing: 2:46

            -Contagious: 2:47


8. The following summary will help you remember the content of the book of Acts.


            -Person:          Jesus Christ

            -Power:           Holy Spirit

            -Preachers:      Peter, Paul, Stephen, Philip

            -Places:           Jerusalem, Judaea, Samaria, uttermost parts of the world

            -Program:       Extension of the Gospel message


9. In Acts 2, Peter refers to the prophecy given by the prophet Joel. You can read this prophecy in Joel 2:28-32.











INTRODUCTION TO THE LETTERS



The next division in the New Testament are the letters, also known as the Epistles. They include the following books:


Romans: A presentation of the Gospel which stresses salvation by faith alone.


I Corinthians: Written to correct errors of Christian conduct in the local church.


II Corinthians: Speaks of the true ministry of the Gospel, stewardship, and Paul's apostolic authority.


Galatians: Deals with the error of mixing law and faith. The theme is justification by faith alone.


Ephesians: Encourages believers everywhere who share a heavenly position with Jesus as members of the Church.


Philippians: Emphasizes the joy of the Christian experience.


Colossians: Deals with the error of "Gnosticism", a false teaching which denied Jesus was truly Son of God and Son of Man. The book also emphasizes Jesus as head of the Church.


I Thessalonians: Counsel in Christian living and emphasis on the return of Jesus.


II Thessalonians: Further instruction on the Lord's return and how knowledge of this should affect everyday life.


I Timothy: Stresses sound doctrine, orderly church government, and principles to guide the church in the years to come.


II Timothy: Describes the true servant of Jesus Christ. Warns of the apostasy (spiritual decline) which had already started and presents the Word of God as the remedy to correct all error.


Titus: Paul's letter to a young minister named Titus who was serving God on the island of Crete. Doctrine and a godly life are stressed.


Philemon: Paul's intercession for a runaway slave of a wealthy Colossian Christian. It illustrates the intercession of Jesus on the behalf of believers who were once slaves to sin.


Hebrews: Explains the superiority of Christianity over Judaism. Presents Jesus as the Great High Priest and the one mediator between God and sinful man.


James: Teaches that true faith is evidenced by works, although salvation is by faith alone.


I Peter: A letter of comfort and encouragement to believers, especially those suffering from spiritual attacks from without through unbelievers.


II Peter: A warning against spiritual attacks from within. For example, false teachers who had already gained position in the church.


I John: Written to combat Gnosticism which denied Christ's position as Son of God and Son of Man. Emphasizes fellowship and love among believers and assures true believers of eternal life.


II John: Warns against any compromise with doctrinal error and emphasizes that truth be guarded in love.


III John: Warns of the sin of refusing fellowship with those who are true believers.


Jude: Another warning against apostasy and false doctrine. The theme is similar to that of II Peter.


EPISTLE GROUPS


These can also be grouped by...


Books Concerning Christ's Return: I and II Thessalonians


Books Emphasizing The Gospel: Romans, Galatians, I and II Corinthians


Books Written By Paul In Prison: Ephesians, Colossians, Philippians, Philemon


Pastoral Letters: These Books focus on practical matters of church leadership and organization: I and II Timothy and Titus.


General Epistles: The remaining Epistles


APOSTASY


"Apostasy" is a term with which you should be familiar as you survey the epistles. This word means "to depart from the faith." In several of the epistles the writers deal with the problem of apostasy in the church.



CHAPTER SIX


ROMANS


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:


-Name the author of the book of Romans.

-Identify to whom the book of Romans was written.

-State the purpose for the book of Romans.

-Write, from memory, the Key Verses of the book of Romans.

-State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Romans.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Paul


TO WHOM: Believers in Rome.


PURPOSE: To present the meaning of the Gospel in relation to law, prophecy, and the universal need of man for justification by faith.


KEY VERSES: 1:16-17


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: The just shall live by faith.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Adam, Abraham, Isaac (See list of names in chapter 16.)


OUTLINE


I.         Introduction: 1:1-7


            A.        The messenger: Paul: 1:1-6

                        l.         Servant of Jesus Christ.

                        2.         Called as an apostle.

                        3.         Separated to the Gospel of God.

            B.        The readers: 1:7

                        l.         Believers in Rome.

                        2.         The beloved of God.

                        3.         Those called to be saints.

            C.        The greeting: Grace and peace from God and Jesus: 1:7


II.        Paul's relation to the Romans: 1:8-16


            A.        His thanksgiving for them: 1:8

            B.        His prayer for them: 1:9-10

            C.        His desire to visit them: 1:11-16

                        1.         The desire: 1:11

                        2.         The purpose of the desire: 1:11-12

                        3.         Hindrances to its fulfillment: 1:13

                        4.         The motivation behind the desire: 1:14-16

                                    a.         Desire to bear fruit: 1:14

                                    b.         His feeling of obligation to all Gentiles: 1:14

                                    c.         His readiness to preach at Rome: 1:15

                                    d.         His confidence in the Gospel message: 1:16


III.       Statement of the theme of the book: The Gospel of power reveals the righteousness of             God: 1:16-17


Part One: Doctrinal

The Righteousness of God as revealed in the Gospel

1:18-8:39


I.         The need for righteousness because of universal sin: 1:18-3:20


            A.        A condemnation of the Gentile world: 1:18-32

                        l.         The wrath of God against sin: 1:18

                        2.         Reasons for the wrath of God: 1:19-23

                                    a.         Their knowledge of God leaves them without excuse: 1:19-20.

                                    b.         Their corruption of the knowledge of God confirms their guilt:                                                 1:21-23

                        3.         The wrath of God: 1:24-32

                                    a.         They are given up to uncleanness: 1:24-25

                                    b.         They are given up to evil passions: 1:26-27

                                    c.         They are given up to a reprobate mind: 1:28-32

                                                (l)        Consequences of their choice: 1:28

                                                (2)       The description of their condition: 1:28-32

            B.        The condemnation of the Jew: 2:1-3:8

                        1.         The principle of divine judgment: 2:1-16

                                    a.         The judgment of God according to truth: 2:1-5

                                                (1)       The guilt of the one judging others: 2:1

                                                (2)       The principle of judgment: 2:2

                                                (3)       An appeal to the guilty: 2:3-5

                                    b.         The judgment of God according to works: 2:6-15

                                                (1)       The principle of judgment: 2:6

                                                (2)       The two classes in the judgment: 2:7-12

                                                (3)       Obedience to light as the test in judgment: 2:13-15

                                    c.         The judgment in relation to Paul's Gospel: 2:16

                        2.         The Jew's moral failure: 2:17-29

                                    a.         Claims of the Jew: 2:17-20

                                    b.         Refutation of the claims of the Jew: 2:21-24

                                    c.         Failure to live up to responsibilities: 2:25-29

                                                (l)        Of circumcision: 2:25

                                                (2)       Of obedience: 2:26-27

                                                (3)       A true and false view of a Jew: 2:28-29

                        3.         The Jew's objections: 3:1-8

                                    a.         The question of the Jews: 3:1-4

                                                (1)       The question: 3:1

                                                (2)       The answer: 3:2-4

                                                (3)       The objection: 3:5

                                                (4)       Denial of the objection: 3:6-8

            C.        Condemnation of the whole world: 3:9-20

                        1.         The charge that all have sinned: 3:9

                        2.         The proof of universal sin from Scripture: 3:10-18

                                    a.         The character of sin: 3:10-12

                                    b.         The practice of sin: 3:13-17

                                                (1)       In speech: 3:13-14

                                                (2)       In conduct: 3:15-17

                                    c.         The reason for sin: 3:18

                        3.         The application to the Jew who has the law: 3:19-20


II.        The righteousness of God in justification: 3:21-5:21


            A.        Justification by faith: 3:21-26

                        1.         It is the manifestation of the righteousness of God: 3:21

                        2.         The description of justification by faith: 3:21-26

                                    a.         Its relation to the Old Testament: 3:21

                                    b.         Availability through faith: 3:22-23

                                    c.         Its basis in Christ's redemption: 3:24-25

                                    d.         The demonstration of God's justice: 3:25-26

            B.        Summary of the doctrine of justification: 3:27-31

                        1.         The exclusion of personal merit: 3:27-28

                        2.         The presentation of God's character: 3:29-30

                        3.         The establishment of the law: 3:31

            C.        The proof of justification by faith from Scripture: 4:1-25

                        1.         Abraham's justification: 4:1-12

                                    a.         The question about Abraham's experience: 4:1

                                    b.         The means of his justification: 4:2-3

                                    c.         The comparison of the two ways of justification: 4:4-5

                                    d.         The confirmation from David's testimony: 4:6-8

                        2.         Justification by faith apart from circumcision: 4:9-12

                                    a.         The question about circumcision: 4:9-10

                                    b.         The answers from Abraham's condition: 4:10

                                    c.         Abraham's circumcision: 4:11-12

                        3.         The promise achieved by faith: 4:13-17

                                    a.         The means of attaining the inheritance: 4:13

                                    b.         The reason for the faith method: 4:14-15

                                    c.         The recipients of the promise: 4:16

                                    d.         The harmony with Scripture: 4:17

                        4.         The example of the faith of Abraham: 4:17-25

                                    a.         The object of his faith: 4:17

                                    b.         The nature of his faith: 4:18-21

                                    c.         The reward of his faith: 4:22

                                    d.         The importance of his faith: 4:23-25

            D.        The permanency of justification: 5:1-11

                        1.         The present results of justification: 5:1-2

                        2.         The inability of trials to destroy this hope: 5:3-5

                                    a.         The effect of trials: 5:3-4

                                    b.         The experience of God's love: 5:5

                        3.         The love of God in Christ confirms this hope: 5:6-11

                                    a.         God's love: 5:6-10

                                                (l)        The demonstration of His love for the lost: 5:6-8

                                                (2)       The assurance of salvation: 5:9-10

                                    b.         The experience of reconciliation: 5:11

            E.        The foundation of righteousness: 5:12-21

                        l.         Two representative men: 5:12-14

                                    a.         The result of Adam's act: 5:12-14

                                    b.         The headship of Adam as a type of Christ: 5:14

                        2.         The differences between Adam and Christ: 5:15-17

                                    a.         In quality: 5:15

                                    b.         In operation: 5:16

                                    c.         In results: 5:17

                        3.         The similarities of Adam and Christ: 5:18-21

                                    a.         Similarity in scope: 5:18

                                    b.         Similarity in operation: 5:19

                                    c.         Similarity in measure: 5:20-21


III.       The righteousness of God in sanctification: 6:1-8:39


            A.        The believer's relationship to sin: 6:1-23

                        1.         Death to the principle of sin: 6:1-14

                                    a.         The question of remaining in sin: 6:1

                                    b.         Rejection of the suggestion: 6:2

                                    c.         Our position in baptism: 6:3-11

                                                (l)        The question of ignorance concerning baptism: 6:3

                                                (2)       The importance of baptism: 6:4

                                                (3)       The application to believers: 6:5-10

                                                (4)       The call to this position: 6:11

                        2.         The believer's death to the practice of sin: 6:15-23

                                    a.         The question of continued sin: 6:15

                                    b.         Rejection of the suggestion: 6:15

                                    c.         An answer from the illustration of slavery: 5:16-23

                                                (1)       The question concerning two services: 6:16

                                                (2)       The believer's experience with both services: 6:17-18

                                                (3)       An appeal for the new position: 6:19

                                                (4)       The contrast between the two: 6:20-22

                                                (5)       The result of the two services: 6:23

            B.        The believer's relationship to the law: 7:1-25

                        1.         Dead to the law but alive to God: 7:1-6

                                    a.         The dominion of the law: 7:1

                                    b.         An illustration from the law of marriage: 7:2-3

                                    c.         The application of the principle to the believer: 7:4-6

                        2.         The inability of the law to deliver from sin: 7:7-25

                                    a.         The relation of the law to sin: 7:7-13

                                                (1)       The nature of the law is not sinful: 7:7

                                                (2)       The revelation of sin through the law: 7:7-13

                                                (3)       The work of sin through the law: 7:8-11

                                                (4)       The law's revelation of the sinfulness of sin: 7:12-13

                                    b.         The law's inability to give victory over sin: 7:14-25

                                                (l)        The first confession of defeat by sin: 7:14-17

                                                (2)       The second confession of indwelling sin: 7:18-20

                                                (3)       The third confession and the way of victory: 7:21-25

            C.        The believer's victory through the Spirit: 8:1-39

                        1.         Deliverance from the power of the flesh by the Spirit: 8:1-11

                                    a.         The believer'   s freedom from condemnation: 8:1-2

                                    b.         The basis for the deliverance: 8:3

                                    c.         The purpose of the deliverance: 8:4

                                    d.         The method of the deliverance: 8:5-10

                                                (1)       The two classes of men: 8:5

                                                (2)       The two minds: 8:6-7

                                                (3)       The two spheres: Flesh and spirit: 8:8-11

                                    e.         The deliverance from physical death: 8:11

                        2.         The life of sonship through the Spirit: 8:12-17

                                    a.         The obligation to live in the Spirit: 8:12-13

                                    b.         Evidence of life in the Spirit: 8:14-17

                                                (1)       The leading of the Spirit: 8:14

                                                (2)       The nature of the Spirit: 8:15

                                                (3)       The witness of the Spirit: 8:16

                                                (4)       The heirship of the believer: 8:17

                        3.         Glorification in present suffering: 8:18-30

                                    a.         The evaluation of present suffering: 8:18

                                    b.         Assurances of glorification: 8:19-30

                                                (1)       Assurance from creation: 8:19-22

                                                (2)       Assurance from the present hope: 8:23-25

                                                (3)       Assurance by the Spirit: 8:26-27

                                                (4)       Assurance by God at work in the circumstances of life: 8:28

                                                (5)       Assurance by God's continued working in us: 8:29-30

                        4.         The assurance of the believer's victory: 8:31-39

                                    a.         The believer's relation to God: 8:31-33

                                    b.         The believer's relation to Christ: 8:34

                                    c.         The believer's relation to circumstances of evil: 8:35-39

                                                (l)        The inability of evils of the visible world to separate from                                                             Christ: 8:35-37

                                                (2)       The inability of evils from the invisible world to separate                                                             from Christ: 8:38-39


Part Two: Historical

The righteousness of God in His dealings with Israel and all mankind

9:1-11:36


I.         The sorrow of Paul because of Israel's rejection: 9:1-5


            A.        His feeling: 9:1

            B.        The intensity of his feeling: 9:2-3

            C.        The basis for his feeling: 9:3-5


II.        The rejection of Israel and God's sovereignty: 9:6-29


            A.        The rejection of Israel and God's promise: 9:6-13

                        l.         The denial of the failure of God's Word: 9:6

                        2.         The proof that the promise is not based on physical descent: 9:6-13

                                    a.         Proof from the family of Abraham: 9:6-9

                                    b.         Proof from the family of Isaac: 9:10-13

            B.        The rejection of Israel and God's justice: 9:14-29

                        1.         The justice of God in the manifestation of His will: 9:14-18

                                    a.         The question of God's justice: 9:14

                                    b.         The revelation of God's will: 9:15-17

                                                (1)       His mercy revealed according to His will: 9:15-16

                                                (2)       His judgment is exercised according to His will: 9:17

                                    c.         God's action according to His will: 9:18

                        2.         The sovereign power of God: 9:19-29

                                    a.         The question and the rebuke: 9:19-20

                                    b.         The right of God to act: 9:20-21

                                    c.         The exercise of God's power: 9:22-24

                                                (1)       His patience with the wicked: 9:22

                                                (2)       His revelation of glory: 9:22-24

                                    d.         Anticipation of the call of Jew and Gentile: 9:25-29

                                                (1)       The call of the Gentile: 9:25-26

                                                (2)       Announcement concerning the fate of Israel: 9:27-29


III.       The rejection of Israel: 9:30-10:21


            A.        The failure of Israel to achieve righteousness: 9:30-33

                        1.         The fact of Israel's failure: 9:30-31

                        2.         The reason for Israel's failure: 9:32

                        3.         An explanation of Israel's failure: 9:32

                        4.         The confirmation of the results: 9:32

            B.        The refusal by Israel to accept God's righteousness: 10:1-11

                        1.         The cause for Israel's rejection: 10:1-4

                        2.         The nature of righteousness by faith: 10:5-11

                                    a.         The comparison of two methods for righteousness: 10:5-8

                                                (l)        Righteousness through keeping the law: 10:5

                                                (2)       Righteousness through faith: 10:6-8

                                    b.         The realization of righteousness through faith: 10:9-10

                                    c.         Scriptural assurance of righteousness by faith: 10:11

            C.        The neglect by Israel of the universal Gospel: 10:12-21

                        l.         The fact of a universal Gospel: 10:12-13

                        2.         The proclamation of the universal Gospel: 10:14-15

                        3.         The reaction of Israel to this universal Gospel: 10:16-21

                                    a.         Disregarded: 10:16-17

                                    b.         Rejected: 10:18-21


IV.      The rejection of Israel and God's purpose for their future: 11:1-32


            A.        The rejection of Israel left a remnant: 11:1-10

                        1.         The denial that God has cut off His people: 11:1-2

                        2.         The proof of a remaining remnant: 11:2-6

                                    a.         The proof from Scripture: 11:2-4

                                    b.         The proof from the existence of the remnant: 11:5-6

                        3.         The contrast of the remnant with the nation: 11:7-10

            B.        The rejection of Israel is not permanent: 11:11-32

                        1.         Israel's condition: 11:11-16

                                    a.         The fall of Israel is not permanent: 11:11

                                    b.         The fall of Israel is overruled for Gentile salvation: 11:11

                                    c.         The restoration of Israel will bring universal blessing: 11:12-15

                                    d.         The indication of Israel's future from the past: 11:16

                        2.         The warning to the Gentiles: 11:17-24

                                    a.         Against boastfulness: 11:17-18

                                    b.         Against pride: 11:19-21

                                    c.         Against presumption: 11:22-24

                        3.         The argument for the restoration of Israel: 11:23-24

                        4.         The prophecy concerning Israel's future restoration: 11:25-32

                                    a.         The revelation concerning Israel's restoration: 11:25-26

                                    b.         Harmony of the restoration with prophecy: 11:26-27.

                                    c.         Harmony with the divine call of Israel: 11:28-29

                                    d.         Harmony with God's purposes: 11:30-32


V.        The benediction in praise of God: 11:33-36


            A.        The declaration concerning God: 11:33

            B.        The questions about God: 11:34-35

            C.        Praise to God: 11:36


Part Three: Practical

The righteousness of God applied to the life of the believer

12:1-15:13


I.         The believer in relation to God: 12:1-2


            A.        Self-presentation to God: 12:1

            B.        Continued experience of transformation: 12:2


II.        The believer in relation to the church: 12:3-13


            A.        The use of spiritual gifts with humility: 12:3-8

                        l.         The need for humility: 12:3

                        2.         The relation of the members to each other in the Body: 12:4-5

                        3.         The expression of humility in service: 12:6-8

                                    a.         The diversity of the gifts given: 12:6

                                    b.         The ministering gifts: 12:6-8

            B.        The practice of love to members in the church: 12:9-13

                        l.         The nature of this love: 12:9

                        2.         The manifestations of such love: 12:9-13

                                    a.         Without dissimulation: 12:9

                                    b.         Abhor that which is evil: 12:9

                                    c.         Cleave to that which is good: 12:9

                                    d.         Be kindly affectioned to each other: 12:10

                                    e.         Show brotherly love: 12:10

                                    f.         In honor prefer one another: 12:10

                                    g.         Do not be slothful in business: 12:11

                                    h.         Be fervent in spirit: 12:11

                                    i.         Serve the Lord: 12:11

                                    j.         Rejoice in hope: 12:12

                                    k.         Be patient in tribulation: 12:12

                                    l.         Be continually instant in prayer: 12:12

                                    m.       Distribute to the needs of the saints: 12:13

                                    n.         Be given to hospitality: 12:13

                                    o.         Bless them which persecute you: 12:14

                                    p.         Rejoice with them that rejoice: 12:15

                                    q.         Weep with them that weep: 12:15

                                    r.         Be of the same mind one to another: 12:16

                                    s.         Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate: 12:16

                                    t.         Be not wise in your own conceits: 12:16

                                    u.         Recompense no man evil for evil: 12:17

                                    v.         Provide things honest in the sight of all men: 12:17

                                    w.        Live peaceably with all men: 12:18

                                    x.         Avenge not yourselves: 12:19

                                    y.         Respond in love and care to your enemy: 12:20

                                    z.         Do not be overcome with evil but overcome evil with good: 12:21


III.       The believer in relation to mankind: 12:14-21


            A.        Love your enemies: 12:14

            B.        Love towards the interest of others: 12:15

            C.        Love towards associates: 12:16

            D.        Love towards a sinful world: 12:17-21

                        1.         The passive bearing of evil: 12:17-19

                        2.         The active reaction toward evil: 12:20-21


IV.      The believer in relation to the state: 13:1-14


            A.        The believer's duties to the government: 13:1-7

                        1.         The duty of obedience to the government: 13:1

                        2.         The reason for obedience to the government: 13:1

                        3.         Refusing obedience to the government: 13:2

                        4.         The motives for obedience to the state: 13:3-5

                                    a.         From the function of the government: 13:3-4

                                    b.         From Christian conscience: 13:5

                        5.         An illustration of obedience to government: 13:6

                        6.         The call for obedience to the government: 13:7

            B.        The believer's duties to fellow citizens: 13:8-10

            C.        The believer's motivation in the hope of the return of Jesus: 13:11-14

                        1.         An appeal to alertness: 13:11

                        2.         The reason for alertness: 13:11-12

                        3.         An exhortation for alertness: 13:12-13

                        4.         The provision for alertness: 13:14


V.        The believer in relation to a weaker brother: 14:1-15:13


            A.        The warning against judging a brother: 14:1-12

                        1.         The proper attitude toward the weaker brother: 14:1

                        2.         The areas of difficulty: 14:2-5

                                    a.         The first problem and its adjustment: 14:2-4

                                    b.         The second problem and its adjustment: 14:5

                        3.         Making the adjustment: 14:6

                        4.         The motivation: 14:7-9

                        5.         The rebuke for judging a brother: 14:10-12

                                    a.         The questions of rebuke: 14:10

                                    b.         The basis for the rebuke: 14:10-12

                                    c.         The prohibition against the violation of a brother's conscience:                                                 14:13-23

                                                (1)       Exhortation not to judge one another: 14:13

                                                (2)       The apostle's conviction concerning foods: 14:14

                                                (3)       The application of this conviction to conduct: 14:15-20

                                                (4)       The guiding principle for a strong brother: 14:21

                                                (5)       An appeal to both strong and weak: 14:22-23

            B.        The effort toward unity by following Christ's example: 15:1-13

                        1.         The obligation of a strong brother: 14:1

                        2.         The appeal for unity from Christ's example: 4:2-4

                                    a.         The statement of the appeal: 14:2

                                    b.         Arguments for the appeal: 14:3

                                                (1)       The example of Christ: 14:3

                                                (2)       The purpose of the Scriptures: 14:4

                        3.         The request of the Apostle: 15:5-6

                        4.         The command to receive one another: 15:7

                        5.         The illustration from Christ's relation to Jew and Gentile: 15:8-12

                                    a.         The ministry of Christ: 15:8-9

                                    b.         Scriptural proof: 15:9-12

                        6.         The Apostolic prayer: 15:13


The Conclusion

15:14-16:20


I.         Personal matters: 15:14-33


            A.        Paul's explanation for writing: 15:14-21

                        1.         His attitude in writing: 15:14-16

                                    a.         His recognition of them: 15:14

                                    b.         His boldness in writing them: 15:15

                                    c.         The statement of his commission: 15:16

                        2.         His authorization for writing: 15:17-21

                                    a.         His personal boasting: 15:17

                                    b.         His humility in speaking of his work: 15:18

                                    c.         His ministry to the Gentiles: 15:18-19

                                    d.         His aim in selecting a field of labor: 15:20-21

            B.        His personal plans at the time of writing: 15:22-29

                        1.         Unfulfilled plans: 15:22-24

                                    a.         His plans to visit Rome: 15:22-23

                                    b.         His plans for Spain: 15:24

                        2.         His immediate plans: 15:25-27

                                    a.         His present plans: 15:25

                                    b.         Significance of his present plans: 15:26-27

                        3.         His plans for the future: 15:28-29

            C.        His request for their prayers: 15:30-33

                        1.         The request for prayer: 15:30-32

                        2.         The benediction: 15:33


II.        Friendship matters: 16:1-23


            A.        A commendation of Phoebe: 16:1-2

            B.        The greeting to friends at Rome: 16:3-16

                        1.         Greetings to individuals at Rome: 16:3-15

                        2.         Greetings among believers at Rome: 16:16

                        3.         Greeting from the churches to the Roman believers: 16:16

            C.        The warning to believers at Rome: 16:17-20

                        1.         Contents of the warning: 16:17

                        2.         Description of the men of whom he is warning: 16:18

                        3.         The reason for the warning: 6:19

                        4.         The promise of victory: 16:20

                        5.         The benediction: 16:20

            D.        Greetings from his companions: 16:21-24


III.       The concluding benediction: 16:25-27


            A.        The recipient of the praise: 16:25-27

                        1.         The One able to establish them: 16:25-29

                        2.         The only wise God, through Christ: 16:27

            B.        The praise: 16:27






































SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the book of Romans?


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2. State the purpose for the book of Romans.


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3. To whom was the book of Romans written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


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4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of Romans.


_______________________________________________________________________________


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5. From memory, write the Key Verse of Romans.


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(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)




FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Romans provides the most detailed record of God's hatred of sexual perversion: 1:18-32.


2. Romans gives the most detailed explanation of the dealings of God with the nation of Israel in the past, present, and future. See chapters 9-11.


3. Romans contains five benedictions or blessings which close portions of the book. See 11:33-36; 15:30-33; 16:20; 16:24-27.


4. Seven results of justification by faith are listed in Romans 5:1-11. Being justified by faith means we:


    -Have peace with God.


    -Have access by faith.


    -Rejoice in the hope of glory.


    -Glory in tribulations.


    -Have the love of God which is shed in our hearts.


    -Shall be saved from the wrath of God.


    -Possess joy in God.


5. There are three deaths spoken of in the book of Romans:


    -Dead to sin, alive to God: 6:11


    -Dead to the law, married to Christ: 7:4


    -Dead to the flesh, led by the Spirit: 8:13










CHAPTER SEVEN


I AND II CORINTHIANS


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:


-Name the author of the books of I and II Corinthians.

-Identify to whom the books were written.

-State the purposes for I and II Corinthians.

-Write, from memory, the Key Verses of the books of I and II Corinthians.

-State the Life and Ministry Principles for these books.

 

I CORINTHIANS


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Paul


TO WHOM: Believers at Corinth


PURPOSE: Paul deals with problems which have been brought to his attention and questions which the Corinthian believers have asked.


KEY VERSE: 13:13


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Love is the greatest spiritual key to effective Christian life and ministry.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Timothy, Apollos, Stephanas (See also the names in closing greetings in chapter 16.)


OUTLINE


I.         Introduction: 1:1-9


            A.        The writers: Paul and Sosthenes: 1:1

            B.        The readers: 1:2

                        1.         To the church of God at Corinth.

                        2.         Them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus.

                        3.         Those called to be saints.

                        4.         All that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ.

            C.        The greeting: Grace and peace from God and Jesus: 1:3

            D.        The thanksgiving: 1:4-8

                        1.         The nature of the thanksgiving: 1:4

                        2.         The basis for the thanksgiving: 1:4

                        3.         The thanksgiving for their past enrichment: 1:5-6

                        4.         Thanksgiving for their present condition: 1:7-8

            E.        The affirmation of faith: 1:9


II.        Church divisions: 1:10-4:21


            A.        Reaction to the report of their divisions: 1:10-17

                        1.         An appeal for unity: 1:10

                        2.         The source of his information about their divisions: 1:11

                        3.         The nature of their divisions: 1:12

                        4.         Questioning the divisions: 1:13

                        5.         Their divisions not due to his ministry: 1:14-17

            B.        Arguments against church divisions: 1:18-4:5

                        1.         Division is inconsistent with the Gospel: 1:18-3:4

                                    a.         The Gospel is not worldly wisdom: 1:18-2:5

                                                (1)       The proof from reactions to the Gospel: 1:18-25

                                                (2)       The proof from the composition of the church: 1:26-31

                                                (3)       The proof from Paul's work: 2:1-5

                                    b.         The Gospel is heavenly wisdom: 2:6-3:4

                                                (1)       The recipients of this wisdom: 2:6

                                                (2)       The nature of the wisdom: 2:6-12

                                                (3)       The acquisition of this wisdom: 2:13-3:4

                        2.         Description of true ministers: 3:5-4:5

                                    a.         The ministers are laborers in God's field: 3:5-9

                                                (1)       The function of ministers: 3:5

                                                (2)       The work and reward of ministers: 3:6-8

                                                (3)       Summary of the teaching: 3:9

                                    b.         Ministers are builders of God's sanctuary: 3:10-23

                                                (1)       The work of the builder will be tested: 3:10-15

                                                (2)       The destruction of God's sanctuary is punished: 3:16-17

                                                (3)       An exhortation concerning their view of ministers: 3:18-23

                                    c.         The ministers are stewards of the mysteries of God: 4:1-5

                                                (1)       The view to be taken of ministers: 4:1

                                                (2)       The demand for faithfulness in the steward: 4:2

                                                (3)       The Lord as judge of stewards: 4:3-4

                                                (4)       The appeal to withhold judgment until the Lord comes: 4:5

            C.        The appeal to the Corinthians: 4:6-21

                        1.         Application of the argument to their divisions: 4:6-21

                                    a.         The purpose of the application: 4:6

                                    b.         The failure to recognize talents as gifts: 4:7

                                    c.         The results: 4:8

                                    d.         The experience of the apostles: 4:9-13

                                                (l)        The low position of the apostles: 4:9

                                                (2)       The contrast between them and the Corinthians: 4:10

                                                (3)       The description of their experiences: 4:11-13

                        2.         The appeal to follow his example: 4:14-17

                                    a.         His aim in writing: 4:14

                                    b.         His relation as their spiritual father: 4:15-16

                                    c.         His reason for sending Timothy to them: 4:17

                        3.         The warning that their attitude will determine his actions: 4:18-21

                                    a.         The puffed-up attitude of some believers: 4:18

                                    b.         The coming of Paul to Corinth: 4:19-21


III.       Moral problems in the church: 5:1-6:20


            A.        Immorality: 5:1-13

                        1.         Discipline of the incestuous person: 5:1-8

                                    a.         The nature of the sin: 5:1

                                    b.         Failure of the church to act: 5:2

                                    c.         Judgment of the guilty person: 5:3-5

                                    d.         Appeal to the church to act: 5:6-8

                        2.         The general principle in handling such cases: 5:9-13

                                    a.         His former instructions: 5:9-11

                                    b.         The call to act upon this principle: 5:12-13

            B.        The evil of litigation before worldly courts: 6:1-11

                        1.         The question of such litigations: 6:1

                        2.         The reasons for settling problems in the church: 6:2-6

                                    a.         Because of the church's future work of judging: 6:2-3

                                    b.         Because their lawsuits set up unqualified judges: 6:4-5

                                    c.         Because it shows the church's failure to exercise judgment: 6:5-6

                        3.         The results: 6:7-8

                        4.         The warning against unrighteousness: 6:9-11

            C.        Holiness of the body: 6:12-20

                        1.         The limitation on Christian liberty: 6:12

                        2.         The application of the principle in two areas: 6:13-14

                                    a.         To foods: 6:13

                                    b.         To sex: 6:13-14

                        3.         The nature of the believer's body forbids fornication: 6:15

                        4.         A contrast between two unions: 6:16-17

                        5.         Warning to flee fornication: 6:18

                        6.         The nature of the sin of fornication: 6:18

                        7.         The proper use of the body: 6:19-20


IV.      Marriage: 7:1-40


            A.        The problem of marriage and celibacy (remaining single for spiritual purposes):                         7:1-9

                        1.         The approval of the celibate life: 7:1

                        2.         Instructions concerning married life: 7:2-6

                                    a.         The reason for preferring marriage: 7:2

                                    b.         The nature of marriage relations: 7:2

                                    c.         Duties in the marriage relation: 7:3-4

                                    d.         Regulation of sex relations: 7:5-6

                        3.         The recognition of both marriage and celibacy as proper: 7:7

                        4.         Advice to the unmarried: 7:8-9

            B.        The problem of marriage and separation: 7:10-16

                        1.         A charge to Christian couples: 7:10-11

                                    a.         Authority for the charge: 7:10

                                    b.         Contents of the charge: 7:10-11

                        2.         A charge to those of mixed marriages: 7:12-16

                                    a.         Nature of the charge: 7:12

                                    b.         Contents of the charge: 7:12-16

                                                (1)       Separation not to be caused by the believer: 7:12-14

                                                (2)       Separation when caused by the unbeliever: 7:15-16

            C.        The believer's life and earthly position: 7:17-24

                        1.         The basic principle of life for the believer: 7:17

                        2.         The application of the principle to life: 7:18-24

                                    a.         The principle applied to form religious distinctions: 7:18-20

                                    b.         The principle applied to the social status of believers: 7:21-24

            D.        Advice concerning the unmarried: 7:25-40

                        1.         Advice concerning virgins: 7:25-35

                                    a.         The nature of the advice: 7:25-27

                                    b.         The reason for the advice: 7:28-31

                                    c.         Freedom resulting from his advice: 7:33-35

                        2.         Advice to parents of marriageable daughters: 7:36-38

                                    a.         Conditions when marriage should be permitted: 7:36

                                    b.         Conditions when permission to marry should be denied: 7:37

                                    c.         Both are proper: 7:38

                        3.         Advice to widows: 7:39-40


V.        Food offered to idols: 8:1-11:1


            A.        The relationship of love to knowledge: 8:1-13

                        1.         The need for love with knowledge: 8;1-3

                        2.         The claim to liberty through knowledge: 8:4-8

                                    a.         Liberty to eat: 8:4-6

                                    b.         Danger to a weaker brother: 8:7

                                    c.         Food does not determine relationship to God: 8:8

                        3.         Warning against causing a weaker brother to sin: 8:9-12

                                    a.         The warning to those with knowledge: 8:9

                                    b.         The effect of this knowledge: 8:10

                                    c.         Consequences of acting on knowledge: 8:11-12

                                    d.         The voluntary restriction of liberty: 8:13

            B.        Paul's example of voluntary restriction of liberties: 9:1-27

                        1.         His authority as an apostle: 9:1-3

                        2.         His rights as an apostle: 9:4-12

                                    a.         The rights claimed: 9:4-7

                                    b.         Justification of his claim: 9:8-12

                        3.         His reasons for waiving these rights: 9:12-23

                                    a.         He would not hinder the Gospel: 9:12-14

                                    b.         It gives him ground for boasting: 9:15-18

                                    c.         It enables him to win more to Christ: 9:19-23

                        4.         An appeal for them to follow his example: 9:24-27

            C.        The history of Israel as a warning against abuse of liberty: 10:1-13

                        1.         The reminder of Israel's history: 10:1-5

                                    a.         Privileges of Israel: 10:1-4

                                    b.         The fate of Israel: 10:5

                        2.         Warnings from the history of Israel: 10:6-10

                                    a.         Lessons in Israel's history: 10:6-10

                                                (1)       The general warning against lusting: 10:6

                                                (2)       Specific examples: 10:7-10

                                    b.         The significance of Israel's experiences: 10:11

                        3.         The resulting admonition to those under testing: 10:12-13

                                    a.         Realize the danger of falling: 10:12

                                    b.         Encouragement to those being tempted: 10:13

                        4.         The appeal to avoid idolatry: 10:14-22

                                    a.         Flee from idolatry: 10:14

                                    b.         The argument against participation: 10:15-22

                                                (l)        Recipient of the argument: 10:15

                                                (2)       The significance of participation: 10:16-22

            D.        Summary of general principles governing conduct: 10:23-11:1

                        1.         Limitations upon Christian liberty: 10:23

                        2.         Proper consideration for others: 10:24

                        3.         Instructions concerning meats sold for food: 10:25-30

                                    a.         Instructions to those eating at home: 10:25-26

                                    b.         Instructions to those eating with unbelievers: 10:27-30

            E.        Concluding instructions: 10:31-11:1

                        1.         Do all to God's glory: 10:31

                        2.         Maintain proper relations with all men: 10:32-33

                        3.         Follow the apostolic example: 11:1


VI.      Public worship: 11:2-14:40


            A.        The covering of women: 11:2-16

                        1.         Praise for their obedience: 11:2

                        2.         The principle of subordination: 11:3-6

                        3.         Establishing the principle of subordination: 11:7-15

                                    a.         From the creative relation: 11:7-12

                                    b.         From the spiritual relationship: 11:13-15

                                    c.         Conclusion of the discussion: 11:16

            B.        Disorders connected with the Lord's Supper: 11:17-34

                        1.         Corinthian disorders at the Lord's Supper: 11:17-22

                                    a.         The nature of their disorders: 11:18-21

                                                (1)       The report of their divisions: 11:18-19

                                                (2)       The description of disorders at the Lord's Supper: 11:20-21

                                    b.         The rebuke for disorders: 11:22

                        2.         The Lord's Supper: 11:23-28

                                    a.         Revelation concerning the Lord's Supper: 11:23

                                    b.         The order of the Lord`s Supper: 11:23-25

                                    c.         The meaning of the Lord's Supper: 11:26

                                    d.         Participation in an unworthy manner: 11:27

                                    e.         Participation in a worthy manner: 11:28

                        3.         Consequences of disorderly participation: 11:27-34

            C.        The problem concerning spiritual gifts in the Church: 12:1-14:40

                        1.         The endowment of the gifts: 12:1-31

                                    a.         The test of the Spirit: 12:1-3

                                                (1)       The desire for them to be informed: 12:1

                                                (2)       The reminder of their past condition: 12:2

                                                (3)       The test for one speaking in the Spirit: 12:3

                                    b.         The diversity of gifts: 12:4-11

                                                (1)       The common source: 12:4-6

                                                (2)       The purpose of the gifts: 12:7

                                                (3)       The gifts: 12:8-10

                                                (4)       The source of all gifts: 12:11

                                    c.         The nature of the Body of Christ: 12:12-31

                                                (1)       Unity of the Body: 12:12

                                                (2)       Entrance into the Body: 12:13

                                                (3)       Harmony in the Body: 12:14-26

                                                (4)       Identification of the Body: 12:27

                                                (5)       Differing functions of the members: 12:28-31

                        2.         Using the gifts: 13:1-13

                                    a.         The necessity for love in the use of gifts: 13:1-3

                                                (1)       The need for love with the gifts of tongues: 13:1

                                                (2)       Love and superior gifts: 13:2

                                                (3)       Love and giving: 13:3

                                    b.         Characteristics of love: 13:4-7

                                                (1)       Negative characteristics of love: 13:4-6

                                                (2)       Positive characteristics of love: 13:6-7

                                    c.         The superiority of love: 13:8-13

                                                (l)        The comparison of love with passing things: 13:8-12

                                                (2)       The superiority of love among permanent things: 13:13

                        3.         The proper use of spiritual gifts: 14:1-40

                                    a.         Comparison of the value of tongues and prophecy: 14:1-25

                                                (1)       The comparison of their value in the church: 14:1-19

                                                (2)       The comparison of their function to unbelievers: 14:20-25

                                    b.         The orderly use of tongues and prophecy: 14:26-36

                                                (1)       Order in worship: 14:26

                                                (2)       Instructions concerning worship services: 14:27-36

                                    c.         Concluding statements: 14:37-40


VII.     The resurrection: 15:1-58


            A.        The Gospel of Christ's resurrection: 15:1-11

                        1.         The proclamation and reception of the Gospel: 15:1-2

                        2.         The nature of the Gospel: 15:3-4

                        3.         Witnesses to the resurrection of Christ: 15:5-10

                        4.         Summary statement: 15:11

            B.        The necessity of Christ's resurrection: 15:12-34

                        1.         The necessity of His resurrection for salvation: 15:12-19

                                    a.         The denial of the resurrection by some: 15:12

                                    b.         Consequences of their denial: 15:13-19

                        2.         Historic necessity of the resurrection: 15:20-28

                                    a.         Historic necessity: 15:20

                                    b.         The divine provision: 15:21-22

                                    c.         The divine order in the program: 15:23-28

                                                (1)       The resurrection of Christ as the first fruits: 15:23

                                                (2)       The resurrection of those in Christ at His return: 15:23

                                                (3)       The end of God's program: 15:24-28

                        3.         The necessity of Christ's resurrection for present Christian conduct:                                     15:29-34

                                    a.         The question concerning baptism for the dead: 15:29

                                    b.         The question of jeopardizing our lives: 15:30-34

                                                (l)        The foolishness of such conduct: 15:30-32

                                                (2)       The rebuke: 15:33-34

                        4.         The prospect of the Christian's resurrection: 15:35-58

                                    a.         The nature of the resurrected body: 15:35-49

                                                (l)        Questions about the resurrected body: 15:35

                                                (2)       Answers about the resurrected body: 15:36-49

                                    b.         The change that produces the resurrected body: 15:50-58

                                                (1)       The condition requiring the change: 15:50

                                                (2)       The nature of the change: 15:51-52

                                                (3)       The requirement for the change: 15:53

                                                (4)       The triumph of the change: 15:54-57

                                                (5)       The concluding appeal for steadfastness: 15:58


VIII.    Practical and personal matters: 16:1-24


            A.        Instructions for raising the collection: 16:1-4

                        1.         Instructions also to be given to the Galatians churches: 16:1

                        2.         The method to be used in collecting money: 16:2

                        3.         The transmission of the collection: 16:3-4

            B.        Planned visits to Corinth: 16:5-12

                        1.         Paul's visit: 16:5-9

                        2.         The visit of Timothy: 16:10-11

                        3.         The visit of Apollos: 16:12

            C.        Concluding admonitions to the Corinthians: 16:13-14

            D.        Acknowledgment of the representatives from Corinth: 16:15-18

                        1.         An appeal concerning the house of Stephanas: 16:15-16

                        2.         A statement about the coming of the three representatives: 16:17-18

            E.        Concluding greetings: 16:19-24

                        1.         Greetings from others: 16:19-20

                        2.         Salutation from Paul himself: 16:21-24

                                    a.         His signature: 16:21

                                    b.         A final warning: 16:22

                                    c.         The benediction: 16:23

                                    d.         The expression of affection: 16:24


II CORINTHIANS


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Paul


TO WHOM: Believers at Corinth.


PURPOSE: To reestablish his apostolic authority was the major purpose, but it also deals with additional important issues. (See 8:10.)


KEY VERSE: 12:9


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Human weakness provides opportunity for manifestation of the power of God.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Timothy, Titus


OUTLINE


I.         Introduction: 1:1-11


            A.        Greeting: 1:1-2

                        1.         From: Paul and Timothy: 1:1

                        2.         To: The Church of God at Corinth and all saints in Achaia: 1:1

                        3.         Grace and peace from God and Jesus: 1:2

            B.        Suffering: 1:3-11

                        1.         Praise to God for suffering: 1:3

                                    a.         The father of Jesus Christ.

                                    b.         Father of mercies.

                                    c.         God of all comfort.

                        2.         Value of suffering: 1:4-7

                                    a.         Ability to comfort others with the comfort by which we were                                                 comforted: 1:4

                                    b.         Personal consolation in Christ: 1:5

                                    c.         Consolation and salvation for others: 1:6-7

                        3.         An example of suffering: Paul in Asia: 1:8-11


Part One:

Exhortation Regarding The Ministry

1:12-7:16


I.         Paul's conduct: 1:12-14


            A.        His testimony: 1:12

                        l.         Simplicity.

                        2.         Godly sincerity.

                        3.         Not with fleshly wisdom.

                        4.         By the grace of God.

            B.        His letters: 1:13

            C.        His relationship: 1:14

            D.        His plans: 1:15-2:4

                        1.         Original plan: 1:15-16

                        2.         The change of plans: 1:17-22

                        3.         Reason for the change: 1:22-2:4

            E.        Instructions regarding the repentant offender: 2:5-11

                        1.         The offense: 2:5

                        2.         Action advised: 2:6-8

                        3.         Motive for the action: 2:9-11


II.        The nature of the ministry: 2:12-6:10


            A.        Triumph of the ministry: 2:12-17

                        1.         Anxiety at Troas: 2:12-13

                        2.         Triumph in Christ: 2:14-17

            B.        Authorization of the ministry: 3:1-3

                        1.         Questions about their authorization: 3:1

                        2.         Basis of the authority: 3:2-3

            C.        The glory of the ministry: 3:4-18

                        1.         It is empowered by God: 3:4-6

                        2.         It is a glorious ministry: 3:7-11

                        3.         It is a simple ministry: 3:12

                        4.         It is an open, revealed ministry: 3:13-16

                        5.         It is a ministry of liberty: 3:17

                        6.         It is a ministry which changes lives into the image of the Lord: 3:18

            D.        The perseverance of the ministry: 4:1-5:10

                        1.         Perseverance in spite of blindness to the Gospel message: 4:1-7

                                    a.         Sincerity of the ministers: 4:1-2

                                    b.         Spiritual blindness of the lost: 4:3-4

                                    c.         Satanic opposition to the ministry: 4:4

                                    d.         Light of the Gospel penetrates darkness: 4:5-6

                                    e.         The treasure of this ministry in earthen vessels: 4:7

                        2.         Perseverance in suffering: 4:7-15

                                    a.         Description of suffering: 4:8-9

                                    b.         Purpose of suffering: 4:10-12

                                    c.         Victory in suffering: 4:13-15

                        3.         Perseverance inspired by hope: 4:16-5:10

                                    a.         Hope in this life: 4:16-18

                                    b.         Hope in the future life: 5:1-10

                        4.         The present attitude because of this hope: 5:6-8

                                    a.         Confidence: 5:6

                                    b.         Faith: 5:7

                                    c.         Fearlessness of death: 5:8

                                    d.         Acceptable living: 5:9

                        5.         The end of this hope: 5:10

            E.        The motivation for the ministry: 5:11-17

                        1.         Motives of fear of the Lord: 5:11

                        2.         Motive of concern for others: 5:12-13

                        3.         Motive of the love of Christ: 5:14-15

                        4.         Motive of new life in Christ: 5:16-17

            F.        The message of the ministry: 5:18-21

                        1.         The position of the ministers: Reconciled 5:18

                        2.         The ministry of the ministers: Reconciliation: 5:18-19

                        3.         The plea of the ministers: Reconciliation: 5:20

                        4.         The basis for the message: 5:21


III.       A summary of the ministry: 6:1-10


            A.        Position of the minister: Workers together with Him: 6:1

            B.        Plea of the ministers: 6:1-2

            C.        Conduct of the ministers: 6:3-10

                        1.         Negative: Giving no offense in anything: 6:3

                        2.         Positive: Approving themselves as ministers of God in all things: 6:4-10

                                    a.         In patience: 6:4

                                    b.         In afflictions: 6:4

                                    c.         In necessities: 6:4

                                    d.         In distresses: 6:4

                                    e.         In stripes: 6:5

                                    f.         In imprisonments: 6:5

                                    g.         In tumults: 6:5

                                    h.         In labors: 6:5

                                    i.         In watchings: 6:5

                                    j.         In fasting: 6:5

                                    k.         In pureness: 6:6

                                    l.         In knowledge: 6:6

                                    m.       In long suffering: 6:6

                                    n.         In kindness: 6:6

                                    o.         By the Holy Ghost: 6:6

                                    p.         By love unfeigned: 6:6

                                    q.         By the word of truth: 6:7

                                    r.         By the power of God: 6:7

                                    s.         Armor of righteousness: 6:7

                                    t.         Honor and dishonor: 6:8

                                    u.         Evil and good report: 6:8

                                    v.         Deceivers yet true: 6:8

                                    w.        Unknown yet well known: 6:9

                                    x.         Dying yet living: 6:9

                                    y.         Chastened and not killed: 6:9

                                    z.         Sorrowful yet rejoicing: 6:10

                                    aa.       Poor, yet making many rich: 6:10

                                    bb.       Having nothing, yet possessing all things: 6:10


IV.      Consequent appeals in view of this ministry: 6:11-7:4


            A.        A fatherly appeal: 6:11-13

            B.        Appeal for separation: 6:14-7:1

                        1.         The command for separation: 6:14

                        2.         Arguments for separation: 6:14-16

                        3.         The results of separation: 6:17-6:18

                                    a.         Removal: 6:17

                                    b.         Reception: 6:17

                                    c.         Relationship: 6:18

            C.        Appeal for holiness: 7:1

            D.        Appeal for affection: 7:2-4


V.        Recognition of the ministry: 7:5-16


            A.        Afflictions in Macedonia: 7:5

            B.        The coming of Titus: 7:6-7

                        1.         Comfort through Titus: 7:6

                        2.         His message: 7:7

            C.        Paul's former letter: 7:8-12

                        1.         The letter: 7:8

                        2.         Results of the letter: 7:8-11

                                    a.         Godly sorrow: 7:8-9

                                    b.         Repentance: 7:9-10

                                    c.         Salvation: 7:10

                                    d.         Carefulness: 7:11

                                    e.         Clearing of selves: 7:11

                                    f.         Indignation: 7:11

                                    g.         Fear: 7:11

                                    h.         Desire: 7:11

                                    i.         Zeal: 7:11

                                    j.         Revenge: 7:11

                                    k.         Approval in all things: 7:11

                        3.         Purpose of the former letter: 7:12

            D.        Comfort from the joy of Titus: 7:13-15

            E.        Confidence expressed in the Corinthian believers: 7:16



Part Two:

A Plea Concerning The Collection

8:1-9:15


I.         Example: The giving of the Macedonians: 8:1-6


            A.        The explanation concerning their giving: 8:1

            B.        The circumstances of their giving: 8:2

                        1.         Great trial of affliction.

                        2.         Abundance of joy.

                        3.         Deep poverty.

                        4.         Riches of liberality.

            C.        The manner of their giving: 8:3-5

            D.        The result their giving: 8:6


II.        Exhortation: The appeal for Christian giving: 8:7-15


            A.        The appeal: 8:7

            B.        The motives of such giving: 8:8-12

                        l.         Love: 8:8

                        2.         Example of Jesus Christ: 8:9

                        3.         Willingness: 8:19-12

            C.        Principles of equality in giving: 8:13-15


III.       The messengers to Corinth: 8:16-9:5


            A.        Approval of the messengers: 8:16-24

                        1.         The coming of Titus to Corinth: 8:16-17

                        2.         Brethren accompanying Titus to Corinth: 8:18-22

                        3.         Recommendation of the messengers: 8:23

                        4.         Request to receive them properly: 8:24

            B.        Explanation for sending the messengers: 9:1-5

                        1.         The situation in Achaia concerning the collection: 9:1-2

                        2.         Purposes for sending the brethren about the collection: 9:3-4

                        3.         Commission of the brethren concerning the collection: 9:5


IV.      The blessings of liberal giving: 9:6-15


            A.        The basic principle of giving: 9:6

            B.        The right spirit for giving: 9:7

            C.        The results of liberal giving: 9:8-14

                        1.         All grace from God: 9:8

                        2.         Sufficiency in all things: 9:8

                        3.         Abounding in every good work: 9:8

                        4.         Blessings on the poor: 9:9

                        5.         Material blessings: 9:10

                        6.         Spiritual blessings: 9:10

                        7.         Increase in fruits of righteousness: 9:10

                        8.         Enriched in all things: 9:11

            D.        Reaction of those receiving the gift: 9:11-14

                        1.         Thankfulness to God: 9:11-13

                        2.         Regard for the givers; 9:14

            E.        The basis of the blessings of giving: 9:15


V.        Vindication: Paul's defense of his ministry: 10:1-13:10


            A.        Power: The apostle's authority: 10:1-18

                        1.         His appeal to the church: 10:1-6

                                    a.         The basis for his appeal: 10:1

                                    b.         The contents of his appeal: 10:2

                                    c.         A description of his warfare: 10:3-6

                                                (1)       The spiritual nature of his warfare: 10:3

                                                (2)       The spiritual weapons of his warfare: 10:4

                                                (3)       The battle in the warfare: 10:5-6

            B.        The answer to a misled member: 10:7-11

                        1.         An appeal to consider reality: 10:7

                        2.         The verification of his authority: 10:8-9

                        3.         The criticism: 10:10

                        4.         The warning to "such a one": 10:11

            C.        The claims of false teachers: 10:12-18

                        1.         The boasting of false teachers: 10:12

                        2.         Justified boasting: 10:13-18

                                    a.         The standard of measurement: 10:13

                                    b.         The achievement to be measured: 10:14-18


VI.      Apostleship: Paul's boasting: 11:1-12:13


            A.        His request to be permitted to boast: 11:1-4

                        1.         Statement of the request: 11:1

                        2.         Reasons for the request: 11:2-4

                                    a.         His personal concern for them: 11:2

                                    b.         His anxiety concerning them: 11:3-4

            B.        Refuting personal inferiority: 11:5-15

                        1.         His position: 11:5

                        2.         His preaching: 11:6

                        3.         His service: 11:7-15

            C.        Paul's reasons for boasting: 11:16-12:10

                        1.         The preparation for boasting: 11:16-21

                                    a.         The reluctance to boast: 11:16-17

                                    b.         The need for the boasting: 11:18

                                    c.         The consolation in his boasting: 11:19-21

                        2.         The first boasting: 11:22-33

                                    a.         Boasting as to the flesh: 11:22

                                    b.         Boasting concerning service: 11:23-29

                                    c.         Boasting in infirmities: 11:30-33

                        3.         The second boasting: 12:1-10

                                    a.         His feeling about boasting: 12:1

                                    b.         Boasting about visions: 12:2-5

                                    c.         Boasting in weakness: 12:6-10

            D.        A review of his boasting: 12:11-13

                        1.         The feeling about the boasting: 12:11

                        2.         The cause for the boasting: 12:11-13

                                    a.         Their failure to commend him: 12:11

                                    b.         Their obligation to commend him: 12:11-13


VII.     The apostle's proposed visit to Corinth: 12:14-13:10


            A.        His service to them: 12:14-18

                        1.         His free service upon arrival: 12:14

                        2.         The reasons for his attitude: 12:14

                        3.         His willingness to be spent for them: 12:15

                        4.         Refutation of slander against him: 12:16-18

            B.        His concern about conditions upon his arrival: 12:19-21

                        1.         Correction of false impressions: 12:19

                        2.         His concerns about them: 12:20-21

            C.        His plan upon arrival: 13:1-4

                        1.         The investigation he will make: 13:1-2

                        2.         The proof that will be given them: 13:3-4

            D.        A final appeal to the Corinthian believers: 13:5-10

                        1.         An appeal for self-testing: 13:5-10

                        2.         A prayer for them: 13:7-9

                        3.         The purpose of his letter to them: 13:10


Conclusion

13:11-14


I.         An exhortation: 13:11


            A.        The command: 13:11

                        1.         Be perfect.

                        2.         Be of good comfort.

                        3.         Be of one mind.

                        4.         Live in peace.

            B.        The result: 13:11


II.        The closing greetings: 13:12-13


III.       The benediction: 13:14


            A.        Grace of the Lord Jesus Christ.

            B.        Love of God.

            C.        Communion of the Holy Ghost.































SELF-TEST


1. Who was the author of the books of I and II Corinthians?


_______________________________________________________________________________


2. State the purpose for the book of I Corinthians.


_______________________________________________________________________________


3. To whom was the book of I Corinthians written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


4. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of I Corinthians.


_______________________________________________________________________________


5. From memory, write the Key Verse of I Corinthians.


_______________________________________________________________________________


6. State the purpose for the book of II Corinthians.


_______________________________________________________________________________


7. To whom was the book of II Corinthians written?


_______________________________________________________________________________


8. State the Life and Ministry Principle of the book of II Corinthians.


_______________________________________________________________________________


9. From memory, write the Key Verse of II Corinthians.


_______________________________________________________________________________




(Answers to tests are provided at the conclusion of the final chapter in this manual.)


FOR FURTHER STUDY


1. Study I Corinthians 3:10-15 to identify the following:


            -The building                                      -The building material

            -The owner                                         -The test of building

            -The builder


2. One of the reasons Paul wrote I Corinthians was to instruct the church to remove an unrepentant sinful member (I Corinthians 5:1-8). In II Corinthians he instructs the church to receive back that one who had since become repentant (II Corinthians 2:6-11).


3. II Corinthians reveals much about the person and work of Satan. See 2:10-11; 4:4; 11:3, 13-15; 12:7.


4. At least four names for believers are found in II Corinthians which are not found elsewhere in the Bible. These are: Living epistles: 3:2-3; A sweet savor of Christ: 2:15; Treasure carried in earthen vessels: 4:7; Ambassadors of Christ: 5:20


5. One of the most important reasons why God allows a believer to suffer is explained in this book: 1:1-6.


6. Paul told the Corinthian believers: "Be ye imitators of me, even as I also am of Christ" (I Corinthians 4:16 and 11:1). Study Paul's example as revealed in I Corinthians:


            -Loyal in message, method, and motive: 2:1-5

            -Sound in building: 3:10-23

            -Trustee of the truth of the Gospel: 4:1-6

            -Endured tribulations for Jesus: 4:9-16

            -Considerate of weaker brethren: 6:12; 8:13

            -Relinquished his rights: 9:12-18

            -Denied himself in order to reach souls: 9:19-23

            -Self-disciplined: 9:27; 10:33

            -Demonstrated proper restraint in public assemblies: 14:18-20

            -Humble: 15:9-10


7. I Corinthians 15 is the longest passage in the Bible concerning the future resurrection of believers. Study the changes that will occur:

 

-The body is sown (dies, is buried) in corruption, it is raised (through resurrection) in incorruption.

            -It is sown in dishonor and raised in glory.

            -It is sown in weakness and raised in power.

            -It is sown a physical body and raised a heavenly body.

            -It is sown a flesh and blood body but raised a changed body.

            -It is sown a mortal body and raised an immortal body.


8. Study II Corinthians 7:10. Make a list of the contrasts (differences) between godly sorrow and the sorrow of the world.


9. Study II Corinthians 6:8-11. Make a list of the contrasts in this passage.


10. Read about the founding and history of the church at Corinth: Acts 18:1-18; 19:1-22; 20:3,31


11. Is God still writing "epistles" or letters? Read II Corinthians 3:3. The believer is a living epistle through which God is revealing His message to the world.


12. I Corinthians chapters 12-14 concern the use of spiritual gifts in the church. Use the following notes to study this section:


CONCERNING SPIRITUAL GIFTS


The Holy Spirit divides or distributes these gifts among believers as He will: Chapter 12

            -There are many gifts, but one Spirit: 4-11

            -There are many members but one body: 12-27

            -There are many ways to serve, but one Church: 28-31


The gifts have no value unless they are used with love: Chapter 13

            -Spiritual gifts are not effective without love: 1-3

            -The characteristics of love: 4-8

            -Love is the greatest gift of all: 9-13


The most desirable gift is the gift of prophecy: Chapter 14

            -It edifies the church: 1-22

            -It convinces outsiders (the unsaved): 23-28

            -It should be used properly: 29-40












CHAPTER EIGHT


GALATIANS


OBJECTIVES:


Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:


-Name the author of the book of Galatians.

-Identify to whom the book of Galatians was written.

-State the purpose for the book of Galatians.

-Write, from memory, the Key Verse of the book of Galatians.

-State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Galatians.


INTRODUCTION


AUTHOR: Paul


TO WHOM: Believers at Galatia.


PURPOSE: To correct false teaching of Jewish legalism in the Church.


KEY VERSE: 5:1


LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Jesus delivered us from law to liberty.


MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Peter, James, Cephas, John, Barnabas, Titus, Abraham


OUTLINE


I.         Introduction: 1:1-5


            A.        From: Paul: 1:1

                        1.         An apostle.

                        2.         Not of men.

                        3.         By Jesus Christ and God the Father.

            B.        To: The churches of Galatia: 1:2

            C.        Grace and peace from Jesus: 1:3-5

                        1.         Who gave Himself for our sins: 1:4

                        2.         Who delivered us from the present evil world: 1:4

                        3.         According to the will of God the Father: 1:4

                        4.         To whom be glory for ever: 1:5


II.        The rebuke: 1:6-10


            A.        Astonishment at the departure from the Gospel: 1:6

            B.        Statement of the departure to "another gospel" which is false: 1:6-7

            C.        The seriousness of the matter: No matter who preaches another gospel, they are                         accursed: 1:8-9

            D.        Paul's attitude towards the matter: 1:10


Part One: The Liberty Of The Gospel

A Personal Argument 1:11-2:21


I.         How Paul received the Gospel: 1:11-24


            A.        The origin through revelation: 1:11-12

            B.        His conduct previous to receiving the Gospel: 1:13-14

                        1.         Taught the Jewish religion: 1:13

                        2.         Persecuted the Church of God: 1:13

                        3.         Profited in the Jewish religion above his equals: 1:14

                        4.         Was zealous of the Jewish tradition: 1:14

            C.        Description the revelation received: 1:15-17

                        1.         Source of the revelation: God: 1:15

                        2.         Subject of the revelation: His Son: 1:16

                        3.         Purpose of the revelation: That Paul might preach Him among the                                     heathen: 1:16

                        4.         Response to the revelation: 1:16-17

                                    a.         He conferred not with flesh and blood: 1:16

                                    b.         He did not go to the apostles at Jerusalem: 1:17

                                    c.         He went to Arabia and Damascus: 1:17

            D.        Paul's independence of the Jerusalem apostles: 1:18-20

                        l.         His first visit to Jerusalem: 1:18-20

                                    a.         The time of the visit: 1:18

                                    b.         The purpose of the visit: 1:18

                                    c.         The duration of the visit: 1:18

                                    d.         Contacts during the visit: 1:19-20

            E.        Paul's subsequent absence from Jerusalem: 1:21-24

                        1.         The place of his withdrawal: 1:21

                        2.         The lack of acquaintance with the churches in Judea: 1:22

                        3.         The response of the churches to reports about him: 1:23-24


II.        How the Gospel received by Paul was confirmed by the apostles at Jerusalem: 2:1-10


            A.        The circumstances of its presentation to them: 2:1-2

                        1.         The journey to Jerusalem: 2:2

                        2.         The presentation made by Paul at Jerusalem: 2:2

            B.        The result of Paul's presentation of the Gospel o them: 2:3-10

                        1.         His position as reflected in Titus: 2:3

                        2.         His conflict with false brethren: 2:4-5

                                    a.         Their presence: 2:4

                                    b.         Paul's refusal to yield to their demands: 2:5

                        3.         Approval by Jerusalem leaders of the Gospel received by Paul: 2:6-10

                                    a.         Their failure to add anything to his Gospel: 2:6

                                    b.         Their approval of his Gospel: 2:7-10

                                    c.         The basis of their approval: 2:7-9

                                    d.         The expression of their approval: 2:9

                                    e.         The one request made in their approval: 2:10


III.       Paul's rebuke of Peter for his yielding to legalistic pressure in Antioch: 2:11-21


            A.        Reason for the rebuke: 2:12

            B.        Effect of the inconsistent conduct of Peter: 2:13

            C.        Justification for giving the rebuke: 2:14-21

                        l.         Paul's question to Peter: 2:14

                        2.         Paul's explanation of his doctrinal position: 2:15-21

                                    a.         Insufficiency of the law: 2:15-18

                                                (1)       We are justified by faith, not the law nor by works: 2:16

                                                (2)       If we rely on the law, we are transgressors: 2:17-18

                                    b.         The new life in Christ: 2:19-21

                                                (1)       The effect of the law led to the new life: 2:19

                                                (2)       The nature of the new life: 2:20

                                                (3)       The grace of God is nullified by law keeping: 2:21


Part Two: The Liberty Of The Gospel

A Doctrinal Argument 3:1-4:31


I.         The doctrine of justification by faith: 3:1-4:7


            A.        Justification by faith: 3:1-14

                        1.         Inconsistency of their conduct: 3:1-5

                                    a.         Turning from Christ: 3:1

                                    b.         Question about the start of their Christian life: 3:2

                                    c.         A question about their method of perfection: 3:3

                                    d.         The question about their sufferings as believers: 3:4

                                    e.         The question about the basis of God's work in them: 3:5

            B.        The example of Abraham's justification: 3:6-9

                        1.         The means of Abraham's justification: 3:6

                        2.         The identity of the sons of Abraham: 3:7

                        3.         The announcement to Abraham by God of justification through faith: 3:8

                        4.         The heirs of the blessings of Abraham: 3:9

            C.        Deliverance from law and works through Jesus Christ: 3:10-14

                        1.         The curse on those under law and works: 3:10

                        2.         The inability of law and works to justify: 3:11-12

                        3.         Deliverance from the curse through Jesus: 3:13-14

                                    a.         The means of deliverance from the curse: 3:13

                                    b.         The purpose in deliverance from the curse: 3:14

            D.        The limitations of the law and its relation to faith: 3:15-14:7

                        1.         The covenant of faith with Abraham: 3:15-18

                                    a.         The covenant was binding: 3:15

                                    b.         It was to Abraham and his seed: 3:16

                                    c.         The promise was not altered by the law: 3:17

                                    d.         The inheritance is not through the law but by promise: 3:18

                        2.         The true place and purpose of the law: 3:19-29

                                    a.         The temporary nature of the law: 3:19-20

                                    b.         The inability of the law to produce life: 3:21-22

                                    c.         The law was an instrument to bring us to Christ: 3:23-29

            E.        The contrasts of law and faith: 4:1-7

                        1.         The illustration of the position of an heir as a minor: 4:1-2

                        2.         Application of the illustration to believers: 4:3-6

                                    a.         Bondage as minors: 4:3

                                    b.         Free as sons: 4:4-6

                        3.         The conclusion for the believer: 4:7


II.        An appeal to the Galatian believers to drop their legalism: 4:8-31


            A.        Accepting Jewish legalism is a return to bondage: 4:8-11